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Cystic Fibrosis

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Janelle Pinkerton

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is genetic disease that causes thick mucus bulid-up in the lungs and digestive tract. Common in young adults and children, and may result in early death. Cystic
Fibrosis 7 CF is a mutation found on the body chromsome, 7. It is an autosomal recessive. Since it's recessive, two carriers would have to have the rare gene. CF is not sex-linked, because it is affected on a body chromosome. Some enviromental factors that could affect a person with CF could be: germs because of infections in the lungs, and smoking. People with CF should avoid smoking and people who smoke to keep the airways clear. Symptoms differ from person to person because there are more than 1,000 mutations to the CF gene. Symptoms for newbons:
Delayed growth
Failure to gain weight normally during childhood
No bowel movements in first 24 to 48 hours of life
Salty-tasting skin Symptoms related to bowel function:
Belly pain from severe constipation
Increased gas, bloating, or a belly that appears swollen (distended)
Nausea and loss of appetite
Stools that are pale or clay colored, foul smelling, have mucus, or that float
Weight loss Symptoms related to the lungs & sinuses:
Coughing or increased mucus in the sinuses or lungs
Nasal congestion caused by nasal polyps
Recurrent episodes of pneumonia. Symptoms in someone with cystic fibrosis include:
Increased coughing
Increased shortness of breath
Loss of appetite
More sputum
Sinus pain or pressure caused by infection or polyps Approximately 30,000 children and adults in the United States have CF. The life expectancy varies between each person and the severity of the disease.
More than 45% of people with CF live in America. Diganosis for CF includes: blood tests, chest x-rays, lung function tests and many others. The most common treatment are taking enzymes to help digest food. This is required before any food is consumed. There are also foundations for each indivual. They offer mucus thiners, anitbiotics, anti-inflammatories, bronchodilators, and more. Side effects of the medication doesn't seem to be very common but some side effects for the mucus thiners can be coughing a lot(to get the mucus out) and a slight sore throat. Cystic fibrosis, from what I have learned, I don't think I could deal with it as well as most people do. It would be hard to take enzymes before every meal and it would be hard to keep up with treatments. As I do feel sorry for people with CF, I also feel very happy for them. Not because they have it, but because they have a chance to live a normal life with the medical treatments that they offer today.
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