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Chapter 16 Section 2 War in Europe
Transcript of Chapter 16 Section 2 War in Europe
1938 March – Germany invades Austria.
September – Munich Pact is signed by Germany, France and Britain. Why did Neville Chamberlain sign the Munich Pact?
To avoid war.
The pact was dishonorable and wouldn’t prevent war.
1939 March – Germany invades Czechoslovakia.
August – Germany and USSR sign nonaggression pact and secret agreement What did Germany and the USSR agree to in their accords?
Not to fight each other; to divide Poland between them.
1939 September – Germany invades Poland. November – USSR invades Finland. What happened to Poland as a result of the invasion, and how did Britain and France respond to it? Poland was divided between Germany and the USSR; the country ceased to exist; Britain and France declared war on Germany.
1940 Spring – Germany invades Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg.
June – France surrenders to Germany. Germany occupied the northern part of France; a Nazi controlled puppet government was set up at Vichy in southern France.
1940 Summer – USSR overruns Baltic states.
Battle of Britain begins. What type of battle was the Battle of Britain, and why was England’s victory so important?
Air war; a British victory forced Hitler to call off the invasion of Britain indefinitely.
Why did Winston Churchill oppose the pact? What were the surrender terms offered to France?