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SPORT AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE 21st CENTURY

Enjoy watching sport and just do physical activity a life style
by

Juan Nieto Guerrero

on 31 January 2015

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Transcript of SPORT AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE 21st CENTURY

SPORT AND THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE 21st CENTURY
Introduction

Sport is one of the most important phenomena happened in the last 100 years.
It’s an activity with plenty of advantages: physical, mental, educative and social.
But, on the other hand, a misuse of sport can cause problems, interests and conflicts
.
How is sport nowadays?
Which are its characteristics?
Which are the most important expressions?
Which are its values?

CONCEPT OF SPORT
Driving situation
, there are mates and opponents that try to cooperate or make more difficult my actions.
Game,
free participation to have fun.
Competition
, a desire for self-improvement.
Rules,
they must exist to define the characteristics of the activity.
Institutionalization
, an institution must state the development and the regulations of the game.
Definition:
Any kind of
physical activity
that by means of an organized participation or not, has as an aim the expression or
improvement of the mental or physical condition
, the development of the
social relationships
or the
obtaining of scores
in every competition.
We can say that sport is a
social phenomenon,
everybody plays sport, it’s fashionable, and we can see it on the media, on advertisement…
On the one hand, we consider
sport as a mass
spectacle where
great amounts of money are moved.
On the other hand, another
social reality
is developed and this is also sport, a big percentage of the world population
practices it in an anonymous way
, people who work in a club or for a sport association,
millions of students who play at school
, the disabled or the old age people…
However, we ask ourselves some questions…
Is really our society a sport society?
Is good sport for society?
Which factors can harm sport as a social good?
The
competitive
aspect became the main aspect for those who practice as sport and for those who watch it.
Therefore, competitive will be one of the characteristics of the 21st society.
That competitive is a dominant value in our contemporary society as well as the performance and the result.

‘The sports behaviors are due to cultural phenomena and to customs of the community they belong to’
THE SPORTS PRACTICE
SPORTS PRACTICE IN SPAIN
AT A GENERAL LEVEL
Nearly
16 million of people
over 14 do sport in Spain.
EVOLUTION OF THE SPORTS PRACTICE IN THE
LAST 30 YEARS (1980-2010)
Population between 15 and 65, the practice has increased in these years,
it has gone from 25% to 45% nowadays.
SPORTS PRACTICE DEPENDING ON GENDER
There is a
31% of women that do sport and the percentage of men is 49%
.
REASONS TO PLAY SPORT
Nowadays the reasons have changed; we have the desire of adventure, the need of having fun, the physical appearance or the human interaction.
THE PRESENCE OF SPORT IN SHOOLS
After many years,
Physical Education appears as a subject in schools in all levels
: more qualified teachers, more facilities and materials.
Students are constantly in contact with the physical education.
Moreover, sport out of schools has been fostered but we must go on growing to get a society with
habits of physical education to prevent cardiovascular illnesses
, to improve our mind and to make us feel as member of a group thanks to the sport practice.
In this way, we will consider the importance of our
BODY in MOTION.
SPORT FOR ALL
For a long time the tracksuit and doing sport have been associated with
children and young
people with
higher social classes
or a high cultural level with the
male sex

Nowadays sport is within everybody's reach: children, older….., women.
The economic or cultural level is not a problem
to carry out physical activities, everybody can do sport and everywhere can be practiced.
INSTITUTIONALIZATION AND APPEARING OF NEW WAYS OF ORGANIZATION
Governments
have created institutions that make the organization of this phenomenon easier.
Besides,
greater administrative, economic and political resources
go to improve its management.
AT AN INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
IOC (International Olympic Committee)
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATIONS
ASSOCIATIONS OF PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN
They are the institutions that regulate the greatest competitions in our society such as the
Olympic Games, the World Cups of every sport and the competitions of Clubs
. It would be the professional sport devoted to earn millions of euros.
All the
international federations
of the Olympic Games are included in the International Committee.
In the mass sports there are
ASSOCIATIONS OF PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN
in golf or tennis; the PGA in golf or the WTA in tennis for women.
AT A NATIONAL LEVEL
SPORTS COUNCIL
NATIONAL FEDERATIONS
PROFESSIONAL LEAGUES
This
sport depends directly on the government,
the same time on the Ministry of Education and Culture.

Each NATIONAL FEDERATION regulates the competitions in every sport as well as its organization and promotion.

The sports with a higher number of licenses in Spain:

FOOTBALL, BASKETBALL, HUNTING, GOLF, CLIMBING, TENNIS, JUDO, HANDBALL, ATHLETICS, FISHING, KARATE, OLYMPIC SHOOTING, CYCLING, VOLLEYBALL AND SWIMMING. There are a total of 3,520,192 licenses.

In mass sports there are
PROFESSIONAL LEAGUES
where clubs gather to organize their own competitions, in Spain, the Professional League of Football, the most important competition of clubs in our country.

In other sports, these competitions depend directly on the
national Federations
: FEB (Spanish Federation of Basketball) or the RFEA (the Spanish Federation of Athletics) or the RFTET (the Spanish Federation of Tennis)
THE REGIONAL EDUCATION MINISTRY
TERRITORIAL FEDERATIONS
The different autonomous regions have authority in the promotion of sport and physical activity.

AT A PROVINCIAL LEVEL

COUNCILS (SPORTS SECTIONS)
TERRITORIAL OFFICES

AT A LOCAL LEVEL
SPORTS BOARDS
SPORTS CLUBS
POPULAR SPORT
And finally, the town halls promote the popular sport as a means of favoring health of citizens.
AT AN AUTONOMOUS LEVEL
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE AFFILLIATED AND THE POPULAR SPORT
THE PRESENCE OF SPORT IN SHOOLS
SPORT FOR ALL
Each person chooses depending on his own necessities
, motivations and interests.
Summing up,
to get the promotion of sport would be the main aim of our society
, the respect for our body, the importance of effort and enjoy a spectacle make that sport is present in our society something difficult to understand 100 years ago.
The sooner we start to do sport,

the greater the tendency to do it in an autonomous way during our life.
Therefore, practice sport, enjoy watching it and make of the physical activity your lifestyle.
Physical Education Department
For a long time, in Spain there were
a greater number of spectators watching a sport
than the number of people who practiced it.
That’s the reason why they have resorted to
advertising, television and sports marketing
.
On the contrary,
our towns and cities filled with a greater number of people who do sport
.
The sports facilities have increased
dramatically, also the number of professionals devoted to training and the sports teaching
Move your body
Spend Energy
Have fun!!!!
Be healthy!
Thank you for your attention
Full transcript