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Modern Times: American LiteratureTeaching Moments
Transcript of Modern Times: American LiteratureTeaching Moments
1914-1950 By: Serena Jordan,
Lauren Williams Terms Art Paintings Paintings Artists Poets Except Authors Excerpts J.D. Salinger-
"Catcher in the Rye"
F. Scott Fitzgerald-
"Grapes of Wrath" Robert Frost
William Carol Williams
T.S. Elliot Styles Salvador Dali
Georgia O'keeffe Jackson Pollock Miro O'Keeffe Claude Monet "A Sort of a Song"
Let the snake wait under
and the writing
be of words, slow and quick, sharp
to strike, quiet to wait,
-- through metaphor to reconcile
the people and the stones.
Compose. (No ideas
but in things) Invent!
Saxifrage is my flower that splits
-William Carol Williams "Nothing Gold Can Stay"
Nature's first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf's a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.
-Robert Frost Salvador Dali Braque Picasso Ray Bradbury-
"To Kill a Mockingbird"
"Lord of the Flies" 1918 WWI Ends WWII Begins 1938 WWI Begins 1914 U.S. Enters
War 1917 Soviet Russia
Forms 1917 1933 New Deal Prohibition 1920 19th Amendment 1920 Stock Market
Crashes 1929 Hitler Elected 1933 1954 1949 Abstract-
Expressionism Pearl Harbor 1941 WWII Ends 1945 Red Scare 1948 Korean War 1950 "Nothing Gold
Can Stay" 1923 1925 Great Gatsby "Grapes of
Wrath" 1939 "Lord of
the Flies 1945 "Catcher in
the Rye" 1951 "Fahrenheit
451" 1953 "Animal Farm" "To Kill a Mockingbird" 1959 John Steinbeck & George Orwell John Steinbeck
Born in Salinas, California in 1902
Studied at Stanford University but never graduated
His novels can usually be classified as social novels dealing with rural labor
He died on December 20, 1968 George Orwell
Born 25th June 1903 Motihari, Bengal (now Bihar) India
Wrote mostly about socialism and for the "common man".
In London he learned about disparity between the social classes and the hardships of beggars and thieves
Died on January 21st 1950 Harper Lee and
J.D. Salinger Harper Lee
Born April 28, 1926 in a Alabama town called Monroeville
In April 1931 she went through a similar trial as the one she wrote about in "To Kill a Mockingbird" J.D. Salinger
Born on January 1, 1919, in New York City
He writings usually involve young adults as well as the recurring themes of innocence and adolescence "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
Let us go then, you and I,
When the evening is spread out against the sky
Like a patient etherized upon a table;
Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells:
Streets that follow like a tedious argument
Of insidious intent
To lead you to an overwhelming question . . .
Oh, do not ask, ‘What is it?’
Let us go and make our visit.
"My locks are shorn for sorrow
Of love which may not be;
Tomorrow and tomorrow
Are plotting cruelty.
The winter wind tangles
These ringlets half-grown,
The sun sprays with spangles
And rays like his own.
Oh, quieter and colder
Is the stream; he will wait;
When my curls touch my shoulder
He will comb them straight."
-Elinor Wylie Literature Terminology Disillusionment: To disabuse; to open someone’s eyes; to shatter someone’s illusions
Fragmentation: the disintegration, collapse, or breakdown of norms of thought, behavior, or social relationship
Individualism: importance of the individual and in the virtues of self-reliance and personal independence. Themes Loss of faith in the American dream
Interest in the individual
Exploring the inner workings of the mind
Break down of social morals Experimentation in style and form
Steam of Consciousness
Sigmund Freud's "unconscious mind" Timeline "... in front of Simon, the Lord of the Flies hung on his stick and grinned. At last Simon gave up and looked back; saw the white teeth and dim eyes, the blood—and his gaze was held by that ancient, inescapable recognition. In Simon’s right temple, a pulse began to beat on the brain. . . “You are a silly little boy,” said the Lord of the Flies, “just an ignorant, silly little boy.” Simon moved his swollen tongue but said nothing. “Don’t you agree?” said the Lord of the Flies. “Aren’t you just a silly little boy?” Simon answered him in the same silent voice. “Well then,” said the Lord of the Flies, “you’d better run off and play with the others. They think you’re batty. You don’t want Ralph to think you’re batty, do you? You like Ralph a lot, don’t you? And Piggy, and Jack?” Simon’s head was tilted slightly up. His eyes could not break away and the Lord of the Flies hung in space before him. “What are you doing out here all alone? Aren’t you afraid of me?” Simon shook. “There isn’t anyone to help you. Only me. And I’m the Beast.” Simon’s mouth labored, brought forth audible words. “Pig’s head on a stick.” “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!” said the head. For a moment or two the forest and all the other dimly appreciated places echoed with the parody of laughter. “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?”