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Unit 3 - Ancient Mediterranean
Transcript of Unit 3 - Ancient Mediterranean
3500 B.C.E.–300 C.E.
Palette of King Narmer.
Predynastic Egypt. c. 3000–2920 B.C.E. Greywacke, height 25”. Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.
Archaic through Hellenistic Greek. 600 B.C.E.–150 C.E. Plan.
Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble with remnants of paint, height 6’4”.
Peplos Kore from the Acropolis.
Archaic Greek. c. 530 B.C.E. Marble, painted details, height 4’.
Sarcophagus of the Spouses.
Etruscan. c. 520 B.C.E. Terra cotta, length 6’7”.
Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo.
Master sculptor Vulca. c. 510–500 B.C.E. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture.- Plan. Based on descriptions by Vitruvius.
-Model, Painted terra cotta, height 5’10”.
Tomb of the Triclinium.
Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan. c. 480–470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco.
Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter. c. 460–450 B.C.E. Clay, red-figure technique (white highlights) , 21 ¼” x 22”.
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer).
Polykleitos. Original 450–440 B.C.E. Roman copy (marble) of Greek original (bronze). Height 6’11”, tree trunk and brace strut are Roman additions
Athens, Greece. Iktinos and Kallikrates. c. 447–424 B.C.E. Marble.
Akropolis, Athens. 447-432. B.C.E. Pentelic marble.
-Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?).
East pediment of the Parthenon, c. 447-432 B.C.E. length over 90’; the central space of about 40’ is missing.
-Temple of Athena Nike.
Akropolis, Athens. Kallikarates. 447-432. B.C.E. Pentelic marble.
-Victory adjusting her sandal.
Fragment of relief decoration from the parapet (now destroyed). Temple of Athena Nike, Akropolis, Athens. Last quarter of the 5th century (perhaps 410-405) B.C.E. Marble, height 3’6”.
-Plaque of the Ergastines.
Detail of the Procession, from the Ionic frieze on the east side of the Parthenon, c. 447-432 B.C.E. Marble, height 3’6”. Musee due Louvre, Paris.
Grave stele of Hegeso.
Attributed to Kallimachos. c. 410 B.C.E. Marble and paint, 5’2” high. From the Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Greece.
Winged Victory of Samothrace.
Hellenistic Greek. c. 190 B.C.E. Marble, height 8’1”
Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon.
Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek. c. 175 B.C.E. Marble (architecture and sculpture). , height of figure 7’7
House of the Vettii.
Pompeii, Italy. Imperial Roman. c. second century B.C.E.; rebuilt c. 62–79 C.E. Cut stone and fresco
Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.
Republican Roman. c. 100 B.C.E. Mosaic. Roman copy of a Greek wall painting of c. 310 B.C.E., perhaps by Philoxenos of Eretria or Helen of Egypt. Entire panel 8’10” x 17’
Hellenistic Greek. c. 100 B.C.E. Bronze, 4’2” high.
Head of a Roman patrician.
Republican Roman. c. 75–50 B.C.E. Marble, 14”.
Augustus of Prima Porta.
Imperial Roman. Early first century C.E. Marble, originally colored, height 6’8”.
Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater).
Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman. 70–80 C.E. Stone and concrete.
Forum of Trajan.
Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum and markets: 106–112 C.E.; column completed 113 C.E. Brick and concrete (architecture); marble (column).
-Forum of Trajan (reconstruction drawing)
-Basilica Ulpia (reconstruction drawing)
Rome, 100-112 C.E.
-Column of Trajan.
Rome. 113-118 C.E., or after 117 C.E. Marble, overall height with base 125’; column alone 97’8”; length of relief 625’.
Imperial Roman. 118–125 C.E. Concrete with stone facing. -Dome of the Pantheon. c. 110-128 C.E. Brick, concrete, marble veneer, diameter of dome 143’.
Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus.
Late Imperial Roman. c. 250 C.E. Marble, 5’ high. Museo Nazionale Romano – Palazzo Altemps, Rome, Italy.