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Economic Discrimination of Deaf People

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by

Danny Maffia

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of Economic Discrimination of Deaf People

Job Discrimination
“We don’t hire deaf people here.”
“I’m sure you can do lots of things. But this is not the job for you.”
"The next time you come in here, bring an interpreter.”
“I think you people would rather work with people of your own kind.”
“Go ahead and fill out the application. I’m going to write ‘DEAF’ across the top of it.”
“I’m trying to run a business, and that type of impairment would be a nuisance.”
“It would make things uncomfortable for our customers.”
“Is there a deaf school around? Maybe you should find a job there.”
Economic Status
Total Amount Earned in A Lifetime:
Hearing Employee: $392,613
Deaf Employee: $132,538
(Weinrich, 1972)

18-to-44 Year Old Age Group:
82% of the hearing population were employed
58% of the Deaf population were employed.
(Blanchfield, et al, 2001)

Poverty rate is significantly higher for Deaf people/people with disabilities
Deaf women are more likely to take on blue
collar & white collar jobs, as opposed to
pink collar jobs
Disability Benefits
As an [often the last] option, Deaf people receive Social Security Disability Income Benefits (SSDI/SSI) from the government.
90 decibels (dB) or 'worse' in your better ear
Cochlear Implants: Automatically granted benefits for at least one year after implantation
Misinterpreted both within and outside of the community
Welfare is NOT a sign of lethargy or inertia
Welfare is the very recognition of the social stigma & discrimination Deaf people encounter when seeking jobs
Educational issues
The Field of
Sign Language
ASL Instructor
Huge surge in popularity of sign language in the past decade
Creates opportunities for Deaf people to become sign language teachers
Certified Deaf Interpreter (CDI)
Specialist who provides interpreting, translation, and transliteration services in American Sign Language and other visual and tactual communication forms used by individuals who are Deaf, hard-of-hearing, and Deaf-Blind
Deaf Economy
"The “deaf economy” is an emerging, new niche economic system taking shape within deaf communities globally."
Entrepreneurship within the Deaf communities
Branding it as 'Deaf'
Creation of jobs within the community
Convo (San Francisco)
Mozzeria (San Francisco)
Dawn Sign Press (San Diego)
#DEAFTALENT
Los Angeles is considered the heart of the entertainment industry
Numerous Deaf actors, editors filmmakers, writers live in LA
Recognition of the problematic issue that hearing actors are hired for Deaf roles
Hashtag - #DEAFTALENT - is intended to bring attention to this persistent issue
The Economic Status of Deaf People
http://www.abilitymagazine.com/deaf-discrimination.html
http://www.disabilitysecrets.com/resources/disability/hearing-loss-when-does-social-security-grants-
http://www.academia.edu/8022916/_The_Emergence_of_a_Deaf_Economy_?login=jesheather@gmail.com&email_was_taken=true
Deaf people and social security
http://libguides.gallaudet.edu/content.php pid=119476&sid=1029190
Employment rates
In 2013 approximately 67.4% of people were employed in the United States compared to the individuals with hearing diasbilities who had 50.2% employment.
http://www.disabilitycompendium.org/docs/default-source/2014-compendium/2014_compendium.pdf
Full transcript