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Hypocobalaminemia (Vitamin B12 Deficency)

By: Michael Efford and Raegan Hussey
by

Raegan Hussey

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Hypocobalaminemia (Vitamin B12 Deficency)

Hypocobalaminemia also known as vitamin B12 deficiency
By: Michael Efford and Raegan Hussey
Brief Description
Hypocobalaminemia is a low blood level of B12. Also called vitamin B12 deficency. If you leave it untreated, it can be fatal. Vitamin B12 is a very important building block in the production of red blood cells and construction of DNA.
Causes
Some causes of vitamin B12 deficency is:
~ Surgical removal of the small bowel
~ Nitrous oxcide abuse
~ Malnutrition of alcoholism
~ Long-term use of rantidine hydrochloride
~ Some studies have shown that giardiasis,
or similar parasitic infections may also be a cause of vitamin B12 deficency.
Symptoms
Chronic fatigue
Off balance
Memory impairment
Irritability
Depression
Light-headedness
Foggy feeling in the mind
Symptoms
Rapid heartbeat and breathing
Short of breath
Sore tongue
Bleeding gums
Often going from diarrhea
to constipation
Treatment
Treatment can be supplemented in healthy subjects by pills, intranasal spray, a patch or injection.
B12 is also found in alot of meat and dairy.
Prevention
Starting a diet with a rich amount of thiamine may stave off the adverse effects of the deficency. Food with a rich amount of thiamine is include unrefined grain products, ready-to-eat cereal, meat, dairy products,
peanuts, legumes, fruits and eggs.
Here are some pictures of what the vitamin B12 deficiency looks like:
Full transcript