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The Craft of Research Chapters 12 and 13

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by

Donna Elliott

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of The Craft of Research Chapters 12 and 13

Chapter 12: Planning
The research paper should not be a patchwork of your sources
The first rule of writing:
Don't tell the reader what you're going to do....just do it!
Patching together summaries and quotations results in too little of your own thinking and analysis.
Working Introduction:

*Question/Commentary on Importance of Topic
*Brief summary of key points that you plan to expand on
*Thesis statement
Avoid road maps
Background Info

Define/explain topic

Place in historical or social context
Create a page for each major section of your paper; organizes information
Organization:

See variety of choices of paper order on pages 182 and 183
Plan Sections and Subsections

Spread out information
Look at your information

*Notice where more evidence is needed
*Are warrants needed?
*Have you responded to opposing arguments?
Chapter 13: Drafting Your Report


When it comes to drafting your paper, do what works best for you.
Paraphrasing:

Uses much of the same information in a source; more detailed info from the source
Summary:

Using only the main ideas from a source; summing up info as opposed to using source details
Direct Quotation Uses:

*The words are from a recognized authority backing up your reasons
*very original or expressive wording
*percentages, numbers
Use signal phrases to insert direct quotations into your text.

Brookheimer asserts that "25% of gun accidents occur within the home" (38).
Show readers why evidence is relevant

Introduce complex evidence with a sentence that explains its significance. In other words, what does it prove? Why does it matter?
Avoid plagiarism

Every summary, paraphrase, or direct quotation must be cited.
*Remember to put quotation marks around words that come from a source
*Do not use words so similar to the source that it is obvious you followed the source word for word
*Not only the words, but any ideas from a source must be cited.
Most cases of accidental plagiarism come from losing track of which are your words and which are from the sources.
1) Read the source
2) Look away
3) Think about the information
4) Put it in your own words
5) Check to see if you have changed the words enough
What is NOT cited in your paper?

*Ideas from your own mind
*Common knowledge

No citations in Introduction and Conclusion

Identify Key Concepts

Terms important for explaining and discussing the
various elements of your argument
Full transcript