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Elements and Principles of Design

For Photography 1 at HHS

Dani Cockrell

on 15 October 2010

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Transcript of Elements and Principles of Design

Double click anywhere & add an idea ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Lines PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN Balance Movement Rythm Pattern Emphasis Lines lead the eye of the viewer. The can appear to go on forever and create depth. They can also point to a subject. These are called leading lines.
Lines can add to the mood of the photo.
Horizontal lines convey peace, vertical lines imply strength, and diagonal lines create movement. Shape Shape is when the subject has a 2D aspect to it. The subject can be set against a contrasting background to enhance its shape. There is no roundness or "3D-ness". A silhouette shot taken with contrast brings out shape very well. Form Space Value Texture
Texture makes the photograph look more 'touchable'.
It adds to the '3D-ness'. Fur, clothing, rocks, and grass are examples of texture. Each have their own distinctive texture.
Texture should add to the strength of the subject. It also adds shape. Color can be used to accentuate or blend the subject in. Using contrasting colors, such as red on green, yellow on purple, and orange on blue, will bring out the warm colors. Cooler colors will recede into the background. Warm colors will have more red in them and cool colors will have more blue. Color has 3 aspects: its hue, its value, and its intensity. Value is the amount of white and black there is in a photo, the lighness and darkness. It is related to contrast. The subject looks like it is 3D or has volume.
Shade and lighting add to the overall effect. The area between or around the subject. The area around the subject or subjects is called 'negative space'. 'Positive space' is the area or shape that the subject presents itself in. Contrast Unity Contrast draws the eye and creates interest by mixing elements together. A black cat against a white blanket, a winding road amond tall straight trees, all mix elements that create interest. Movement makes the eyes move across the photo by using lines, color, shape, and shading to attract interest. Pattern is when an object, texture, or another element are repeated. Empasis uses focal points to grab interest and making one item stand out from among many others. Balance gives visual weight to the composition. The photo can be symmetrical or asymmetrical to grab attention. Light versus dark or bold versus neutral also does the job. Rythm repeats elements such as color, lines, shapes, and values to create movement. It is sort of a combination of pattern and movement. Unity has balance. The composition will use similar elemnts so that everything has its place. You will not find harsh lines among soft curves. Dani Cockrell Photo 1 3rd period
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