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Baroque and Roccoco Architecture

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Megan George

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Baroque and Roccoco Architecture

Baroque Architecture Baroque Era Begun in late 16th century Italy More Retorical and Theatrical Fashion Often Expresses triumph of the Catholic Church Expresses Dramatic Intensity Linked to the Counter Reformation Counter Reformation Also the (Catholic Revival) 1648 Response to the Protestant Reformation Composed of four major elements: 1. Ecclesiastical or structural reconfiguration
2. Religious orders
3. Spiritual movements
4. Political dimensions Accessible to emotions but also shows the power and wealth of the church Three principle architects: Sculptors Gianlorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini Painter Pietro de Cortona Precursors Michelangelo's late Roman
buildings Features In churches, broader naves and sometimes given oval forms
Fragmentary or deliberately incomplete architectural elements
dramatic use of light; either strong light-and-shade contrasts (chiaroscuro effects) or uniform lighting by means of several windows,
opulent use of colour and ornaments
Large-scale ceiling frescoes
An external façade often characterized by a dramatic central projection
the interior is a shell for painting, sculpture and stucco (especially in the late Baroque)
Illusory effects like trompe l'oeil and the blending of painting and architecture
Pear-shaped domes in the Bavarian, Czech, Polish, and Ukrainian Baroque Marian and Holy Trinity columns erected in Catholic countries, often in thanksgiving for ending a plague Rome and Southern Italy Malta Spain and Belgium Spanish America Portugal and Brazil France Netherlands England Holy Roman Empire Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Russia Scandanavia Hungary and Romania Turkey Rococo Architecture Rococo Era Also referred to as "Late Baroque"

18th Century Style

Developed as Baroque artists gave uo their symmetry and became more ornate, floral, and playful Important Rococo Artists Nicolas Pineau - started the Baroque designs with lighter elements, more curves, and natural patterns Antoine Watteau and Francois Boucher - Started
rococo style painting Borromini and Guarini - Rococo styles set the
tone in Turin, Venice, Naples, and Sicily Thomas Chippendale - transformed British furniture design William Hogarth - helped develop a theoretical foundation for Rococo beauty Features (Same as the Baroque Architecture) Only not always symmetric, more detailed, and elegant
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