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Peru: Beliefs, Values and Norms

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Mikayla Stanley

on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of Peru: Beliefs, Values and Norms

CLICK GO! I hope this look at the similarities and differences between Peru and the US provided assistance for your travels and gave helpful insight into the culture. TRAVELING TO
PERU WORK Peruvian citizens place high value in work, and most will hold jobs in agriculture. It is the norm that men will hold jobs, even though most of the pay is way below the poverty line. Peruvians believe that women will mostly not work, and will stay in the home. USA WORK In the United States, the value of working is similar to that in Peru. However, Americans believe that everyone has the right to work. This differs to the Peruvians, who believe that women must remain in the household.

A cultural misunderstanding could happen if a female goes to work in Peru. She may be looked down upon, and may be treated like she does not belong there. EDUCATION This is
what Peruvians
do to learn Education is highly valued in Peruvian culture, and children are required to complete 11 years of
school. The government in Peru believes that schooling should be free, and, therefore, provides education to everyone. Peruvians believe that you become a recognized citizen after completing primay school. Education Americans and Peruvians have similar values regarding education. Both cultures believe in free education up to a certain point, and both place high regards in gaining a degree in higher education.

A cultural misunderstanding is not likely to happen regarding education. HEALTH Healthcare in Peru is poor. Peruvians do not invest very much money on health per-person, and do not believe heath is a monentary priority. Also, discrimination causes women and the poor to not have good access to healthcare. Therefore, it is the norm in Peru to have poor health, especially if you are in a lower economic class. HEALTH People in the United States value healthcare, and spend a lot of money funding medical research. This differs from the culture in Peru, who spend very litte on medical care.

A cultural misunderstanding may happen if an American tries to get medical treatment in Peru. They may find that the quality of the care poor and it may be hard find quality doctors. Class System There isn't a strict class system in Peru, however, economic status is greatly valued in the society. Peruvians expect that power will be distributed unequally, and that interactions will
be vertical. They believe that power is to be given to those with better economic status, and is enforced by both those at the top and bottom. Women are also believed to be lower than men. The culture also puts value in different ethnicities, where rural and more native people are always believed to be lower class. CLASS SYSTEM There is a class system in America, like Peru, in which people of a higher economic class have more power than people in a lower economic class. However, people in lower classes in America interact with members of higher classes more easily in working environments than in Peru.

There may be a cultural misunderstanding in Peru if you are a member of a lower economic class and are expecting to be respected by a member of the Peruvian upper class. Family/Leisure Family in Peru is believed to be the most important aspect of life. The society is more collectivist, and values family and the group more than the individual. The Peruvian family provides purpose and unity in the cuture. Leisure activities often take place with the family, and the Peruvian people believe in spending any free time taking care of the group. The Peruvian family will often dance together or take trips to the market. FAMILY/ LEISURE In the United States, people tend to be more individualistic, leave the nuclear family at 18, and spend their leisure time doing things to benefit themselves. This is the opposite of what a Peruvian will value, who will tend to spend their time with the family.

A cultural misunderstanding could happen between an individual from the USA and a Peruvian if they expect a Peruvian to come out without consulting their family. This could especially happen if an American tries to date a Peruvian. RELIGION The predominate religion in Peru is Catholicism. Peruvians believe in freedom of religion, however most of the culture is Catholic. The people in Peru highly value the Catholic ideals, and use them in decision making in their government, education system, and everyday life. RELIGION American society values the seperation of church and state. This differs from Peru, where Catholic ideals infiltrate all aspects of their society, including their politics.

A cultural misunderstanding could occur if an American tries to openly practice another religion in Peru that contradicts Cathoilsm. A Peruvian might see this as a personal attatck. POLITICAL/CRIMINAL JUSTICE Peruvians value civil law that is set down by three branches of government (the president and council of ministers, the congress, and the supreme court of justice). The Peruvian people believe that justice must take place, and that punishment must happen in a court system in order for it to be fair and true. POLITICAL/CRIMINAL JUSTICE The United States and Peru share a similar criminal justice system, in which a series of courts inforce the law. Both American citizens and Pervian citizens believe that laws should be abided by. When they are not, justice should be served, and punishment should be decided by elected officials.

There should not be any cultural misunderstandings when dealing with criminal justice, as both cultures value lawfullness. What you need to know about the Peruvian Culture
and how it will differ from the American Culture. Working is highly regarded in Peru. Most of
the Peruvian citizens are agricultural workers,
and although their earnings are mostly below the
poverty line, most continue their work. Peruvian THANKS!
-Mikayla Stanley, Joseph Oswald,
Tiffany Day and Amy Marksberry Beliefs, Norms and
Full transcript