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Transcript of Yemassee
The Yemassee used resources found on the coast in their everyday lives. They used palmetto fronds (leaves), found near the coast, to build canoes and homes. They also used animal skins and bark to build their wigwams. Animal skins were also used to make clothing. Sea grass was also used to build baskets and clothes. The Yemassee used things such as oysters shells to make tool such as knives and spears.
The Yemassee originally lived in Florida, but when they were driven out they moved to the bottom corner part of South Carolina. They lived close to the mouth of the Savannah river. During the year they would migrate through the coastal zone
Relations With Other Nations
Though the Yemassee was not always considered a peaceful nation, they tried to get along with the other tribes of South Carolina since they had allowed them some land after they were driven out of Florida by the Spanish. They did, from time to time, trade with other tribes in the Carolina.
By: Catie and Sarah
The ancient Yemassee tribes often spoke Muskogean within the group. These Native Americans used to live in wigwams. During the summer the Yemassee lived near the coast but moved inland during the winter months. They made burial mounds to honor their dead much like we do.
The Yemassee would wake up early and the men and boys would go off and hunt or fish. The women and some of the men would stay behinds and work on the farm. The girls would work with the women and learn skills such as farming, cooking, and weaving. When the men came back from their hunt the women would cook the game. Depending on what day it is, where they are, or whats going on they might have some sort of ceremony at night.
Relations With Europeans
While still living in Florida and Georgia the Yemassee met a group of Europeans, the Spanish. When the Spanish tried to drive them out of their land. The Yemassee didn't want to leave so the two groups went to war. The Yemassee lost and were forced to flee to South Carolina. Because the Spanish had unfairly treated them, the Yemassee did not trust the British in South Carolina. This lead them into a war with the British and the Cherokee. The Yemassee thought that the Europeans were trying to take their land from them which made them mad.
Alliances/ Land Agreements
After driven out of their land in Florida, they made a land agreement with the tribes living in South Carolina, allowing them some land to live. For many years they lived there in peace. After the Yemassee war, more room for settlement was opened up for the British settlers.
For many years the Yemassee used the Combahee and Saltehatchie Rivers to fish in. They use to hunt animals such as deer and bear. When the Yemassee were living on the coast they would eat clams and oysters they caught in the ocean.
The Yemassee's politics are in some ways very similar to modern America's. They held councils that allowed both men and women. (something that took the new country of America a LONG time to allow.) The Yemassee's politics was also very similar to the politics of other tribes in South Carolina. They had a chief during a time of peace, and a chief during times of war. They also had a spiritual leader who was the tribe healer. There used to be a round community building in the center of town that was used for meetings.