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Transcript of TURKEY
Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. Turkey is situated mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia, and on East Thrace in Southeastern Europe; bordering the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west and the Mediterranean to the south.
The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.
Turkey's capital is Ankara, the second most populated city after Istanbul.
The Political System
Turkey is a parliamentary democracy. The head of State is the president who is elected by the Parliament. Actually president is 'Abdullah Gül' who was chosen the 28th August of 2007.
The legislature is in
the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, formed by 550 deputies.
The most representative symbols are:
The official coin of this country is 'The Turkish Lira', introduced for first time in 1844.
One euro is equivalent to two and a half lira.
Turkey's economy is a complex mix of services, modern industry and agriculture. It's defined as an emerging market economy. It's also one of the world's newly industrialized countries. The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances. In recent years, Turkey had a rapidly growing private sector, yet the state still plays a major role in industry, banking, transport, and communications.
In Turkey, the main means of transport between provinces are the buses are very modern, fast, clean and frequent.
The trains in Turkey are slow and they aren't used by local people. And their conditions have improved enough.
Air transport in Turkey competes with bus fares and travel time. All airlines make international flights, especially to Europe. The most important airport of the country is in Istanbul and it's called ''Atatürk''. It is situated 24 kilometers from the city and also in the european part of the city.
In recent years, Turkey has become a popular destination for tourism. In 2011, Turkey attracted more than 31.5 million foreign tourists, becoming the sixth most popular tourist destination in the world.
The city most visited by tourist compared to other is Istanbul. Ankara is not exactly a tourist town but you can visit museums and also it has an excellent cultural life.
Others of cultural attractions elsewhere in the country include the sites of Ephesus, Troy, , Konya (where the poet Rumi had spent most of his life), Church of Antioch, religious places in Mardin (such as Deyrülzafarân Monastery), the ruined cities,landscapes of Cappadocia and many more.
Istanbul is a metropolis between Asia and Europe in Turkey,between the Bosphorus in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. It's the largest City in Turkey. Istanbul is also the 3rd largest in the world and it's also the main trade center of Turkey. With a population of 11-15 million people.
Around two million tourists visit İstanbul every year to see all the historical and natural beauties of the City. It has a lot of historical mosques, churches and museums, for example:
the Blue Mosque
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is a historic mosque in Istanbul. It was built from 1609 to 1616 and it contains a tomb of the founder. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is still popularly used as a mosque.
The Galata Tower is a medieval stone tower , just to the north of the Golden Horn's junction with the Bosphorus. One of the city's most striking landmarks which offers a panoramic view of Istanbul. its height is 67 meters.
Hagia Sophia is a former Greek Orthodox basilica, later it was an imperial mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul.
It was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for approximately 400 years.
It is one of the largest and oldest markets in the world, with 61 covered streets and over 3,000 shops.
It's the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul. It was built to prevent damage to the city.
Located on the northwest corner of the cistern, the bases of two columns with the face of 'Medusa'