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Transcript of Middle Colonies
Geography and Climate
EQ: How did the climate and geography of this colonial region affect the economy?
Summers were long, with plenty of rain.
How might this help the economy?
It made it easier to grow crops.
Winters were mild.
How did the climate of the Middle Colonies differ from that of the New England Colonies?
How would you describe the geography of this land?
A: Flat plains with rolling hills.
The flat, grassy lands and warmer climate were good for growing crops which helped fuel the economy.
EQ: How did this colonial region make money? Consider resources and trade.
When colonists began to settle in the Middle Colonies, they began to notice that the farm land was rich and the soil was fertile. This was very different from the New England Colonies.
main differences between the New England Colonies and the Middle Colonies?
A: The soil of the New England Colonies was rocky, which made it very difficult to farm. The Middle Colonies had rich soil.
The Middle Colonies could make money farming; especially wheat. The New England Colonies' economy was fueled by ship building, logging, fishing and whaling.
Throughout the Middle Colonies, you could find an abundance of wheat fields. This colonial region became known as the breadbasket colonies.
Do you think you know why?
A: The main ingredient in bread is wheat!
Other crops could be found in this region as well. Corn and rye were the other two that were considered main crops. Colonists who grew crops or raised animals would travel to the market towns to trade for things they could not grow or make themselves. They could also shop at the local general store.
Port cities began to grow as more colonists moved into this colonial region. Port cities, like New York and Philadelphia, were along the coast with major rivers that flowed through the city. Traders could float their goods straight into these cities. Once there, they could board their goods on ships.
Why was it important for traders to have easy access to boarding their goods on ships on the Atlantic Coast?
A: Their goods could then be sold or traded in England. The Atlantic Ocean linked these two locations.
What is the difference between imports and exports?
ports are goods that come
a country from another place and
ports are goods that
it or leave one country to another. Imports are goods that are bought and exports are goods that are sold.
Do you remember what law England made about with whom the British Colonies could trade?
A: The British Colonies could only buy and trade their goods with England or other British Colonies.
What is the difference between an artisan and an apprentice?
A: An artisan is a craftworker, or someone who becomes skilled at a particular trade.
An apprentice is someone who lived with an artisan to learn their skill.
A: Rich, fertile soil made it easy for colonists to farm. Port cities like New York and Philadelphia helped fuel the economy.
Products and Crops
This is what you give up in order to buy what you want.
You really want a new tablet. Your parents tell you that they will not buy one for you, but they will allow you to do chores around the house to save up money for one.
One day you go to your grandparents house and they offer to pay you $20 to help them clean the garage.
The next weekend, you see your neighbor struggling to rake her leaves, so you offer to help. When you finish, she tells you that you did a great job and pays you $15.
After a few weeks have gone by, you count your savings and realize that you only need $25 to get the tablet that you really want.
The next day at school, your best friend invites you to go to the movies and out to eat. You two have been trying to convince your parents forever to let you go.
You ask your parents, and they tell you that you can, but you have to use your own money.
You add up the cost of the movie and dinner, and it's going to cost you at least $20. You have the money, but you're not sure if you want to spend it. Especially since you are so close to your goal.
Let's think about the costs and benefits.
The cost is what you will potentially lose.
The benefit is what you will potentially gain.
To pay for what you want, you will have to give up the chance to buy something else. This is called making a trade-off.
Discuss with an elbow partner what cost (what you will potentially lose) is if you choose to go to the movies.
Now discuss with your elbow partner what the benefit of going to the movie is. Is there a benefit?
What would you decide to do?
Now complete workbook page 57. Remember what cost, benefit, and trade-off as you make your economic choices.
In 1681, William Penn was given a charter by King Charles II. This charter made Penn the proprietor, or owner, of what is now Pennsylvania.
EQ: What kind of government did this colonial region have?
Penn wanted all people in the colony to live peacefully, regardless of if they were a Quaker or not.
How do you think he felt about Native Americans?
Penn wrote a Frame of Government of Pennsylvania. This plan set up a legislature called the General Assembly.
It gave citizens freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to a fair trial by jury.
How was this different than the New England Colonies?
He wanted Native Americans to be treated with justice.
What is justice?
A: In the New England Colonies, the rules were strict and the leaders wanted everyone to follow Puritan life.
What do you think a trial by jury is?
A: This is a group of citizens who decide if a person is guilty or innocent of committing a crime.
Penn later wrote the Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges, which allowed white male colonists to elect representatives to the Assembly.
How was this different than the New England Colonies?
A: In the New England Colonies, only white men who owned property could vote.
A: They had a representative government which gave its citizen rights and allowed white men to vote.
EQ: How would you describe the religions beliefs of this colonial region?
A: This colonial region had RELIGIOUS FREEDOM!
The Middle Colonies are known as the breadbasket colonies.
The Middle Colonies had RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.
Philadelphia was the busiest port city in the colonies.
The proprietor, or owner, of Pennsylvania.
King Charles II
English King who gained control of the Atlantic coast of North America.
Native American chief who established peaceful relations with William Penn and the Pennsylvania settlers.
He was a printer, scientist, writer and inventor who helped to improve the city of Philadelphia in many ways. He wrote Poor Richard's Almanack.