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Copy of Social, who me?
Transcript of Copy of Social, who me?
The categorization of homosexuals involved a process of pseudo-ethnographic work, in the vein of participant-observation, and coercive data-collection tactics.
This included mapping the environment: homes, hangouts, bars and clubs that gays/lesbians were assumed to reside. The RCMP were issued to enter these places undercover, follow and conduct surveillance (photography) of civil service employees who were in suspicion of being gay. (Fieldwork)
Furthermore, the RCMP was organized to intimidate, interrogate and incarcerate individuals who were believed to engage in homosexual activity. In order to be let go, one was forced to identify the friends/co-workers who they could partially identify as gay or else suffer legal consequences.
We're all connected
Queer*kwr(adj.; v.; n.)queer•er, queer•est(adj.)
strange or odd from a conventional viewpoint; unusually different; eccentric.of a questionable nature or character; suspicious; shady.not physically right or well; giddy, faint, or qualmish.mentally unbalanced or deranged.Slang: Usu. Disparaging and Offensive. homosexual. effeminate.Category: Psychiatry, Status (usage)Slang. bad, worthless, or counterfeit.
In repercussion to acknowledgements of espionage and covert agents of the Cold War/Soviet Union, fears about the loyalty and membership of Canadian officials/workers(serving within federal government departments, the military, civil services and the navy) initiated an undercover task force/research directive, led by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Homosexuals became the target of anti-communist and anti-soviet campaigns transitioning from late 1950’s to the early 1960’s.
February 5 1981
Code name for brutal police raids on several Gay bathhouses in Toronto
2nd largest mass arrest (298 Gay men and allies)
3000 people, both gay and allies took to the streets and rampaged in protest
February 20th mass protest gathering at Queen's Park
Toronto city council to commission an investigation into the relations between Toronto police and the Gay community
Resulting in a permanent dialogue committee between the two groups
May 6th Freedom Rally
Current Definition of Queer:
a) An umbrella term including anyone who wants to identify as queer and who feels somehow outside of the societal norms in regards to gender, sexuality or/and even politics.
b) A political statement, as well as a sexual orientation, which advocates breaking binary thinking and seeing both sexual orientation and gender identity as potentially fluid.
Transgender: People whose psychological self or gender identity, differs from the social expectations for the physical sex they were born with.
Intersexed: People born with "sex chromosomes," external genitalia, or internal reproductive systems that are not considered "standard" for either male or female.
Two - Spirited: American Indian/First Nations/Native American persons who have attributes of both men and women, have distinct gender and social roles in their tribes and are often involved in mythical rituals.
Pansexual: A person who is fluid in sexual orientation and/or gender or sex identity.
Asexual: A person who is not sexually attracted to any gender.
departments of national defense
and external affairs were
by security officials as vulnerable to subversion.
Dismissals of homosexuals
In the two decades that followed, every homosexual in the civil service had reason to fear discovery and dismissal as hundreds of people were fired or transferred.”
(Kinsmen, 1995, Pg 140)
This involved a hegemonic heterosexual construction of gays/lesbians as a ‘social problem’, as violators of sexual boundaries, or lacking morals/ethics.
Assumptions of homosexuals as having an 'inherent character weakness', and a susceptibility to compromise/blackmail’ pushed forth an ideology sparking a system of observation/detection.
TRACING THE MOVEMENT
The RCMP with a lack of regard for upholding equality or fairness, in a sense were the the enforcers of oppression and categorization. There were obvious biases and prejudices that fed into the inadequate knowledge production about homosexuality. The production of stereotypes by departments of national defense, display the politics of representation, showing ill-regard for the well being of its citizens and diversity in the community. Perceptions and homophobia via national dissemination/discriminatory protocol allows for recognition of ethnocentrism.
The extension of inquiry towards ‘suspected’ or ‘known’ homosexuals in federal institutions brought forth a wave of unjust dismissals and the need for a system to capture individuals more ‘scientifically’.
Thus what is known as ‘
the Fruit Machine
’ was set in motion. It was a machine designed to detect the pupil dilation in response to visual stimulus as a sign to indicate erotic excitement, as though there were a divisive characteristic between hetero/homosexual consciousness. In addition to the machine itself were surveys constructed to gage whether an individual was gay. The questions were framed in a way that was to constitute and perpetuate assumptions about homosexuality.
Despite efforts attempting to flush out hidden identities, there were many holes in the technology/direction of psychological testing/limited in its volunteers, and an inconsistency within the research that diminished the results and thus the fruit machine was dismantled shortly after its conception.
The LGBTQ movement has come a long way!
Stand Together: Part 6
In the Canadian Military/Civil Service
“The Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario (CLGRO) is an organization composed of groups and individuals who are committed to working towards feminism and bisexual, lesbian, and gay liberation by engaging in public struggle for full human rights, by promoting diversity and access, and by strengthening cooperative networks for lesbian, gay, and bisexual activism.”
Change: In the Name of Human Rights
Entrenched through Legality and Medicalization
REASONS TO DISSOLVE:
Drastic reduction in memberships
Challenged issues no longer deemed as immediate issue, thus making it hard to mobilize people in the community
A loss of identity as a coalition. As most activist groups aligned with the CLGRO no longer exist for them to align with.
In addition to presumptions about character weakness and potential for black mail, understandings of “drunkenness, adultery, and ‘promiscuity’.. became increasingly homosexualized in the discussions and practices of the security regime”
(Kinsmen, 1995: 145)
The driving force behind hostile authority included Dangerous Sexual Offender Legislation enacted in 1961, which permitted the reprimand and imprisonment of individuals based on assumptions or ‘proven’ discovery of homosexual activity. Homosexuals in this instance were categorized as sexual psychopaths
Law and Security Campaigns in this aspect became intentionally debilitating and served to work against the ‘queer’.
Virtual Think Tank
Website Blog Twitter and Facebook
Volunteers & Students
Online Provincial Representation
Office Space & Phones
Volunteer & Paid Administrators
Minimal Provincial Representation
Hard Copy Material
Questions for Discourse
Queer Ontario's Vision
“To foster a society free of social and systemic oppression where gender and sexually diverse people have the freedom and autonomy to live their lives as they see fit; a society that celebrates and protects diversity of expression and choice.”
Coffee house discussions
Collective Activist Groups
Four Member-Elected "Members at Large"
The Committee Appointed Chairs
The Chair: Nick Mulé (2015)
The Vice-Chair: Davina Hader (2014)
The Treasurer: Richard Hudler (2014)
The Secretary: AJ Lowik (2015)
The Steering Committee
Four Member-Elected "Coordinators"
Non-Earmarked Member 1: Alana Boltwood (2014)
Non-Earmarked Member 2: Brian De Matos (2015)
Outside-of-Toronto Member 1: Denise Freedman (2015)
Outside-of-Toronto Member 2: (Vacant)
Events Committee: Dwayne Shaw
Volunteer Outreach Committee: Peter Morris
1. Provide a queer liberationists voice in Ontario & Beyond
2. Critically exam, Deconstruct, Analyze & Provide alternative solutions to issues and laws affecting queer populations
3. To provide public education to the general public on issues of importance to the queer communities and queer movement through a queer liberationists lens
4. To undertake political actions of various means to advocate for change that will benefit the lives of queer people
5. To engage in coalition building with other groups involved in anti-oppression work towards social justice
Encouraging members to bring their voices to Ottawa’s Parliament hill in support of the We (still) Demand movement - Demanding changes to the discriminatory laws that then restricted the lives of gay men and women.
Formally Questioning the Minister of Education and Ontario Premier on implications of the Accepting Schools Act
The “NO MORE SHIT!” Installations, in remembrance of the 1981 bathhouse riots in Toronto.
Still a demonstration, but with more CELEBRATION: of history, courage, and diversity!
Bringing an issue which was previously "in the closet" into the public realm.
-commercialized (corporate support)
-sustainable: this year marks the 33rd Annual Pride Parade!
-tourist attraction: 1.2 million spectators and participants
A SIGN OF CHANGING ATTITUDES
Some public officials and authorities DO NOT advocate for LGBTQ interests...
Actions (or lack thereof) speak volumes!
The refusal of those in authority to symbolically support marginalized communities can be taken as an extension of old hegemonic patterns.
When LGBTQ activists deal with authority figures....
-using violence as a tactic may not be as useful as PUTTING PRESSURE on the government.
-Publicly exposing and shaming officials is a non-violent way to express dissatisfaction
“We don’t carry picket signs outside Queen’s Park, but we rally in different ways. We set up a Facebook page and YouTube channels… "
-Tyler Johnson, queer advocate
-The internet has changed the way that people communicate.
-There are a number of pros and cons to contemporary online activism
-One theory: "Online activism could become a
substitute for offline protest."
What does this mean?
RISKS OF INCREASED ONLINE ACTIVISM
Eliminates face-to-face contact
Skews power: who controls the technology?
Problem of reliability, censorship and control
Introduces new venues for opposition and counter-action
BENEFITS OF ONLINE ACTIVISM
Previously inward communication is turned OUTWARD: increased accessibility
Multi-directional and interactive (less hierarchical, more community mediation)
Can organize people on a global scale, and locally
Overcomes time/space barriers
Enables information to be shared when other media lacks coverage
Information can be spread while bypassing institutionalized censorship and opposition
ONLINE TOOLS AND RESOURCES
Automatic translating services.
Servicios de traducción automáticas.
Автоматический перевод услуг.
Sjálfvirk þýða þjónustu.
Link with supportive groups and organizations
Calendars of events
Maps with meeting points
-link to videos
A Voice for Queer Ontario
LGBTQ Getting the message across in a virtual space.
-put pressure on gov't and regulations
-Drawback: non anonymous. Requires the surrender of personal information.
-Organize a large number of people who connect to a website all at once
-Goal is to jam the website so that others cannot log on.
-Somewhat like establishing a roadblock.
-Sending a large volume of e-mails to overload a server.
-Critique: "eventual success does not depend on the quality of the arguments"
So how effective is online activism really?
-unfortunately, online tactics are "often ignored by those they are directed against".
-Is clicking 'like' on facebook likely to invoke change?
-Arguably the efforts of online activism MUST be provocative enough to grab the attention of traditional media in order to get the word out.
The internet is an indispensable tool for connecting today's LGBTQ community.
-in many cases, online involvement leads to offline activism!
-"online petitioners are more likely to be offline petitioners and boycotters... while net-strikers have a more varied (mainly unconventional and radical) repertoire of action"
-There is a new assumption/expectation that an organization will be linked up to social media. Methods must stay relevant!
Although the internet is a virtual space, the impacts of online activism that manifest “in real life” can be substantial and powerful.
Given the dubious presumptions of homosexuality, and building antagonisms arising in Canada, a Lesbian and Gay-Rights collective began to grow. Seeking liberation, gay activism on a Canadian scale could find strength within the broader scope of the civil rights movement across the 1960’s into the 1970’s.
Advocacy and activism on part of the lesbian/gay community, began in adminstration/information lines/counseling. Their message through ‘zapping’, protest and demonstration proved important as it was understood that there needed to be a civil rights strategy.
The Coalition for Gay Rights in Ontario, which is now known as Queer Ontario helped was a strong force in the commencement of a province wide movement.
Join the LGBTQ movement!
“Homosexuality (especially between men) was officially viewed as a threat to discipline and beaurcpatic hierarchy. This was especially the case in military and in para-military forms of organization like police where heterosexual masculinity was a major organizing ideology.
Fighting men were identified with heterosexual masculinity, not with homosexuals who were visualized as ‘gender inverts’ and not ‘real men’" (Kinsmen, 1995, Pg 139)
“In the military, lesbianism was seen as a threat to the ‘proper’ femininity of female recruits and the policing of ‘lesbianism’ was a way of regulating the activities of all women in these institutions. In the armed forces there were policies and procedures for excluding and disposing of ‘sex deviates’. (Kinsmen, 1995, Pg 139)
, there was an amendment to Canada’s criminal code, but this only led to a partial decriminalization of certain homosexual acts, in a very limited context.
The ultimate goal was to have sexual orientation written under Canada's Bill of Rights
which served to protect all individuals from discrimination.
Over the next decade was an amounting push for gay rights and the adoption of inclusionary legislation. Coalitions saw human rights as an end in themselves, as a means to community build, to mobilize/politicize people, increasing awareness about extent of anti-gay oppression.
The focus was to maintain attainable goals with the potential for victory which was important for the movement, even if the victory is merely symbolic, it builds momentum.
Stand Together: Documentary
Has this dynamic changed, or are the methods of admission more covert? Is there a solution?
Is law the answer to equality?