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Organizational Leadership

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Organisational Psychology

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of Organizational Leadership

History of Leadership
What is Leadership ?
Current issues in Practices
Directions for the future
Organizational Leadership
?
Great Man Theory
Situational Theory
Leadership Styles
Kurt Lewin
Inherit greatness

individualistic

usually male
This theory suggest that leaders are made from the right "stuff".
Autocratic

Do it your self
Gives instruction with great detail


Pro's
efficient


Con's
can be time consuming
not relevant for every little task
Democratic

Lines of communication are open
encourages sharing

Pro's
encourages employees
improves confidence

Con's
discourages employees to improve their creativity and efficiency
Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard
Consideration

(people orientated behavior)
emphasizes trust
respect
warmth
concern
support
Rapport
Intuitive

(tasked orientated behavior)
emphasizes goals
deadlines
task assignment
high performance startdards
"Ability to influence a group towards achievement of goals"
Transformational
Leadership
Whats the difference between a charismatic leader and a transformational leader..
Charismatic:
interpersonal appreciation
high need for power
high self confidence
excellent verbal skills
very compassionate about own ideas

Transformational:
try to change there followers views
they challenge
try to inspire with a scene of purpose
inspire people to want to change
Globally
Hong Kong is a powerhouse for exceptional leadership
Xerox
developed in 1970's
local area networks
personal computers
window based programming
mouse
Improving organizational Leadership
"Leaders will need to demonstrate a different set of behaviors"
4 Key Revolutions
1.Agility
2. Authenticity
3. Talent
4. Sustainability
Leadership pipeline model
Leadership strategy
"Leadership strategy supports the effective implementation of a organizations business strategy without the right leadership organizational strategies will remain as ink on paper"
By Sonia, Katia and Renee
WHAT IS EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE?

The ability to perceive, understand and manage your own emotions, and the emotions of others.

Non-cognitive capabilities, competencies and skills that influence your ability to succeed in coping with demands and pressures.

HOW IS IT MEASURED?

The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory

Designed by Dr Reuven Bar-on
Consists of 5 composite scales and 15 sub scales

The term was developed by psychologists John Mayer and Peter Salovey of Yale University.

Dr Reuven Bar-On, worked independently on his concept of Emotional Quotient (EQ)

Journalist, Daniel Goleman wrote the first best-selling book on the subject, “Emotional Intelligence – Why it matters more than IQ”

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Female leaders are perceived in a less positive manner in comparison to male leaders

Female leaders stuggle to achieve high status’ in the work place

Role Congruity Theory
(Eagly and Karau, 2002)

Deterrence- Based Trust

Most fragile relationships
Based of fear of reprisal

Knowledge-Based Trust:

Knowledge of employees
Able to utilise knowledge to predict behviour
Trust is enhanced as a result of constant communication and regular interaction

Identification-Based Trust:

The highest level of trust is achieved as a result of an emotional connection
Each party can effectively act for the other
Minimal Control
Ideal trust level within a team

3 Types of Trust

Trust is a primary attribute associated with leadership.

Why Trust in Our Leaders is in Decline?

Downsizing
Increase of temp staff
Restructure

TRUST

Contemporary roles in leadership
Trust and Leadership
Gender and Leadership
Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN ORGANISATIONAL LEADERSHIP

A by-product of emotions such as self-confidence, optimism, independence and enthusiasm

To trust that these emotions are valuable because they create strong relationships between organisations, customers and their employees which, at the end of the day create a real competitive advantage for any business, and

That these emotions can be developed and used intelligently to solve problems, create products and deliver superior performance.

Effective leadership in the workplace is…

1. Intrapersonal
Self Regard
Emotional Self Awareness
Assertiveness
Independence
Self Actualisation

2. Interpersonal
Empathy
Social Responsibility
Interpersonal Relationships

3. Adaptability
Reality Testing
Flexibility

4. Problem Solving
Stress Management
Impulse Control

5. General Mood
Happiness
Optimism

Bar-On EQI

“Theorists now perceive female leadership styles as assets in light of team-based management, and increased globalization” (Oakley 2000)

Great interest to researchers in the fields of psychology, management, and sociology

Women are now assuming more leadership roles

When leaders of an organization comprise of both women and men the organization benefits

GENDER

Team Leader
Liasons with external constituencies
Conflict managers
Coaches

Mentor
A senior employee who sponsors and supports a less-experienced employee
Coaching
Counselling

Self-leadership
Encourages employees to create development goals
Encourages the use of self-reward to strengthen desirable behaviours
Create postitive thought patterns
Encourage self-criticism

Online Leaders
The leader of a virtual team
Good communication is imperative
Use of technology to assist in building relationships with distant employees
Must choose a style

Contemporary roles in leadership

Can you name these women?

HOMEMAKER

VERSUS

BREADWINNER

Stereotypes

Pictures taken from Google Images

Can you name these men?
Full transcript