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The War Ends
Transcript of The War Ends
Sherman's "March to the Sea"
After burning Atlanta, Sherman continued to have fun. In his famed "march to the sea" he went on to Savannah, Georgia, all the way destroying farms, factories, and railroad lines.
Slaves fled their owners and joined his roving army. For them, Sherman represented freedom.
On April 2, 1865, Robert E Lee was forced to desert Richmond due to lack of supplies and deasease. Jefferson Davis and his government fled.
Two days later, Lincoln arrived at the capital. He sat down in Davis' chair and "looked far off with a dreamy expression."
"Thank God I have lived to see this. It seems to me that I have been dreaming a horrid nightmare for four years, and now the nightmare is over."
Surrender at Appomattox
With the fall of Richmond, Lee's forces were surrounded. Some of his men wanted him to break up the army and fight a guerilla war, but Lee wanted to admit defeat like a gentleman.
In the town of Appomattox, Virginia, Lee and Ulysses S. Grant met in the courthouse. Grant allowed Lee's men to keep their guns and horses as long as they went home. Lee agreed. The war was all but over.
The Toll of War
FUN HISTORY FACT!?
Wilmer McLean (May 3, 1814 – June 5, 1882) was an American wholesale grocer from Virginia. His house near Manassas, Virginia was involved in the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861. After the battle he moved to Appomattox, Virginia.
In 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in McLean's house in Appomattox. His houses were, therefore, involved in one of the first and one of the last encounters of the American Civil War.
Later, McLean is supposed to have said "The war began in my front yard and ended in my front parlor"