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Social Change & Gender Roles: Abuse
Transcript of Social Change & Gender Roles: Abuse
- lowers victim's self-esteem Causes:
- suicide Physical Abuse Within Domestic Violence Sexual Abuse Causes:
- broken bones
- internal bleeding
- emotional stress The stereotype is that men are the abusers and women are the victims Considerations of homosexual couples In this situation, both partners are the same sex, this means the abuser would not have to be a man. The existence of female abusers and male victims are rare but still needed to be considered. Females are less likely to be a physical abuser, but they can be responsible for economic as well as emotional abuse. All states made "wife beating" illegal by 1920. However, only since the 1970s has the criminal justice system begun to treat domestic violence as a serious crime. Among the persons killed by an intimate partner, about three quarters are female, and about a quarter are male: in 1999, in the US, 1,218 women and 424 men were killed by an intimate partner, regardless of which partner started the violence and of the gender of the partner. In the US, in 2005, 1181 females and 329 males were killed by their intimate partners Women are also much more likely than men to enlist help if they wish to kill their spouse; but such multiple-offender homicides are not counted toward domestic-violence statistics Women are much more likely to be murdered by an intimate partner, in comparison to men. Among the people killed by an intimate partner, about three quarters are female, and about a quarter are male. Researcher Michael Kimmel found that violence is instrumental in maintaining control and that more than 90 percent of "systematic, persistent, and injurious" violence is perpetrated by men. Lenore Walker presented the model of a Cycle of abuse which consists of three basic phases: Tension Building Phase
Characterized by poor communication, tension, fear of causing outbursts. During this stage the victims try to calm the abuser down, to avoid any major violent confrontations.
Characterized by outbursts of violent, abusive incidents. During this stage the abuser attempts to dominate his/her partner(victim), with the use of domestic violence.
Honeymoon/Calm & Penance Phase
Characterized by affection, apology, and apparent end of violence. During this stage the abuser feels overwhelming feelings of remorse and sadness. Some abusers walk away from the situation, while others shower their victims with love and affection.
Repeats again Timeline: 1974, the first shelter for battered women was established.
During the 70s and earlier on, police would investigate domestic disturbances by getting the story separately from those involved. The police would calm them down and threaten them with arrest and leaves with a warning. By the 1990s, the law enforcement community started to view Domestic Violence as the serious problem that it really is. Police protocol changed and arrest (of only one of the parties) became "the preferred response" to Domestic Violence calls. INDEFINITE In 2007, statistics begin to recognize abuse toward men