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Transcript of LEADERSHIP
There are three unique Leadership styles that each have their own different way of leading a group;
*Authoritarian, Democratic, Laissez-faire.
'a leadership style in which the leader dictates policies and procedures, decides what goals are to be achieved, and directs and controls all activities without any meaningful participation by the subordinates.’
*An Example of a Authoritarian Leader would be Kim Jong-Un
’Involves a team guided by a leader where all individuals are involved in the decision-making process to determine what needs to be done and how it should be done. The group's leader has the authority to make the final decision of the group.’
*An Example of a Democratic Leader would be Martin Luther King
‘A non-authoritarian leadership style. Laissez faire leaders try to give the least possible guidance to subordinates, and try to achieve control through less obvious means. They believe that people excel when they are left alone to respond to their responsibilities and obligations in their own ways.'
*George H.W Bush is an example of someone who portrays the leadership style Laissez-faire.
An example of when I showed this Leadership Style was on Monday 11th May 2015 when my group and I teached 1001 Kickball, but for us it was our second lesson teaching a group of girls our activity and therefore we had previous knowledge of how to get the girls attention and have them fully involved by being more firm and clear with what we want them to do during our activity.
Some of the girls were socialising rather than listening to me as I explained our lesson and what our goal was for them for our 15 minute lesson, but once I pointed out the girls who were talking and had them listen to what I had to say, I could see throughout the activity the difference between my second lesson teaching a junior class and the first lesson we did in terms of their involvement in the game with their peers. By doing this the girls had no choice but to listen to the other leaders and I.
During my first lesson of teaching a junior class a skill/game was on Friday 8th May 2015.
I worked together with a group member, where I was able to get the girls who we were taking for the activity to give their opinions whether they were fine with what we were teaching them and I made sure that they were all involved.
Reference: Leadership Reflection Log
Discuss the use of each principle applied , and whether you would use them again when in a position of Leadership differently or the same. Why?
The Leadership principle that applies to this specific Leadership Style when taught during this lesson is Collaborative Leadership. Collaborative Leadership is when you are collaborating with a team by sharing responsibilites within your team, both knowledge and info you gain and encouraging the development of ideas that fit each situation you are in inorder to achieve your overall team goal.
An Example of when I displayed this particular Leadership style was on Friday 8th May which my group and I had our first lesson in teaching 1025 a skill within the game 'Kickball' for 15 minutes. Because this was our first time taking a 15 minute lesson with Junior Students it was kind of difficult to teach them especially since a majority of them were really good friends therefore there was a high chance that they would get distracted more easily than compared to those who weren't in similar teams as their friends. Because of that it was hard for me to grab their attention when I was explaining very briefly of How to play 'kickball' and the rules of the game.
Since it was our first Leadership session I think that we had let them off more easily than our second lesson because we were just getting to know the girls and didn't think that we would be taking them for a second lesson the folowing week. After a few attempts at talking to them in groups through out the 15 minute session, they slowly begun to listen to us and ask us for assistance of how to get the opposite team out and also offering us a few suggestions of getting the girls out e.g Hitting them below the waist with the ball after they have kicked the ball because some of the girls would stall and stand behind the cone not attempting to run to the Fat mat. When the girls who didn't run after kicking the ball, I took it upin myself in order to move the game around faster and to allow all girls to have a turn fielding and kicking by counting down from 5 as it gave the juniors no choice but to run unless they wanted to get out.
The Leadership principle that applies to this specific Leadership Style when taught during our first Leadership session is Distributive Leadership. Distributive Leadership"Is primarily where people within a team and organisation share leadership. This Differs from ‘Collaborative Leadership’ in that followers are viewed as leaders in their own right.
A distributed model of leadership is one premised upon the interactions between many leaders rather than the actions of an individual. "
An example of when I showed this Leadership Style throughout this PE Topic was when Shayla, MJ and I took our class to the Wellington Botanical Garden for a Scavenger Hunt. This was our most recent and last lesson in which I personally feel I portrayed this Leadership style.
I displayed this leadership style throughout the 50 minute lesson, as it was easy on my part since I only had to walk around with the group that I was assigned to watch in order to make sure they weren't cheating and using their devices to look up some answers for the questions and riddles we gave them.
It was tempting to give the girls the answer when they would ask me whether or not their answer was correct. But I decided not to give them the answer as it would be good for them to work as a team and come up with the answers themselves rather than have me give them the answers and make this activity easier for them, therefore not allowing them to communicate with one another and get to know eachother better throughout our activity. Because of this they each gave positive feedback about my groups activity and how they enjoyed the fact that although our Idea was similar to another groups, our questions and riddles were all based within the same area of the Botanical Gardens.
The Leadership principle that applies to this specific Leadership Style when taught during our first Leadership session is Situational Leadership. Situational Leadership is when you are trying to make your leaadership style fit the needs of those who are following you rather than the follower adapting to your leadership style. Those who lead an organisation with this kind of style assume that people are more likely to excel in their work when they don't have someone who is constantly lookingover their shoulder and wanting things done their way and not any other way.
Successful or Problematic
Successful or Problematic
Successful or Problematic
Compare and Contrast the effectiveness of each Principle used and Why.
Reflection: Improvements for each principles I used.
Strength as a leader. Consider any future improvements to become a more effective leader. How you would go about doing this.
Advice for future leaders.
I feel that our session went well in terms of the girls in the group that I overlooked gave feedback and their opinion on our Activity.
Example; They felt that our Activity was fun and slightly more easier because each of our questions and answers to them were held nearby one another and didn’t require a lot of running here and there. They also enjoyed the riddles and how they got you really thinking about it.
We could have used our time more wisely and had all team members contributing and fully participating instead of relying on one team member.
Reference: Leadership Reflection Log
-It is more malleable (can easily adapt to different changes that occur)
-It is a principle in which we can be more open to ideas and suggestions from everyone within the group (when necessary)
-Each role isn't limited to their allocated responsibilities
I would most likely use this principle if I were in a position that suggest I lead a group, because I am more comfortable in leading a group when I have other supporters and members that can back me up in my explanations and demonstrations.
-It allows for you to lead a group a new skill etc, but while leading them they too can lead you e.g Give advice
I wouldn't use this Leadership principle if I was in a position of Leadership mostly because I feel more comfortable and at ease when working with a group that I know is open to my suggestions that can benefit the entire team in which my responsibilties isn't limited to the role I have been given but to all the members of the group (Collaboration).
-It allows you to work around the environment that you are currently in easily.
-Changes that are necessary can be made without any negative consequences (Sometimes)
I think that this Leadership principle is useful and would be beneficial to me next time in a position where I need to lead a group to reach a goal.
This Leadership principle can be thought of as similar to the Leadership Principle of Distribution, but it has several differences that separates it from the other Leadership that people will label as the same. One thing that Collaborative Leadership does differently to Distributive Leadership is that it is a principle that allows you to work with a group and share ideas and collaborate them together to answer or reach your groups goal. Its also a very open role in which any other role within the group can help contribute to another individuals success. So this leadership principle is more team work based.
The effectiveness of this principle is really useful as it can be applied to activities that require teaching a big group as you can split them into smaller groups and have each member of the team take one group and teach them or talk/demonstrate to them the skill that your team have as a goal to teach. It will also allow them the chance to speak to the group and lead them in the activity individually.
Next time when applying this principle to a activity as a leader within the group, I think that it would be best if we separated the group into two teams and I could have taught one of the groups the skill we as leaders wanted them to learn then utilise in a game of 'Kickball' so that we could have a chance to talk one on one with each individual briefly to get their advice on how we could improve or make the game more fun. It would have also sped up each individuals understanding of the skill, so that they have more time to apply what they've learnt into the game.
I think that I would need to work on being more direct and firm when talking to a group of students so that they know straight away that we intend on having them learn something within the activity. It will also benefit me as a leader because I know that If I was like that the first session the girls would've payed more attention throughout the entire session rather than the last 30min.
Next time I think it wouldv'e been better if we had a back-up plan for either the questions or the entire activity just in case something happened causing us to have to change our activity to adapt to the changes around us.
I found that by using this specific leadership principle it was very successful and useful because I was teaching a group of girls who were a few years younger than me a skill within the game of 'Kickball' and that because of the small age gap between the girls and I knew it would have been harder to get them to pay attention and focus on us Seniors.
Collaborating with other girls in my group made it more easier for me to get the girls attention as they were all in the same boat as me and were trying to get the girls to listen to what we have planned for that session.
I would say that it was alot easier to talk to the juniors because we had them for our first session therefore we knew how to put them in their teams in order to split them away from their friends and pay attention more.
Images, Videos & Defintions
I think that it was hard teaching the juniors a skill within the game of 'Kickball' this particular session as it was the first session we taught the girls causing us to have to get know the girls a bit. We got to know them through our warm-up game of 'Chuck the Chicken' and I was able to see how each girl involved herself within the game. It was only difficult because one of the group members wasn't there for our groups first leadership session, so it was hard working with one of the other girls who showed up to lead the girls.
The one thing that stood out to me that was difficult for me, was demonstrating to the girls how to execute a near perfect and controlled kick when we roll the ball towards them, because they were all talking over the top of me. This caused them to ask me to repeat the instrutions over again. Because I had them each just quick the ball however they choose when MJ rolled it to them. Then I demonstrated to them how we want them to kick ball by using the side of the foot where it allows them to be able to control the direction and power they wanted to put into when kicking the ball.
To be able to work within the environment and setting that we were in, I think was easy for the girls to adapt to when changes for the activity was necessary such as; taking one of the questions out due to unforeseen circumstances causing the girls to be unable to find the answer for it but because it wasn't a essential question that had to be answered it was an easy decision to take it out of the activity and have the girls continue with what they were doing. I know that the change we made during the activity shouldn't have hindered the girls overall performance as I saw it didn't delay them from answering other questions on the sheet.
List of Leadership Principles:
"Style of leadership in which the leader identifies the needed change, creates a vision to guide the change through inspiration, and executes the change with the commitment of the members of the group"- Buisness Dictionary
"Empowerment is based on the idea that giving employees skills, resources, authority, opportunity, motivation, as well holding them responsible and accountable for outcomes of their actions, will contribute to their competence and satisfaction".-Buisness Dictionary
An advice that I would give is that patience is key to a successful lesson for both parties especially if it is your first time teaching a group no matter how big or small it is. Due to the varied personalities of each individual because they will each take in what you are teaching them differently e.g Visual learner, Audio learner, Kinesthetic leaner etc. And so some times you may have to cater to the majority of the groups learning style in order to move forward with your development as a leader.
Reflect on how your experiences matched or were different from what your research suggested you might expect.
Adams, J. Q. (2013, September 27). [Az Buisness Leaders]. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/
ntz=1&usg=AFQjCNE1a5cHInKaOZStNQ5QiF3LBZQ4eg (Slide 21: Image)
Mandela, N. (2014, November 5). Lead from the back [Illustration]. Retrieved from
Hogan, J. (2014, September 15). Inspiring leadership quotes [Illustration]. Retrieved from
Guardian, T. (2015, May 22). North Korea. Retrieved from The Guardian website (Slide 4: Image)
Committee, A. F. S. (n.d.). American Friends Service Committee. Retrieved from American Friends
Service Committee website (Slide 6:Image)
Encyclopedia, W. F. (n.d.). George H.W Bush. In W. F. Encyclopedia (Author), Wikipedia. Retrieved
July 1, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_H._W._Bush
Authoritarian Leadership Style
Democratic Leadership Style
Laissez-faire Leadership Style
Situational Leadership Principle
Transformational Leadership Principle
OBHR, B. (2014, July 1). Transactional leadership [Video file]. Retrieved from: Youtube
Transacational Leadership Principle (Slide 23)
Flowers, A. (2015, February 6). Distributive leadership [Video file]. Retrieved from: Youtube
Distributive Leadership Principle (Slide 12)
DreamTeamDragonsUnlimited, D. (2013, May 19). Are you a leader? [Video file]. Retrieved from: Youtube
PE300 CAMP Miss Moli: Two videos on slide 14 (22nd May 2015) *Scavenger Hunt
Distributive leadership compared to Collabration leadership is recognised as similar leadership principles as mentioned above. This leadership is based upon the contribution from each member and how they share the work load. And that each members of the group are all leaders as they are all equal.
The effectiveness of this principle is that it can be of great use if you know when it is the appropriate time to use it so that it can have be of greater use and benefit to yourself and those around you.
Situational leadership can be seen as a leadership in which it helps shapes the followers of a group through their own independence. By allowing them to work by themselves, which is a great principle to apply in a activity for the first few sessions to see whether they can pick out any mistakes or problems they come across. And if they do they can go to an authority figure when they need to ask for help or guidance.
This principle is very useful as it can allow people to work independently .
"Lead from the back, and let others believe they are in the front."
My experiences for each activity that I have led in a group have matched a majority of what I have been taught within the theory lessons we had.
Such as the definition of what each leadership style was; Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez-faire. Each leadership style was better seen for me personally through both members in my group and myself. They were each recognised through various leadership led sessions e.g PE300 Camp: Scavenger Hunt activity in Botanical gardens, Kickball leadership led sessions, and Volleyball.
*By organsing myself ahead of time so that you wouldn't have to stress or worry about any last minute changes as it shouldn't have a big effect on you activity/ performance.
*This is similar to being prepared as it can show your contribution and commitment to your group through how well your activity goes and it will show through the feedback given by those who have involved themselves in your activity
*You can do this by planning an activity that you would thoroughly enjoy leading, demonstrating and organising.
*You can do this by making sure that you have a back up plan just incase something unexpected happens causing you to change your activity to work around the obstacle or change the entire activity altogether.
*This means involving yourself in the activity through demonstration of the skill or game. And filling in a spot if theres not enough people present for the game tto be successful.
*This means being direct and decisive when talking to the group that you are to lead in the activity.
-Be willing to accept feedback and new ideas
*You can do this by asking people for advice on how to improve your activity so that you can apply them to future activities that you will plan and organise
"Leadership style in which a leader transfers decision making power to one or more employees, but remains responsible for their decision"
In conclusion by applying each of the three leadership principles taught in my theory lessons I was able to learn what each principle was and how to apply them to the activities I involved myself in to display leadership.
Each principle applied (Collaborative, Distributive and Situational) were all applied differently by all members of my group through various leadership opportunities.