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The Architectural Elements and Principles of an Interior Space

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Reham Abdellatif

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of The Architectural Elements and Principles of an Interior Space

(1)
Design Vocabulary

Form is the spatial definition of a thing, its
extent in one, two, or three dimensions.
In mathematics,
form is spoken of in terms of point, line, and plane.
In
design, we speak of line, shape, and volume.
Form
Texture is the surface quality of an item. It’s how something feels when touched, or looks like it would feel if touched.
Texture
Color is described with the words hue, value, and intensity.

Hue refers to the name of the color red or blue, for example.

Value tells the lightness or darkness of a hue.

Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a hue.
Colour
Space is the infinite extension of a three-dimensional
field.

Not only is space the realm where shape and
volume exist, but it also determines their aesthetic
qualities.
Space
The natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible
Light
The elements of design provide a framework for problem solving in the design process. Form, texture and color are the components brought together to create an environment.
(3)
Physical Elements
of an
Interior Space

(2)
Principles of
Interior Design

Balance results from the interaction of inter-playing
forces, attractions, and weights. Balance strives for a
state of equilibrium in order to create a sense of
tranquility..
Balance
Rhythm provides an underlying unity and evolving
variety.
Continuity, recurrence, or organized movement
constitute rhythm.

Repetition and progression are two primary ways of developing rhythm
.
Rythm
Emphasis deals in terms of dominance and subordination. Properly used, it calls attention to the
more important elements of a space

Emphasis can be
achieved through position, color, light, shape, or contrast.
Emphasis
Proportion is the desired relationship of parts to the
whole.
Related to size, it deals with magnitude,
quantity, or degree.
Proportion
Unity describes elements of a whole which are in
accord. Unity makes for ease of identification, but
proves dull when unrelieved.

Variety modifies parts of an environment by means other than progression.
Unity &
Variety
Floors
Ceilings
Doors & Windows
Furniture
Stairs
The Architectural
Elements and
Principles of an
Interior Space
Walls
Full transcript