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Child Labor- Human Rights Violations
Transcript of Child Labor- Human Rights Violations
"The employment of a child in a business or industry especially in violation of state or federal statutes prohibiting the employment of children under a specified age." ( Merriam Webster Dictionary )
India holds the largest amount of child laborers in the world. As of 2007, over 30 million. Cottonseed, garment industry...
“In its most extreme forms, child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/ or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities…” (Sok 25).
Not just 1 type
There are several different forms, these include:
1. Working in conditions that are not suitable
2. Little to no ventilation, no fore escapes, working long hours leads to dehydration
3. Underpaid or not paid at all- money goes to parents
Human Rights Violations- #1
“No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms”
(UDHR Art. 4).
Children are abducted from their parents and enslaved without a say
Working from dusk till dawn
Degrading work both mentally an physically
* Contrary to the deceleration.
“No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”
Children are subject to abuse-verbal or sexual abuse - Must work in homes
Domestic violence with young girls
Loss of self-esteem
Violating the human right that protects people
Cannot cry for help- punished
* 81 countries
"Big numbers from small hands"
A brief history...
The industrial revolution of the 1790s was a time of mass expansion in America
Children forced to go into the workplace due to the considerable amount of manufacturing in the United States.
Small size, fitting into tight spaces within a mine or factory was made easier
Paid less than an adult in the workplace
1904 was the pivotal year in which the National Child Labor Committee was developed.
About The UDHR...
Drafted by the U.N. on December 10th, 1948
Not written law
Freedoms that every human should have, regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, or various other aspects of who they are
“Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay”
“They work long days performing a variety of tasks, such as selling bread, fruit or milk in the market, grilling skewers of meat on the roadside, or working in a small boutique. Some describe selling bread in the market from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m., then returning home to bake bread for the next day. Others are forced to spend all day pounding fufu, a doughy paste made of mashed yams or casava” (HRW 54).
Illegally underpaid or not paid at all- exhaustion when overworked
No proper daily schedule
Toll on mental and physical health
When people open their eyes to the impacts child labor has had on the world, it will provide them with a clearer sense of what needs to be accomplished moving forward.
Regulation is outdated
“The importance of employers in the worldwide movement against child labour has never been clearer. The corporate responsibility to respect human rights, including a child’s right to be free from child labour, is now widely recognized. Today, companies that don’t have a policy against child labour are outside the mainstream.” (“Child Labour” par. 1).
Contributing towards organizations and being aware of the injustice