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Ch 12 - Age of Jackson
Transcript of Ch 12 - Age of Jackson
The Age of Jackson
Jacksonian Democracy and States' Rights
Sectionalism Changes Politics
- John Quincy Adams, the former secretary of state
- Henry Clay, "The Great Compromiser"
- and Andrew Jackson, a military hero
- William Crawford
All men ran as D-Rs...
Adams Defeats Jackson in 1824
Jackson won the popular vote, but no candidate won the majority of the electoral votes...
HoR must pick the President
Adams wins and names Clay his SOS
to build roads and canals
regulate natural resources
All were shot down by congress...
DR began to support Jackson
Jackson = the common man
Adams = privileged and wealthy
Jackson Redefines "Democracy"
Voting Rights Expand
Election of 1828 = Adams vs Jackson
Vicious attacks at other sides
Jacksonian democracy - give the voting power to the people. Majority rule
Women, slaves and free African-Americans still could not vote
Jackson Wins in 1828
Victory for the common man
Jackson's wife died from a heart attack shortly after...
because of the personal attacks
"The reign of King Mob seemed triumphant"
supporters drank and trashed the White House
A New Political Era Begins
Jackson promised to give government positions to people that supported him
"To the victor belongs the spoils of the enemy"
Rising Sectional Differences
West - federal gov't to sell public land at low prices, and better transportation
Northeast - feared people would leave factories to go West, but also wanted transportation
South - Opposed both because that would need more tariffs
southerners sent the cotton to Europe
Tariffs made imported goods more expensive
Europe stopped by cotton if they couldn't see their clothes to the U.S.
Federal Government vs. the States
The Nullification Crisis
In 1828 congress passed the
Tariff of Abominations
- raised goods & materials price
Hurt the South's economy
Southern states wanted to leave the union
John C. Calhoun (VP from SC) made the
doctrine of nullification
states could reject federal laws if they saw them as unconstitutional
Jackson States His Position
Jackson supported states' rights, but did not believe they should be able to nullify federal law
Calhoun disagreed and they became enemies
South Carolina Threatens to Secede
In 1832 Jackson lowered the tariffs
SC would secede if there were any tariffs
In 1833 Henry Clay made a compromise tariff and SC stayed in the Union