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Transcript of basketball
The aim of each team is to score in the opponents' basket and to prevent the other team from scoring.
The game is controlled by officials, table officials and a commissioner, if present. Baskets: there is two baskets
The basket that is attacked by a team is the opponents' basket
the basket which is defended by a team is the team's own basket. Winner of a game The team that has scored the greater number of points at the end of playing time will be the winner of the game. Playing court Back court Lines front court Boundary line Center line, center circle and free-throw semi-circles Free-throw lines, restricted areas and free-throw rebound places The playing court shall have a flat, hard surface free from obstructions .
with dimensions of twenty-eight (28) m in length by fifteen (15) m in width measured .
from the inner edge of the boundary line. A team's back court consists of its team's own basket, the inbound part of the
backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the end line behind the team's
own basket, the sidelines and the center line. A team's front court consists of the opponents' basket, the inbound part of the backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the end line behind the opponents' basket, the sidelines and the inner edge of the center line nearest to the opponents' basket. All lines shall be drawn in white color, five (5) cm in width and clearly visible. Three-point field goal area Team bench areas The team bench areas shall be marked outside the playing court limited by two (2) lines.
There must be fourteen (14) seats available in the team bench area for the team bench personnel which consists of the coaches, the assistant coaches, the substitutes, the excluded players and the team followers.
Any other persons shall be at least two (2) m behind the team bench. The playing court shall be limited by the boundary line, consisting of the end lines
and the sidelines. These lines are not part of the playing court.
Any obstruction including seated team bench personnel shall be at least two (2) m
from the playing court. The center line shall be marked parallel to the end lines from the mid-points of the sidelines. It shall extend 0.15 m beyond each sideline. The center line is part of the back court.
The center circle shall be marked in the center of the playing court and have a
radius of 1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference. If the inside of
the center circle is painted, it must be the same color as the restricted areas.
The free-throw semi-circles shall be marked on the playing court with a radius of 1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference and with their centers at the mid-points of the free-throw lines The free-throw line shall be drawn parallel to each end line. It shall have its furthest
edge 5.80 m from the inner edge of the end line and shall be 3.60 m long. Its mid-point
shall lie on the imaginary line joining the mid-points of the two (2) end lines.
The restricted areas shall be the rectangular areas marked on the playing court
limited by the end lines, the extended free-throw lines and the lines which originate
at the end lines, their outer edges being 2.45 m from the mid-points of the end lines
and terminating at the outer edge of the extended free-throw lines. These lines,
excluding the end lines, are part of the restricted area. The inside of the restricted
areas must be painted in one color.
Free-throw rebound places along the restricted areas, reserved for players during
free throws, should be marked. The team's three-point field goal area (Diagram 1 and Diagram 3) shall be the entire
floor area of the playing court, except for the area near the opponents' basket,
limited by and including:
• Two (2) parallel lines extending from and perpendicular to the end line, with the
outer edge 0.90 m from the inner edge of the sidelines.
• An arc of radius 6.75 m measured from the point on the floor beneath the exact
center of the opponents' basket to the outer edge of the arc. The distance of
the point on the floor from the inner edge of the mid-point of the end line is
1.575 m. The arc is joined to the parallel lines. Definition Other equipments rules Uniforms 1) A team member is eligible to play when he has been authorized to play for a team
according to the regulations, including regulations governing age limits, of the organizing body of the competition.
2)A team member is entitled to play when his name has been entered on the score-sheet before the start of the game and as long as he has neither been disqualified
nor committed five (5) fouls.
3)During playing time, a team member is:
• A player when he is on the playing court and is entitled to play.
• A substitute when he is not on the playing court but he is entitled to play.
• An excluded player when he has committed five (5) fouls and is no longer entitled to play. 1) Each team shall consist of:
• No more than twelve (12) team members entitled to play, including a captain.
• A coach and, if a team wishes, an assistant coach.
• A maximum of five (5) team followers who may sit on the team bench and have
special responsibilities, e.g. manager, doctor, physiotherapist, statistician, interpreter, etc.
2) Five (5) players from each team shall be on the playing court during playing time and
may be substituted.
3) A substitute becomes a player and a player becomes a substitute when:
• The official beckons the substitute to enter the playing court.
• During a time-out or an interval of play, a substitute requests the substitution to the scorer. The uniform of the team members shall consist of:
• Shirts of the same dominant color front and back.
All players must tuck their shirts into their playing shorts. 'All-in-ones' are
• Shorts of the same dominant color front and back, but not necessarily of the
same color as the shirts.
• Socks of the same dominant color for all players of the team. *All equipment used by players must be appropriate for the game. Any equipment that is designed to increase a player's height or reach or in any other way give an unfair advantage is not permitted.
*Players should mot wear objects that may cause injury to other players such as :
Finger, hand, wrist, elbow or forearm guards, casts or braces made of leather, plastic, pliable (soft) plastic, metal or any other hard substance, even if covered with soft padding.
Objects that could cut or cause abrasions (fingernails must be closely cut)
hair accessories and jewelery. Definition A time-out is an interruption of the game requested by the coach or assistant coach Rules 1)Each time-out shall last one (1) minute.
2)A time-out opportunity begins when:
-For both teams, the ball becomes dead, the game clock is stopped and the official has ended his communication with the scorer's table.
-For both teams, the ball becomes dead following a successful last or only free throw.
3)A time-out opportunity ends when the ball is at the disposal of a player for a throw-in or for a first or only free throw.
4)Two (2) time-outs may be granted to each team at any time during the first half ( the first two periods , each period contains 10 min)
three (3) at any time during the second half ( the last two periods) and one (1) during each extra period.
5)Unused time-outs may not be carried over to the next half or extra period.
6)A time-out shall not be permitted to the scoring team when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less of the fourth period and of each extra period and, following a successful field goal unless an official has stopped the game. Definition A substitution is an interruption of the game requested by the substitute to become a player. Rules 1) A team may substitute a player(s) during a substitution opportunity.
2) A substitution opportunity begins when:
• For both teams, the ball becomes dead, the game clock is stopped and the official has ended his communication with the scorer's table.
• For both teams, the ball becomes dead following a successful last or only free throw.
• For the non-scoring team, a field goal is scored when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less of the fourth period and of each extra period.
3) A substitution opportunity ends when the ball is at the disposal of a player for a throw-in or a first or only free throw.
4)A player who has become a substitute and a substitute who has become a player cannot respectively re-enter the game or leave the game until the ball becomes dead again, after a clock-running phase of the game
5) Procedure -Only a substitute has the right to request a substitution. He (not the coach or the assistant coach) shall go to the scorer’s table and ask clearly for a substitution, making the proper conventional sign with his hands, or sit on the substitution chair. He must be ready to play immediately.
-A substitution request may be canceled only before the scorer's signal has sounded for such a request.
-As soon as a substitution opportunity begins the scorer shall sound his signal to notify the officials that a request for a substitution has been made
-The player being substituted is permitted to go directly to his team bench without reporting either to the scorer or the official.
-Substitutions shall be completed as quickly as possible. A player who has commit-ted his five (5) fouls or has been disqualified must be substituted immediately (within approximately 30 seconds). If, in the judgement of an official, there is a delay of the game, a time-out shall be charged against the offending team. If the team has no time-out remaining a technical foul for delaying the game may be charged against the coach, recorded as 'B'.
-if the free-throw shooter must be substituted The free throw(s) must be attempted by his substitute who may not be substituted again until he has played in the next clock-running phase of the game.