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The Romantic Period
Transcript of The Romantic Period
Haley Haskins, Anand Richardson The Romantic Period Most people know that Charles Darwin was the father of evolutionary biology.
He was the naturalist most responsible for changing humanity’s view of nature (and human nature) over the past two centuries.
Darwin's writings accelerated the decline of the Romantic period by replacing it with a more materialistic worldview. Charles Darwin Darwin questioned man's place in the layout of things in ways that had never or rarely been done before.
Before his theory of evolution came out, people were already beginning to wonder just how old the earth really is.
His theories have stated that it is older than church authorities in England and the Vatican have stated.
The Theory of Evolution has been accepted for generations. Darwin's work was not immediately accepted as science.
Some people believed that, if Darwin's hypothesis was true, then the Bible must be a fiction story.
Many people of the time strongly felt that the idea of creation belongs to religion and not to natural science. In the Romantic Era, nature was seen as a reflection of the human spirit.
Accurate studies of birds, animals and insects shows man's past enthrallment with mysterious nature.
Other sources of inspiration to the Romantics were the Bible. and the works of Chaucer, Milton, Spencer and Shakespeare.
British Romantic Art typically uses nature and sympathetic real life experiences to show and emphasize emotion Art-Painting and Sculptures Henry Fuseli was born in Switzerland, but
spent the majority of his life in England.
He was drawn toward the supernatural, and
his paintings exude intensity. Fuseli based
his art on Michelangelo. He painted over
200 portraits, but never
produced a landscape. Art-Paintings and Sculptures The Nightmare (1781) William Blake The Great Red Dragon Jean-Jacques Rousseau
was one of the most influential
thinkers during the Enlightenment
in eighteenth century Europe. His first major philosophical work, A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the Academy of Dijon in 1750. In this work, Rousseau argues that the progression of the sciences and
arts has caused the corruption of virtue and morality. Rousseau's powerful influence on the
European Romantic movement
and after was due to his vision of a
regenerated human nature. His philosophy revealed a striking, if often elusive, combination of idealistic and realistic elements which constantly seemed to open the possibility of a better world. Rousseau's great challenge was to convince the
humblest of men that they should never feel ashamed
to call themselves human beings. Rousseau argued that we are
inherently good, but we become
corrupted by the evils of society. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
was mostly interested in
people being natural. Rousseau had a
romantic vision, but
"romanticism" is not an easy
term to define. It is best
approached as an overlapping
set of ideas and values. Overview Romantic art moves away from the use of realistic depictions of science and the human body. Instead, the Romantic Era's art reflects and captures emotion. William Blake is known for his popular poetry and his Gothic paintings. Samuel Palmer is an English landscape painter.
He mainly produced pastoral paintings, like the picture below. By William Blake England versus
Napoleon Bonaparte Aside from the transformation in seaborne strategy and the benefits acquired, the Battle of Trafalgar also had a revolutionary effect seen in the entire European culture.
In the end those who benefited the most from Trafalgar were not sailors in the battle, but men and women motivated to memorialize it in works of literature, art, and architecture.
From minuscule poets like Margaret Chalmers, and William Rees to contemporaries of marine artists such as Nicholas Pocock (who painted pictures of the genesis and the conclusion of the battle). The loss at Trafalgar did not, in any way, halt Napoleon's scheme to take over all of Europe, though the British seamen who had fought the Battle of
Trafalgar believed that the
victory would have brought
peace. The imminent threat from Austria and Russia in Europe had
already cajoled Napoleon to abandon his pretentious invasion plans and to march east in a preemptive strike against Austria. The combined Franco-Spanish
fleet that sailed on the 19th of October
1805 was foreordained, but not for the
English Channel - for Italy, to protect the
emperor's southern flank against
Anglo-Russian seaborne beleaguer. The fleeing French and Spanish left
behind them some 6,000 seamen
killed and captured. It was
made incredibly clear to all of Europe
that Britain would now rule the waves. Nelson, who had innovated successfully at the Battle of the Nile, at Copenhagen, did so again. And being victorious at Trafalgar, he changed naval tactics forever. The days of parallel lines trading broadsides in such a display of spraying and praying had been brought to its end. The Battle of Trafalgar massively effected both strategy and culture. Jacob and Wilhelm
Grimm Jacob Grimm, born in 1785, and Wilhelm Grimm, born in 1786, were two out of a family of eleven; they had eight brothers, one sister, and their father was a lawyer. They grew up in Hasse-Kassel, Germany, collecting fairy tales from the local story-tellers. Jacob and Wilhelm are famously known as the Grimm Brothers for documenting traditional folk tales. Many became age-old fairy tales, including, but not limited to, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, Rapunzel, Sleeping Beauty, and Little Red Riding Hood.
In 1812, the Grimm Brothers published their first volume of eighty-six stories and tales.
In 1814, the second volume was published containing seventy stories.
In 1850, the sixth and final edition was published with two-hundred fairy-tails and ten children's legends. The Grimm Brothers' tales are available in more than 100 translations, and some have been adapted into popular Walt Disney films. In addition, Jacob and Wilhelm worked as librarians for different Universities.
In 1838, the two brothers began work on the first out of a thirty-two volume German dictionary focused on history.
Within the next ten years, the Grimm Brothers were devoted to the completion of the dictionary.
However, neither of them lived to see the final edition of their German dictionary.
Wilhelm Grimm died on December 16, 1859, and Jacob Grimm died on September 20, 1863. Rousseau's most important work is "The Social Contract" that describes the relationship of man with society. Quotes:
Absolute silence leads to sadness. It is the image of death.
I may be no better, but at least I am different.
Childhood is the sleep of reason.
I hate books; they only teach us to talk about things we know nothing about.
I have always said and felt that true enjoyment can not be described. Briar Rose Part 1 He published over 20 books.
He also wrote over 200 articles and queries in journals and newspapers
Darwin wrote thousands of letters and kept numerous diaries and notebooks.