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WikiLeaks and Assange
Transcript of WikiLeaks and Assange
(Australia)------Julie Jiang Timeline Battlefield of Opposing Views Realism vs. Liberlism Background:
Owner: Fairfax Media
Founded by Three employees of the now-defunct Sydney Gazette in 1831
Audience: Middle-aged intellectuals, average 700,000 daily
(Source: http://adcentre.com.au/ ) Competitor: Murdoch-owned Sydney daily, The Daily Telegraph, a conservative paper, showing support for the centre-right Australian coalition.
Politics stance: praised for its comparatively varied ideological opinions.
(Source: Paper Tiger/Slate) News Report:
Washington braces for week of diplomatic pain courtesy of WikiLeaks Comment1: Tell us secrets but only those in the public interest What should be done ? New reports & Comment Analysis Published date: November 29, 2010
Byline: Dylan Welch
Section: International News
Reason for selection: latest; general report of the issue Published date: December 6, 2010
Byline: Leslie Cannold
Section: Extra; Opinion; Pg. 4; 535 words Comment2: WikiLeaks opens the door to a new enlightenment Published date: December 3, 2010 Friday
Byline: Richard Ackland
Section: News and Feature; Opinion; Pg. 19; 833 words Reason for selection: Two comments represent both side of view and lead the debate of “Cable Leak issue” on The Sydney Morning Herald Opinion section. 1.Provide more original news reporting, with first hand interview and solid facts rather than simply edit and quote other newspaper’s work.
2.Domesticize international news to meet the needs of local readers.
3.Avoid opinions and biased perception in news reporting and provide voices from both sides. Merits: What Should be done? News report is quite poor and low-quality.
Reporters: not specialized and unprofessional
News staging: relatively incomplete and lack of facts
Domestication: fail to relate to Australian’s interests
Diversity: Few original photos and tables might bore the readers. Shortfalls: Report this controversial issue in a comparable fair way.
Comments are argued in a logical and convincing way, with solid evidence provided Opinions and comments have long been the strong part of this newspaper. By Vicky Who is the owner? Scott Trust, a British media group owned The Guardian since 1936 Developed online publication in 1994 - 1995 UK edition Target audience: middle-class and intellectual (source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/gnm-archive/2002/jun/06/1) Political Stance: tend to support left-wing liberal democrats (source: Dr. Judith Clarke & Lin Yan) Selected News Report Published date: Nov 29, 2010 By: David Leigh Section: Front Page Similar online version http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/nov/28/us-embassy-cable-leak-diplomacy-crisis (source: lexis nexis) Picture Choice of words Title: 250,000 leaked files that lay bare US view of world subhead: Washington engulfed by global diplomatic crisis Lead: The United States was catapulted into a worldwide diplomatic crisis today Body: Secretary of state Hillary Clinton led a frantic damage limitation exercise News Angle US diplomatic crisis
US embarrassment in UN
Politics gossip Quotation US: the white house statement; the US ambassador to Britain; the US state department spokesman
UK: a UK foreign office spokesman; a former British ambassador to the US
UN: UN chief Opinion Paragraph: The cable published today reveal how the US uses its embassies as part of a global espionage network, with diplomats tasked to obtain not just information from people they meet, but personal details,....... Two Comments Title:
But on this industrial scale,
whose interests are served? The job of the media is not to
protect the powerful from embarrassment Merits: extensive reporting
open forum Shortfalls: newsmaker/news media
sensationalism, hyping What should be done? avoid sensational news writing style
clarify the Guardian and Assange's motivations (images source:
google image) By Aven Miao Background The newspaper we choose The Guardian
The Wall Street Journal
The Sydney Morning Herald Nov. 28 2010-Dec.25 2010 The period of time http://www.tiki-toki.com/timeline/entry/74825/Wikileaks-and-Julian-Assange/#vars!date=2006-12-01_00:41:25! An international daily newspaper with a special emphasis on business and economic news Politics stance:
Editorial conservative, particularly in economic views
Since Rupert Murdoch bought the paper, news stories have been edited to adopt a more conservative tone, critical of Democrats Source:
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/14/business/media/14carr.html?_r=0 Selected Articles 1 General News Report
1 Video News Report:
Vast Leak Discloses Diplomatic Secrets Published date: November29, 2010 Monday
Reason for selection: immediate general news report, representative of the newspaper’s news style News Angle: Mainly concerns cables about Islamic affairs related to Iran nuclear issue Word Chosen "undoubtedly"
"could prove embarrassing"
"could be used to" Quotations from State Department legal adviser
U.S. diplomats and defense officials
chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee This news report: Contain assumptions
Sources only from one side--not balanced
Emphasize cables only about Iran issue--not comprehensive Editorial:
Attack by WikiLeaks Comment 1:
Dictators, Democracies and WikiLeaks Comment 2:
WikiLeaks and the Art of Diplomacy Commentaries "At a minimum, the Administration should throw the book at those who do the leaking, including the option of the death penalty." "The juicy leaks rarely involve our democratic allies, but rather countries in which free elections, free speech and a free press don't exist." "High gossip."
"We now know what we knew before, but on official paper."
"WikiLeaks added nothing new there." Opinion Journal: an opinion Video Conclusion: Use op-ed comments to balance its news report and editorial Clear-cut position against WikiLeaks What should be done? The Wall Street Journal should produces a more comprehensive and objective news story.
Wipe out its own opinions
Give views of both sides
Cover all aspects of the event Headline: In the perspective of US, a sharp contrast to pain and courtesy. Content: Cables are revealing by WikiLeaks and newspapers, US government panic. Choice of Words: Serious and harsh words, such as “globally damaging and embarrassing” and “bitingly frank views”. Main Sources: US ambassador in Germany; German news magazine; British Government Sources; The Guardian investigations editor; NBC Perspective: Focus on the global diplomats, US reactions and neglect Assange and WikiLeaks sides. Choice of Words: Whole mood is witty but meanwhile incisive such as “tittle-tattle” and “high-grade gossip”. Perspective: The commenter endorsed the concepts and actions of WikiLeaks. But he thinks the cable content released this time is not “related to public interests” as usual but more like “leaking for leaking’s sake”, which disappoints him that WikiLeaks is shifting from its original direction. Content: WikiLeaks is revealing something irrelevant to public interests and shifting away from its original goal, which disappointed the author. Content: WikilLeaks’ achievement is far beyond what it revealing now. It is a milestone of enlighten people to a new way of thinking. Choice of Words: meticulous and lucid. Analogy is used to make his point clear such as compare authorities to the “old guard”. Perspective: This comment is a song of praise to the Assange and WikiLeaks website. What the cables revealed is not important. It is the new enlightenment and liberation of mind Assange bring to the world that matters. WIKILEAKS AND JULIAN ASSANGE Started the War Fought Back The Need for
More Transparent Diplomacy Diplomatic Secrets
Are Crucial for National Security Just Watching... Freedom of Speech The Legitimacy and Limitation of "Super" Freedom of Speech "WikiLeaks is part of the phenomenon of the online, and empowered by citizens." Freedom of Expression Award for New Media by The Economist "Enemies of the U.S.--not just the government, but the people" "Information Anarchist" "Simpleminded idea of secrecy and transparency" "The difference between freedom of information and free-for-all." What is your opinion Opinions and Assumptions