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Transcript of Egyptian Religion
steps of mummification
origins of mummification
How did it begin?
1. Egyptians believed that when they died, their soul, or "ka" would travel to the Afterlife.
5. The "ka" would travel into the Afterlife at night and come back to the body to rest during the day.
2. The Afterlife was just like the physical life but more perfect.
3. The dead person would need his/her body and possessions to use in the Afterlife.
4. The spirit, or "ka" lived in the heart of the person, so the heart was never removed from the mummy. Everything else was removed (brain, stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys, etc.).
6. Faces were painted on the mummies so that the"ka" could recognize their bodies and not enter the wrong one.
The first mummies were created by accident when they buried people in the desert.
Legend says that Osiris was the first mummy.
of the Heart
1. The dead person's spirit would be taken by Anubis to the Hall of Judgement.
3. If his heart was heavy with bad deeds and was found to be heavier than the Feather, his spirit would be devoured by Ammit and would not go to the Afterlife.
4. If he had led a good life, his heart would be lighter than the Feather and he was admitted into the Afterlife.
2. His heart would be placed on a scale and weighed against the Feather of Truth.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tomb of King Khufu.
The Sphinx is a monument to King Khafre, Khufu's son.
In order for a spirit to be able to survive in the Afterlife, the physical body had to be preserved and protected.
The Valley of the Kings is an area near the Nile River containing many tombs built for pharaohs and members of the royal family.
To protect the body, the Egyptians built tombs either carved into the granite cliffs or constructed out of granite blocks.
Anubis - god of the Afterlife
An ancient papyrus showing the Weighing of the Heart ceremony.
The Valley of the Kings near Thebes