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Kidney Dialysis

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by

Colleen Tunnell

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Kidney Dialysis

KIDNEY *Kidneys help filter waste, excess fluid, and toxins from your blood. FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS *They are important for blood cell production and bone health. *Every day a person's kidney process about 200 quarts of blood to sift out about 2 quarts of waste products and extra water.The wastes and extra water become urine, which flows to the bladder through tubes called ureters. *When your kidneys are healthy, they clean your blood.They make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. *Kidneys help through the renin to help blood pressure. *Kidney dialysis is a life-support treatment that uses a special machine that takes over the kidneys job of filtering blood, and to filter harmful wastes, salt and excess fluid from your blood. WHAT IS KIDNEY DIALYSIS? *When your kidneys fail, you will need a life saving treatment that is Dialysis to take over the job. *It also restores the blood to a normal, healthy balance. Dialysis replaces many of the kidney's important functions. *Without dialysis the amount of waste products in the blood would increase and eventually reach levels that would cause coma and death. *We could not live if waste products were not removed from our kidneys. 1.Hemodialysis- where blood is filtered using dialyzer and dialysis machine.The blood comes out of the patient through a catheter(flexible tube) that is inserted into the vein.Filters do what the kidney's do they filter out the waste products from the blood.The patient is in effect connected to a kind of artificial kidney.A blood vessel usually in the arm, needs to be enlarged.It usually lasts about 3 to 4 hours each week.It can be done at home if the patient knows what to do. TWO TYPES OF KIDNEY DIALYSIS 2.Peritoneal Dialysis- blood is filtered inside the body after the abdomen is filled with a special cleaning solution.It cleans the blood using the lining of your abdominal area as a filter. This method allows your blood to be cleaned while you sleep, while you work, or while you perform your everyday activities.Before you a peritoneal dialysis session you will need surgery so that the doctor can create access into your abdominal area.You will get a small cut near your stomach and nearby organs. When its times for treatment they will put the cleaning solution into a catheter.You will need four exchanges a day which is the draining and filling process, its takes about 30 to 40 minutes.This is done at home. *Patients often need dialysis treatments several times a week. *Depends on each individuals case of what type of dialysis they should have. For kidney disease patients who need to undergo dialysis, one type of treatment is not best for all. It is a necessary treatment for people with end-stage kidney disease or permanent kidney failure.
You need dialysis if you've lost about 85% to 90% of your kidney function.
When a kidney transplant is not immediately available or not even possible, dialysis can replace the critical functions of kidneys and sustain life.
Today about 350,000 people in the United States use dialysis as renal replacement therapy. WHO NEEDS DIALYSIS? The treatment does not cause any pain or discomfort, but some patients can develop low blood pressure, which leads to headaches, cramping, nausea, and vomiting.
You have less energy, can cause you to feel tired.
Kidney dialysis requires strict scheduling and adjustments to lifestyle. It can disrupt your ability to work or enjoy everyday activities.If it gets to frustrating for you or the family there is counselor available to help cope with you. WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN ON KIDNEY DIALYSIS CHANGE OF DIET FOR KIDNEY DIALYSIS KIDNEY TRANSPLANT Yes, some kidney disease result from hereditary factors. Some kidney problems may show up when a child is still developing in the womb. Although the tendency to develop kidney disease from diabetes or high blood pressure also tends to run in families, the good news is the risk of kidney disease from both diseases can be decreased with the correct diagnosis and effective management. Children of patients with kidney failure due to diabetes and high blood pressure should be screened periodically for these diseases and treated promptly to decrease the risk of kidney damage.Some hereditary kidney disease may not be detected until adulthood. IS IT HEREDITARY? Knowing what foods to include in your diet and what foods to avoid can prevent some discomfort and complications of living with kidney disease. By developing a comprehensive meal plan that is benefical for healthy kidneys and eliminates foods high in sodium, potassium and phosphorus, importantly not too much fluid. You need to make sure you get enough calories and protein.So Having tasty meals while living on dialysis is achievable. A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney in your body.The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the two kidneys that failed, and you will no longer need dialysis. During the transplant, the surgeon places the new kidney in your lower abdomen and connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to your artery and vein. Many transplanted kidneys come from donors who have died or from a living family member. The wait for a kidney can be long as in up to a few years, on a transplant waiting list.When you have a transplant you must take drugs to keep your body from rejecting the new kidney for the rest of their lives. DIALYSIS
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