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Kyler Viggiano

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of China

Opium Trade (Late 1830's)
Europeans were using Opium to swap with the silver from China
Caused China to lose tons of money as well as develop a serious drug problem
Seriously weakened China due to loss of money as well as the new drug problem
Treaty of Nanjing (1842)
Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)
Most dangerous Chinese rebellion

Consequence of foreign intrusion weighed heavily on the people

Brought Qing China to the brink of collapse
Self-Strengthing Movement (1860-1895)
Most imaginative reform
Blended Chinese culture and traditions with European modern technology
Helped China because it became more modern
Spheres of Influence (1885-1898)
Foreign powers began to dismantle the Chinese system of tributary states, and they divided China into spheres of influence
Qing government granted exclusive rights for railway and mineral development to Germany, France, Britain, Japan, and Russia
Weakened China because other countries were given more power
Opium War (1839-1842)
Hundred Days Reforms (1898)
Boxer Rebellion (1899)
Official Collapse of Qing Dynasty (1912)
Violent anti-foreign uprising instigated by dowager Cixi
Sought to rid China of "foreign devils"
Boxers killed foreigners & Chinese Christians as well as any Chinese person associated with a foreigner

Caused the decline of Qing China because China was
regarded as bankrupt, so the dynasty collapsed.
Empress Dowager Cixi died in 1908 and appointed two-year-old boy Puyi to rise to the throne
Since revolution broke out in 1911, and weakened the state even more, Puyi never ruled
Last emperor abdicated in 1912, ending Qing China

Luke Palmer, Kyler Viggiano, Matt Oliver, Julia Hearn, Sarah Parks, and Emma Bohrer
China tried to stop Opium from coming into the country which enraged the Europeans.
They proceeded to attack China which ended in a humiliating defeat for the Chinese due to their inferior military technology.
China was weakened.
Officially ended Opium War after the Chinese were defeated by Britain
It agreed for the Chinese to surrender Hong Kong Island to the British
It forced China to open 5 trading ports and gave Britain the "Most favored nation" status
France, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Austria- Hungary, the United States, and Japan all made similar treaties with China
Attempted to recover China
Sino-Japenese War (1894-1895)
China reacted to the changes occurring during the time period of 1850-1914 negatively, and in an attempt to change and reform, differences failed to actually impact the people. In competition with Europe, they attempted to industrialize, and as a result, China split into weaker spheres of influence, and eventually lost control of the people and the land to foreign powers.

In the Sino-Japanese War, the power in Eastern Asia shifted from China to Japan
This occured due to the Anti-foreigner rebellions that had broken out in Korea
This demonstrated the failure of China's control, fleets, and government
Japan's victory was unexpected, and in result gained unequal rights with China
This war weakened China as well
Two Chinese scholars published these treatises reinterpreting Confucian thought
Modernized China by turning it into an industrial society
Emperor Guangxu was impressed, so he established a constitutional monarchy in China that remodeled the education system, guarunteed civil liberties, rooted out corruption, and encouraged foreign influence
Full transcript