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Theories of Personality: 17 proponents
Transcript of Theories of Personality: 17 proponents
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. He was the Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974. Wikipedia
Born: March 20, 1904, Susquehanna Depot, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 18, 1990, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Spouse: Yvonne Blue (m. 1936–1990)
Education: Hamilton College, Harvard University
Awards: National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences
Transactional Analysis is one of the most accessible theories of modern psychology. Transactional Analysis was founded by Eric Berne, and the famous 'parent adult child' theory is still being developed today. Transactional Analysis has wide applications in clinical, therapeutic, organizational and personal development, encompassing communications, management, personality, relationships and behaviour. Whether you're in business, a parent, a social worker or interested in personal development, Eric Berne's Transactional Analysis theories, and those of his followers, will enrich your dealings with people, and your understanding of yourself.
Abraham Harold Maslow was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization
Hierarchy of Needs
George Kelly was an American psychologist, therapist, educator and personality theorist. He is considered the father of cognitive clinical psychology and best known for his theory of personality, Personal Construct Psychology
Born: September 27, 1913, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 24, 2007, New York City, New York, United States
Education: Teachers College, Columbia University, More
Born: April 1, 1908, Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: June 8, 1970, Menlo Park, California, United States
Full name: Abraham Harold Maslow
Spouse: Bertha Goodman (m. 1928)
Education: Cornell University, Columbia University, University of Wisconsin-Madison, City College of New York
Albert Ellis was an American psychologist who in 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. He held M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in clinical psychology from Columbia University and American Board of Professional Psychology.
Alfred W. Adler was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology
Born: February 7, 1870, Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus, Vienna, Austria
Died: May 28, 1937, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Education: University of Vienna
Children: Alexandra Adler
He argued that human personality could be explained teleologindividualically: parts of the 's unconscious self ideally work to convert feelings of inferiority to superiority (or rather completeness).
Burrhus F. Skinner
Carl Gustav Jung, often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of extraversion and introversion; archetypes, and the collective unconscious.
Born: July 26, 1875, Kesswil, Switzerland
Died: June 6, 1961, Küsnacht, Switzerland
Spouse: Emma Jung (m. 1903–1955)
Education: University of Basel, University of Zurich
Children: Franz Jung-Merker, Marianne Niehus, Agathe Niehus, Helene Hoerni, Gret Baumann
Erik Homburger Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis
Born: June 15, 1902, Frankfurt, Germany
Died: May 12, 1994, Harwich, Massachusetts, United States
Education: University of Vienna
Awards: Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction, Jefferson Lecture, National Book Award for Philosophy and Religion
Friedrich Salomon Perls, better known as Fritz Perls, was a noted German-born psychiatrist and psychotherapist.
Born: July 8, 1893, Berlin, Germany
Died: March 14, 1970, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Spouse: Laura Perls (m. 1930)
Education: Humboldt University of Berlin
Born: April 28, 1905, Kansas, United States
Died: March 6, 1967
Books: A Theory of Personality: The Psychology of Personal Constructs, The Psychology of Personal Constructs
Education: University of Kansas, Park University, University of Edinburgh, Friends University, University of Iowa
Gordon Willard Allport was an American psychologist. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology.
Born: November 11, 1897, Montezuma, Indiana, United States
Died: October 9, 1967, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Siblings: Floyd Henry Allport
Education: Glenville High School, Harvard University
Henry Alexander Murray was an American psychologist who taught for over 30 years at Harvard University.
Born: May 13, 1893, New York City, New York, United States
Died: June 23, 1988, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Books: Endeavors in psychology
Education: Columbia University, Harvard University
Karen Horney was a German psychoanalyst who practiced in the United States during her later career. Her theories questioned some traditional Freudian views.
Born: September 16, 1885, Blankenese
Died: December 4, 1952, New York City, New York, United States
Siblings: Berndt Danielsen
Education: Humboldt University of Berlin, Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg
Children: Brigitte Horney
Raymond Bernard Cattell was a British and American psychologist, known for his exploration of many areas in psychology.
Born: March 20, 1905, West Bromwich, United Kingdom
Died: February 2, 1998, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Education: University of London
Books: Beyondism, Structured personality-learning theory, More
Rollo Reece May was an American existential psychologist. He was the author of the influential book Love and Will, which was published in 1969. He is often associated with both humanistic psychology and existentialist philosophy.
Born: April 21, 1909, Ada, Ohio, United States
Died: October 22, 1994, Tiburon, California, United States
Spouse: Georgia May (m. ?–1994)
Movies: Land of Dreams
Education: Oberlin College, Columbia University, More
Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis.
Born: May 6, 1856, Příbor, Czech Republic
Died: September 23, 1939, London, United Kingdom
Education: University of Vienna (1881)
Children: Anna Freud, Ernst L. Freud, Sophie Freud, Mathilde Freud, Oliver Freud, Jean Martin Freud
Parents: Amalia Freud, Jacob Freud
Viktor Emil Frankl, M.D., Ph.D. was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor. Frankl was the founder of logotherapy, which is a form of existential analysis, the "Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy".
Born: March 26, 1905, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 2, 1997, Vienna, Austria
Education: University of Vienna