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Modern Fantasy Genre Presentation

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Maria Aviles

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Modern Fantasy Genre Presentation

Modern Fantasy
Sub-genres
Animal Fantasy
Fantasy for today's child:
The Opposed
Some educators and parents question the value of fantasy for today's child.
Evaluating Modern Fantasy
Well-constructed Plot (the plots of fantasy must be ingenious and creative unlike all other plots which should be original)
Activity #1
Read Alice in Wonderland
Activity #2
Rewrite the Ending

Create your own alternate ending for the short story you've selected. Use identifiable characters and settings from the story to make the ending plausible and believable.
Definition of Modern Fantasy
Modern fantasy stories involve magic, a "quest", and/or "good versus evil".
The World of toys and dolls
Eccentric Characters and Preposterous Situations
Modern Fairy tales
Science Fiction
speculates on what might happen in the future in our universe, so it has some basis in our reality
Others object to any fantasy at all for children, afraid that reading about goblins, trolls, and witches will lead children to practices of Satanism or belief in the occult.
They argue that children want contemporary stories that are relevant and speak to the problems of daily living - "now" books about the real world, not fantasies about unreal worlds.
The great fantasies frequently reveal new insights into the world of reality.
Ex. Charlottes Web and Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows detail the responsibilities and loyalties required of true friendshipl
conceive alternate ways of life
Value of the genre to children
Lloyd Alexander argues, (a widely influential American author of more than forty books, primarily fantasy novels for children and young adults, and winner of a 1969 Newbery Medal), that fantasy is of the utmost value for children.
All arguments aside, children themselves have shown that they continue to want books that satisfy that hunger.
Most popular children's books
J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter books are the most popular children's books to be published in the past fifty years
Ranking amongst the children's favorite books:

E. B. White's Charlotte's Web
Brian Jacques's Redwall series
C. S. Lewis's Narnia series
Madeleine L'Engle's A Wrinkle in Time
Classic fantasy books that have endured through generations:

Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland
A. A. Milne's Winnie the Pooh
J.M. Barrie's Peter Pan
Modern Literature of Fantasy is diverse:
Contemporary fairy tales,
stories of magic
talking toys
other wonders like quests for truth in lands that never were,
and narratives that speculate on the future.
No identifiable author
For example, stories compiled by the brothers Grimm. They compiled and edited the folktales of Germany and England.
Sci-fi books include
2001 A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke
The Giver by Lois Lowery
A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams
Extraordinary Worlds
Magical Powers
Suspense and Supernatural
Time-Shift Fantasy
Imaginary Realms
High Fantasy
Evaluating Modern Fantasy
Questions that might guide an evaluation of modern fantasy
What are the fantasy elements of the story?
How has the author made the story believable?
Is the story logical and consistent within the framework established by the author?
Is the plot original and ingenious?
Is there a universal truth underlying the metaphor of the fantasy?
How does the story compare with other books of the same kind or by the same author?
Some children will find deeper meaning and other simply will read it as a good story or be put off because it isnt real.
What are some of its Key Features?
WHO are the most important people or characters?
WHAT is the problem or what went wrong?
WHEN did it happen?
WHERE did it happen?
WHY did they do what they did in the story which has been created?
Write an original story to create your own adventure
Science Fiction
-Through the door
-Visitors to Earth
-Out Space and Cyberspace
-Views of the Future
Time-Shift Fantasy
Suspense and Supernatural
Extraordinary Worlds
Magical Powers
Excentrice Characters and Preposterous Situations
The World of Toys and Dolls
What do you think?
Does Fantasy and fantasizing harm children?
-teachers views
-parents views
-student views
-Authors views
Fantasy creates an alternative universe, which operates on laws different than our own.
Modern fantasy is about beings, places and events not occurring in the real world.
Authors are identifiable
Closely related to traditional literature
Characters have time to grow and learn
Modern fantasy is literature written by a known author that is set either in a make-believe or imaginary world in which places, people and creatures could not exist,and/or have events that could not possibly happen.
High Fantasy
Book Examples:
The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis
The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien
› “A well written fantasy endures for years”

Good vs. Evil
Animal Fantasy
Difference of Folktales, legends and myths from Modern Fantasy
Traditional literature (folklore or fairy tale)
No identifiable author
Oral Tradition
Utilize form of old fairy tales
Has identifiable author
Well known author Hans Christian Anderson
Modern Fairy tale Books
The Tale of Desperaux by Katie DiCamillo
Ella Enchanted by Gail Carson Levine
Beastly by Alex Flinn
The Never Ending Story by Michael Ende
Coraline by Neil Gaiman
Matilda by Roald Dahl
Quests and Adventure
Imaginary Realms
Begin in the realm of reality then move rapidly into a world of make believe where situations seem impossible but still have a realistic quality
Book Examples:
Ella Enchanted by Gail Carson Levine
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
Animal characters that still maintain their animal characteristics
Examples of books:
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White
Bunnicula by Deborah Howe and James Howe
Babe: The Gallant Pig-Dick King-Smith
Oral Tradition
For example: Passed on by retelling, generation to generation
Ex. Folktale of Alexander's "delicious Pro Bono Publico" stew is made from the same basic recipe as Stone Soup in the retelling by Marcia Brown.
Connecting Traditional Literature to Modern Fantasy
Assigns powers to thought and speech to pets or toys
Modern Fantasy
fantasy is rooted in folklore but the stories are not handed down orally as in traditional folklore
The stories are shaped through the vision and style choices of the author rather than in oral tradition, which is rooted in cultural belief and told by the storyteller.
Favorite things come to life
Gives human characteristics to toys and dolls
Book Examples:
Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne
The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams
Ex. relationship between child and their favorite toy
Think of it this way:
The fantasy that is addressed in science fiction today might someday come true
It involves:
genetic engineering
artifial intelligence
space exploration
robotics
Modern Fairy Tales
Where cars might fly, eggs might hatch into dinosaurs or dragons, ancient magical beings might interact with modern technology
Situations and characters occur in normal settings
Makes the story more believable
Book Examples:
Pipi Longstocking by Astrid Lindgren
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl
Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carrol
Harry Potter Series by J.K. Rowling
The Borrowers by Mary Norton
Starts in a world of reality, then moves quickly into a world where the everyday becomes extraordinary
Wonderlands
Miniature Worlds
famous books include:
Stories start out in the "real world" with characters who find a way to travel back in time or to the future
Examples of Books:
Tuck Everlasting by Natalie Babbitt
Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare
A Wrinkle in Time by Medeleine L'Engle
Characters in fantasy books can possess a magical object, know a magical saying, or have magical powers.
Objects
Sayings
Spells
Powers
Examples of Books:
Things Hoped For by Andrew Clements
We can mostly relate this topic area to the adult audience but it also captures the imagination of children
Spooky
Horror
Ghost Stories
Example of Suspense and Supernatural Literature:
Goosebumps by R.L. Stine
Supernatural Tales of Terror and Suspense by Alfred Hitchcock
Set in an imaginary society
Takes place in created worlds or imaginary realms
Allows the reader to visit the past
Characters shift from their moment in the present to a point in the past
Linked to a tangible object that is found in both the past and present
Kings & Queens
Middle Ages
Fuedal Societies
themes of love, justice, truth, loyalty, goodness, courage, wisdom, etc.
Becoming more popular with youth today
Helps child develop imagination
Skills are vital to human survival
Satisfies modern day hunger for myth
entertain new ideas
create strange new worlds
Story needs to be believable
Convincing Characterization
Worthwhile Theme
Appropriate Style
Author needs to make the story, believable
And we all lived happily ever after.

THE END.
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