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Rationalism/Age of Enlightment Period of American Literature- 1750-1800
Transcript of Rationalism/Age of Enlightment Period of American Literature- 1750-1800
humans. Example: Benjamin Franklin Democratic Utopia: A Democratic Utopia was a childish dream of changing society. Use of Reason: if reason could lead us to find laws that governed physical world, then why not use reason to discover NATURAL LAWS that govern human nature?
-study human behavior and solve problems of society. Led to a revolution in thinking known as the enlightenment
-through use or reason, enlightenment thinkers believed they could solve every social, political, economic problem John Locke (1632-1704) English Philosopher. Important empricist who expanded and extended the work of Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes. Seminal thinker in the realm of the relationship between the state and the individual, the contractual basis of the state and the rule of law. Argued for personal liberty with respect to property Genre/Style; Many genres and styles they had were: political pamphlets
highly ornate writing style
fiction employs generic plots and characters
fiction often tells the story of how an innocent young woman is tested by a seductive male This is the ti;me of were Newton was creating the Laws of Newtons. He had a lot of theories of the Gravity and Force. Famous rational authors during this time period were, Patrick Henry, Benjamin Franklin, Philis Wheatley, William Bartram,Thomas Paine, and Thomas Jefferson. Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland, 28 June, 1712, the second son of Isaac Rousseau, descendant of French Huguenots, and Susanne Bernard (who died a week after he was born). Young Jean’s Calvinist father went into exile when he was charged with poaching and tried to slash his accuser. Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire (1694-1778), French Enlightenment author, critic, essayist, historian, and philosopher wrote Candide (1759) Extra: William Congreve (1670–1729), English poet and playwright of the Restoration period in the 17th and 18th centuries, his comic plays have enjoyed a distinguished place in history, including The Old Batchelor (1693), and Love for Love (1694 Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), oft-quoted biographer, poet and lexicographer wrote A Dictionary of the English Language (1755), published in two folio volumes. In his time it was the most comprehensive English language dictionary ever compiled and remained the standard reference for over a century. Effect: patriotism grows
•creates common agreement about issues
•shows differences between Americans and Europeans Because of the Enlightenment period, we now know that the Earth revolves around the sun. This was proven by Nicolaus Copernicus. John Locke stated the ideas that everyone in society should be treated equal and that we should have a representative Democracy. These controvercial ideas changed the way we think about sciences. This now forms what we know about government and science. Nicolaus Copernicus even started our scientific revolution. That made advancements for us around the world.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the Enlightenment made advancements in many areas that now affect our lives daily. These are representated by the United States government and the United States Constitution and Declaration of Independance. Many of the enlightenment thinker's ideas were placed into these documents and now shape our government. The scientific advancements made by Nicolaus Copernicus has developed the way that we look at science. •tells readers how to interpret what they are reading to encourage Revolutionary War support
•instructive in values Historical Context: The Enlightenment, sometimes referred to as the Age of Reason, was a confluence of ideas and activities that took place throughout the eighteenth century in Western Europe, England, and the American colonies. Scientific rationalism, exemplified by the scientific method, was the hallmark of everything related to the Enlightenment. Following close on the heels of the Renaissance, Enlightenment thinkers believed that the advances of science and industry heralded a new age of egalitarianism and progress for humankind. More goods were being produced for less money, people were traveling more, and the chances for the upwardly mobile to actually change their station in life were significantly improving. At the same time, many voices were expressing sharp criticism of some time-honored cultural institutions. The Church, in particular, was singled out as stymieing the forward march of human reason. Many intellectuals of the Enlightenment practiced a variety of Deism, which is a rejection of organized, doctrinal religion in favor of a more personal and spiritual kind of faith. For the first time in recorded Western history, the hegemony of political and religious leaders was weakened to the point that citizens had little to fear in making their opinions known. Criticism was the order of the day, and argumentation was the new mode of conversation •American Renaissance/Romanticism Why is the title such? The art changes and it becomes new beginning.