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TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
Transcript of TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
Charles A. Ball Jr.
Christian I. Clarck
Summer finally comes, but Scout is crushed when Dill doesn't arrive because his mother got remarried. To makes matters worse, Atticus has to leave for two weeks to serve in the state legislature.Calpurnia, who's in charge when Atticus is away, invites Scout and Jem to attend her church that Sunday. The all-black congregation gladly welcomes the Finch kids, except for one woman Lula, who gets angry that Calpurnia brought white kids to their church.During the service, the congregation gathers money to support Helen, Tom Robinson's wife. Scout realizes Tom Robinson is the man Atticus is defending, and asks what he did. Calpurnia tells her: Tom has been accused by Bob Ewell of raping his daughter. Scout doesn't know what "rape" means, but can't believe anyone would trust the Ewells.
Scout, Jem, and Calpurnia return from church to discover that Aunt Alexandra has moved into the Finch's house to provide "feminine influence" for Scout.Alexandra is proud of the Finch family's social status in Maycomb, and immediately begins to socialize in Maycomb. Scout thinks good people are defined by doing the best they can with what they have, but Alexandra seems to believe that the older a family's history, the better the family is. Alexandra even forces Atticus to teach Scout and Jem about their family history. But this strange change in Atticus makes Scout cry, and with relief he gives up.
1. How does Jem change?
Jem is growing up. He is trying to make sense of things he sees, trying to be like Atticus,
and trying to put behind him childish games and youthful pranks. Consequently, he is
moody sometimes and occasionally seems to lord his authority over Scout. She resents
his new "airs."2. Identify Lula, Zeebo and Reverend Sykes.
Lula was the woman at Calpurnia's church who made Scout and Jem feel unwelcome.
Zeebo, Cal's son, makes them feel welcome, as does Reverend Sykes, the preacher atCalpurnia's church.
3. What does Scout learn about Calpurnia? Scout learns that Cal leads a double life. She talks and acts like her black friends andneighbors when she is with them, and she talks and acts more like white people when she is with them. Scout thinks this is interesting and asks to visit Cal at her home one day.4. Who was waiting for the children when they came home from the church service? Why had
she come?Aunt Alexandra was waiting for them. She had come to stay and "help out" while Atticuswould be busy with the Robinson trial.5. "Aunt Alexandra fitted into the world of Maycomb like a hand in a glove, but never into theworld of Jem and me." Explain.lexandra knew all the proper social things to say and do, and she knew a great deal ofthe history of the local families. She joined some clubs and entertained at her home, andgenerally did fit right into the town's society. However, Alexandra didn'tunderstand oragree with the values by which Atticus was raising his children. Therefore, she did notunderstand the children's behavior. Because their value systems were different, they were more often than not at odds.6. Atticus and Alexandra disagree about how to deal with the children. How does Atticus handlethe situation?Atticus makes the children obey Alexandra, but he lets them know that their relationshi with him will always be the same as it was. He tries to appease Alexandra when he can,but on the major issues.
There are tons of literary devices in these chapters. I will give you a few examples to get you started. In chapter 12, Jem starts to experience growing pains and Scout is having trouble coping with his treatment of her. Atticus has been called to the state capitol because, as Scout says:As if that were not enough, the state legislature was called into emergency session and Atticus left us for two weeks. The Governor was eager to scrape a few barnacles off the ship of state; there were sit-down strikes in Birmingham.."Scraping the barnacles off the ship of state" is a metaphor that means the governor was trying to clean things up.Calpurnia is getting the children ready for church. She scrubs Scout harder than usual, even peeks in on Jem. Of Scout's dress, Scout says:She had put so much starch in my dress it came up like a tent when I sat down.This is a simile. The author is comparing the starched ress to a stiff "tent."You can find literary devices in almost every paragraph!In chapter 14, Aunt Alexandra has arrived. The chapter begins with Scout asking Attic's about the meaning of rape. The children reveal they have been to church with Calpurnia. Aunt Alexandra is appalled. Scout sasses her and Atticus becomes angry:Atticus turned his head and pinned me to the wall with his good eye. His voice was deadly: "First, apologize to your aunt."Do you think Atticus literally pinned Scout to the wall? No -- this is another literary device. What is it? Do you know? I think you do!
TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD BY: HARPER LEE
As the summer progresses, Scout and Jem notice grownups in Maycomb talking about them. Scout hears the word "rape" again, and asks Atticus what it is. He tells her.Scout's question leads to the story of going to Calpurnia's church. Aunt Alexandra is horrified. She and Atticus have an argument about Calpurnia. Alexandria thinks Calpurnia is no longer necessary. Atticus says she's part of the family.That night, Jem tells Scout not to antagonize Aunt Alexandra, but Scout objects to him telling her what to do. They fight. Atticus sends them both to bed. Scout steps on something while climbing into bed, and, with Jem, discovers Dill hiding under her bed. Though Dill wants to keep his presence secret, Jem tells Atticus.Atticus tells Miss Rachel Haverford where Dill is, but lets Dill spend the night. Dill sleeps in Scout's room, and tells her he ran away from home because his recently married parents aren't much interested in him and wanted him to do things on his own.
compensation -something given or received as substitution or payment
emerge -to come forth from something
ecclesiastical- pertaining to a church
extract- to forcibly draw forth; pull out
preoccupation -the absorption of the attention or intellect
antagonize- incur the dislike of someone; counteract
infallible -unfailing; always correct
Lee, Harper. To Kill A Mockingbird. Chicago: J.B. Lippincott, 1960.
• to kill a mockingbird chapter 12-14 symbols
• to kill a mockingbird chapter 12 figurative language
Why doesn’t Dill come back to Maycomb for the summer?
Where do Jem and Scout go to church while Atticus is away?
Who does the church collection go to? Why?
Who decides to stay with Jem, Scout, and Atticus for awhile?
Who surprises Scout? Where did she find him/her?