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History Of Dance

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Harriet Dawson

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of History Of Dance

History of Dance
18th - 19th Century
Court dancing to romanticism
Mid 18th Century - 19th Century
Tap Dancing
Early 20th Century
Contemporary Dance
CONTEMPORARY BALLET
Dance Overview
- Many different styles of dance (focus on main)
- Important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations
and entertainment
- Early origins:
- Method of healing (ironically, due to duration and physicality of these dances, they lead to death due to exhaustion)
- Method of expression (used to tell myths, show feelings for the opposite gender)
15th Century
16th Century
17th Century
18th Century
19th Century
20th Century
Ballet originated

Court entertainment of Renaissance Italy
Catherine de Medicis became Queen of France in 1547 and introduced the French Court to the same kind of entertainment as she enjoyed in Italy (Ballet dancing)

In 1581, her chief musician created the first ballet: Le Ballet comique de la Reine
Louis XIV (14th) revived the French interest in Ballet

First Ballet School - l'Academie Royale de Danse

1670 - Pierre Beauchamps develops and codifies the five classic ballet positions
Professionally trained ballet dancers began to perform publicly around 1708

Other dance schools and troupes opened including the acclaimed Russian Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg (1738) (Rudolf Nureyev)
Audiences begin to abandon ballets based on Greek Mythology and preferred romantic creations

Pointe shoes - lift female dancers and portray them as 'heavenly beings'

Tutus

Female dancers gained importance over their male partners and the concept of the prima ballerina was born
Rudolf Nureyev and Margot Fonteyn

No rivalry between dance troupes/schools but started to incorporate each others techniques in new productions

Ballet spread around the world: The Royal Ballet (1931), San Fransisco Ballet (1933), American Ballet Theatre (1937), The Austrailian Ballet (1940), New York City Ballet (1948), National Ballet of Canada (1951) and the Delhi Ballet (2002)
20th - 21st Century
Street Dance
- A form of dance characterised by using the sound of ones tap shows hitting the floor as a percussive instrument

- Originated in the USA through the fusion of several ethnic percussive dances (primarily African tribal dances and English clog dances). Originally a dance only for black people

- In 1882, Thomas Rice put metal soles on his shoes and others followed this trend. (Soft shoe dancing still exists)

- Used to be a form of comedic entertainment

- Jazz spread in the 1920's causing a rise in Tap Dancing

CONTEMPORARY DANCE
- Incorporates elements of both classical ballet and modern dance
- Takes its technique and use of pointework from classical ballet although it permits a greater range of movement that may not abide to the strict body lines needed in ballet
- Modern dance including new elements of dance such as floor work and the turn-in of the legs
- Contemporary ballet became more modernised, changing its name to contemporary dance
- One of the most dominating performance genres for trained dancers throughout the world
- In terms of the focus of its technique, contemporary dance tends to utilise both the strong and controlled legwork of ballet and modern dance's stress on the torso. It also incorporates floor work, fall and recovery, and improvisation characteristic of modern dance. There are usually unpredictable changes in rhythm, speed, and direction.
- Most current and recent form of dance
- Evolved outside dance studios in any available open spaces such as streets, parties, raves and nightclubs
- Often improvisational and social in nature, encouraging spectator participation
- Popping, Tutting, Roboting - usually a futuristic theme
Dance Competitions
Link to PE
Opportunities
- Genee / International Ballet Competition
- UK Street Dance Championships
- So You Think You Can Dance (contemporary)
- RAD (regional awards London)
- Choreography Competitions (Paris International Choreography Competition)
- Local Competitions
- Recent introduction of Dance (younger years - SWGS prefect)
- PE A Level/GCSE

Syllabus
- Muscles (articulation)
- Different mental preparation (not races)

- Local dance schools (SDS, CDA)
- University (progression)
- Dance Schools
- Competitions (Local and National)
- Dance Theatres/summer schools
- NGB (RAD/ISTD) - volunteering, coaching, performing, teaching qualifications
Full transcript