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English 11: A Raisin in the Sun

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Transcript of English 11: A Raisin in the Sun

A Raisin in the Sun
by Lorraine Hansberry

Words spoken that the other characters can’t hear
Area of the stage closest to the audience
(front of the stage)
Area of the stage farthest away from the audience
(toward the back wall)
To leave the stage
To come onto the stage
Conversation between characters; What is being said; "the lines"
What isn’t spoken but is understood by the characters
To move from one part of the stage to another
Cross

Enter

Exit

Upstage

Downstage

Aside

Subtext

Dialogue
How does the play
A Raisin in the Sun
mirror the social, educational, political, and economical climate of the 1950s?

How does the play illustrate the impact this climate had on African Americans' quest for "The American Dream?"
The American Dream
Essential Question:
Why do people from other countries immigrate to America?

When we talk about "the American Dream", what do we mean?

What are some of the obstacles to achieving the American Dream?

Which groups of people have had trouble attaining "the American Dream"?

Given the obstacles that some Americans have to overcome, what makes the American Dream appealing?

Is "the American Dream" a dream or a reality? Is it a fading one?
David Binder - "Who Gets to Tell the Story?"
(TED Talk) - (17:30)
http://www.wnyc.org/story/86675-today-in-history-a-raisin-in-the-sun/
Interview with Lorraine Hansberry - March 11, 1959
What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?
Harlem
BY LANGSTON HUGHES
http://poetry.rapgenius.com/Langston-hughes-harlem-what-happens-to-a-dream-deferred-annotated#note-1093223
“I have given you this account so that you know that what I write is not based on the assumption of idyllic possibilities or innocent assessments of the true nature of life but, rather, my own personal view that, posing one against the other, I think that the human race does command its own destiny, and that that destiny can eventually embrace the stars.”
Sets and Characters

Excerpts from
To Be Young, Gifted, and Black
“I was born on the Southside of Chicago.  I was born black and a female.  I was born in a depression after one world war, and came into adolescence during another. While I was still in my teens the first atom bombs were dropped on human beings at Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and by the time I was twenty-three years old my government and that of the Soviet Union had entered actively into the worst conflict of nerves in human history: the Cold War.”
OCOMOGOSIAY!

Nigerian Robes

Lorraine Hansberry’s house in South Side Chicago

As a child she moved with her family into an all-white neighborhood and the prejudice she experienced factors into elements of
A Raisin in the Sun
.
South Side Chicago: 1950's
Cover Art
Hansberry raised money to produce in 1959

Won New York Drama Critics Circle Award

Set in South-side Chicago, post WWII

Play is about the Younger family
A Raisin in the Sun
Born May 19, 1930 in Chicago

Grew up in South side of Chicago; youngest of 4 kids

Mother and father were intellectuals/activists

Hansberry vs. Lee: anti-segregation case about fair and equal housing
Hansberry won (basis for parts of
A Raisin in the Sun
)

Attended University of Wisconsin/Art Institute of Chicago

Moved to New York to pursue writing career

Wrote the first drama written by an African American woman and produced on Broadway, age 29

Briefly married to Robert Nemiroff

Died at the age of 35 from pancreatic cancer

To Be Young, Gifted, and Black
published after her death
Lorraine Hansberry
Stage Directions & Terms:
Define what "the American Dream" means to you.
Rules for 'Chalk Talk'
1.) Absolutely no talking!
2.) You must write your own response
AND respond to your peers!
3.) Be respectful of others' comments
4.) Fill the space. Let your thoughts flow! - Offer
new insights/comments AND respond to others'
Topic: The American Dream
South Side Chicago: 1950's
South Side Chicago: 1950's
South Side Chicago: 1950's
John Green - CrashCourse - Civil Rights and the 1950's (11:57)
South Side Chicago: 1950's
South Side Chicago: 1950's
Hansberry's House
In 1937, businessman Carl Hansberry, Lorraine's father, defied the Woodlawn Property Owners' Association by successfully negotiating the purchase of a home at 6140 Rhodes Avenue.

At about the same time Harry H. Pace, a prominent Negro attorney and president of the Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Company, purchased a building just east of South Park Way on Sixtieth Street. Anna M. Lee, a white signatory of the restrictive covenant, filed suit against Hansberry and Pace for $100,000.
Hansberry v. Lee (1940)
The Issue:
Ruling:
US Supreme Court, on November 13, 1940, ruled in Hansberry v. Lee that whites cannot bar African Americans from white neighborhoods.
Project Dystopia - Lorraine Hansberry Documentary (10:59)
Lorraine Hansberry
Lorraine Hansberry
Background & Context:
A Raisin in the Sun: An Introduction (22:49)
"Harlem" Poem Analysis (3:04)
"Harlem" as read by Danny Glover (0:29)
Poetry Analysis
"Harlem" by Langston Hughes
Performing a Multi-Draft Read of the poem:
http://www.writingaboutliterature.com/poem-hughes-harlem.html
Step One:
Read the poem on your own (don’t mark it up…yet!). Reread it.


Step Two:
Reread the poem [again]. – Pay attention to poetic techniques and decisions
Examples: diction [connotation and denotation], line breaks and white space, repetition, figurative language, allusions [literary, historical, or mythological], punctuation, capitalization


Step Three:
Reread the poem [yet again]. Consider and think about the message and content of the poem. –- What is the message/meaning of the poem? How is that conveyed?
In your notebooks:

What do you know about life during the 1950s and 1960s here in America as far as civil rights goes?
Get out a sheet of paper.

During the clip, take notes on Hansberry.
Warm-Up:
Plot/Story Elements:
Exposition:
Rising Action:
Climax:
Falling Action:
Resolution/Denouement:
Beginning of the story/play

Background Information

Introduces/establishes characters, setting & conflict

May be told either in dialogue or stage directions
Spurred from the Conflict

Events while character(s) is/are trying to solve conflict

Build-up to the Climax
Exposition
Rising Action
Climax
Falling Action
Resolution
Turning point in the story/play

Most suspenseful part/the 'high point' of the story/play

Because of the climax, everything “normal” now changes

Actions/Choices made spur falling acting
Actions after the climax

Sets up the beginning of the end of the story
Actions, Decisions & Character traits are resolved

Wrap-up/ending of the story
Exposition
Conflict
Rising Action
Climax
Falling Action
Resolution
Act I, Scene 1:

The Stage:
Walter Lee & Ruth
Characters:
What are their expectations of each other?

How would you describe their marriage?
1. Why did Walter ask Ruth what was wrong with her?


2. Why was Ruth upset when Walter gave Travis the money?


3. Who are Willy and Bobo?


4. Walter said, "Damn my eggs . . . damn all the eggs that ever was!" Why?


5. Who is Beneatha?


6. Why was Mama getting a check for $10,000?


7. Why did Beneatha say she wouldn't marry George?


8. What was Beneatha's attitude towards God?


9. What happened to Ruth at the end of Act I Scene One?
Walter Lee & Beneatha
Are they sensitive to
each other's needs?

Have they become locked into the "sibling rivalry" syndrome?
Walter Lee & Lena
Is she unconsciously emasculating him?

Is he behaving more like a son than a husband/father?

What cultural traditions affect their relationship?
Lena & Ruth
Is Lena trying to undermine Ruth's maternal authority by commenting on what Travis eats? How he dresses? Excusing his lapses as "he's just a little boy?
Beneatha & Asagai
What cultural differences cause tension in their relationship?

How does he prove he really cares for her?
Ruth

Walter Lee

Travis
Beneatha

Mama (Lena)

Asagai
Act I, Scene 1
Why does Ruth scramble Walter's eggs, even though he says he doesn't want them scrambled?

What does this indicate about their relationship and whether or not they try to listen to one another?

Why does Ruth tell Travis to get his mind off the money that is coming the next day?

What does this indicate about Travis?
Act I, Scene I
Why does Walter give his son more money than he needs for school? How does this leave Walter, in terms of money he himself needs in order to get to work? What does this indicate about Walter's personality?

What rift is indicated between Ruth and Walter when she says to him, "You mean graft?", when he talks of how he plans to get his liquor store license approved? How does this related to the state of their marriage?
Walter Lee & Ruth
While reading, pay attention to:

Character's Dialogue
Plot
Stage directions/notes
Subtext
Ruth
Walter
Travis
Beneatha
Mama
What question does Walter ask? - Why might it be important?
Why does Ruth scramble Walter's eggs even though he says he doesn't want them scrambled?
How do the characters react when Walter gives Travis the money?
What is Walter's "dream"? What's his plan?

To try to reach an agreement by discussion; to bargain
negotiate- verb
A manner of walking or running
gait- noun
To fill something again; to restore
replenish- verb
Stretched firmly; tense
taut- adjective
To regret deeply
deplore- verb
To make something ridiculous by mocking representation
Loud and harsh
strident- adjective
Disbelief
incredulity- noun
A person who is clever at mocking or copying others
mimic- noun
An overused phrase
cliché- noun
flirtingly
coquettishly- adverb
Executed without a trial; punished violently
Retaliation for hurt or harm done to oneself; revenge
vengeance- noun
Done in a questioning way
quizzical- adjective
Sharp or severe in its effect
(example: an acute pain)
acute- adjective
A change in the pitch or tone of voice
inflection- noun
Obtaining some advantage in business or politics by bribery, unfair influence, or shady means; a payoff
graft- noun
Cleared of blame or suspicion
vindicated-adjective
Act I, Scene 1
Vocabulary
Not securely; not safely; unsteadily
precariously- adverb
Feeling severe physical or mental pain
anguished
entrepreneur- noun
A person who organizes and manages a commercial undertaking; a business owner
Not showing seriousness; disrespect
flippancy- noun
A person who suffers greatly; a victim
martyr- noun
Deterioration; Going backward
retrogression- noun
An optical illusion caused by atmospheric conditions
mirage- noun
Done alone and/or unhappily; miserably
forlornly- adverb
Absurd; ridiculous; laughable
ludicrous- adjective
Intent to be amusing; humor
facetiousness- noun
friendly
amiably- adverb
Done with a desire to harm others; cruelly
maliciously- adverb
burlesque- verb
Full of high spirits; very lively
exuberant- adjective
Language used by a people or a group that does not make sense literally, but we know what it means; dialect
idiom- noun
A discovery; something revealed
revelation- noun
Force or speed of movement; a driving force
momentum- noun
Sadly; sorrowfully
plaintively- adverb
The slowing down of something
retardation- noun
Examining closely
scrutinizing- verb
Odd; unconventional in behavior or appearance
eccentric- adjective
lynched- past tense verb
Very many; countless
umpteen- adjective
Done or chosen at random; without planning; carelessly
haphazardly- adverb
Injured or disfigured by cutting off an important part
mutilated- past-tense verb or adjective
Barbarism; a lack in cultural or moral principles
heathenism- noun
Subject to abnormal anxieties or obsessive behavior
An emotionally unstable person; a person who shows abnormal anxieties or obsessive behavior
neurotic- adjective (or noun)
Slyly; stealthily
furtively- adverb
Not aggressively; modestly
unobtrusively- adverb
To pass, flow, or spread through
permeated- verb (past tense)
Open disobedience; bold resistance or challenge
defiance- noun
Greatly annoyed; irritated
exasperated- adjective
An accusation; a charge of committing a crime
indictment- noun
Irregular or uneven in movement, quality, habit
erratic- adjective
Vocabulary
Denzel Washington - Good Morning America Interview (3:33)
3. Create a character analysis Glogster.com poster
Choose a character and trace how that character changes in the play.

Choose the most important moments for the character and find graphics (pictures,
videos, voicethreads, any linkable media) to represent those scenes/moments.

With the visual media, write explanations that include:
a. What makes the moment important?
b. What do we learn about the character?
c. What generalizations can you make about the character?
Create GoAnimate.com product in which you write and animate a scene (with
explanation) that does not appear in the play.

Possibilities:
After they move
Walter at work
Beneathaʼs date with George
Ruth at the doctor
Mama with her husband 

1. Create a brochure for the Clybourne Park Community Improvement Association. Be sure that your brochure reflects the sentiments of Mr. Lidner and the other residents of Clybourne Park.
2. Create a poster for a movie version of the play. Make sure you include the title, the director, the starring actors and that it looks like a real movie poster.
3. Write a review of the play. Make sure that you use the format we went over last semester. The assignment sheets are still posted on the class webpage.
4. Write an additional scene for the play. This scene can come anywhere in the play you would like, just make sure you include a paragraph that explain where the scene goes and why you put it there. Make sure you are true to Hansberry’s style and the way the characters talk.
Act I
Act 1, Scene 1
What is the setting of the play?

Who, in your opinion, makes all the major decisions in the family?

What kind of person is Walter and what are his ambitions in life?

What important event is the whole Younger family looking forward to?

What plans for the $10,000 does each member of the family have in mind?

Act 1, Scene 2
In this scene Ruth has discovered that she is pregnant. She is considering an abortion. In your opinion, why might she want to do this? Is this is a solution to her problems?

What is revealed about the character of Beneatha in this scene?

How does her African friend view American Blacks?

The $10,000 check finally arrives in the mail. What impact does this event have on each member of the family?

Act II
Act 1, Scene 1
Compare the personalities of Walter and George Murchison. How are they different?
Do you think Lena was right in spending the money the way she wanted to? Should she have considered the wishes of Walter?
As a Black person or member of some other ethnic group, how would you feel about moving into a neighborhood where you are not welcome?
What are some of the causes of racial prejudice?

Act 1, Scene 2
In this scene Ruth has discovered that she is pregnant. She is considering an abortion. In your opinion, why might she want to do this? Is this is a solution to her problems?

What is revealed about the character of Beneatha in this scene?

How does her African friend view American Blacks?

The $10,000 check finally arrives in the mail. What impact does this event have on each member of the family?

Act I, Scene 2
Vocabulary
Act II, Scene 1
Vocabulary
Act II, Scene 2
Vocabulary
Act II, Scene 3
Vocabulary
Reading Quiz - up to Act II, Scene 2

Character Map

Discuss Act II, Scenes 1 & 2

*If time:
Final Project Info., Vocab.
Tuesday, May 20th, 2014
Act III
Vocabulary
Act I, Scene 1:
While reading, pay attention to:

Character's Dialogue
Plot
Stage directions/notes
Subtext
Ruth
Walter
Travis
Beneatha
Mama
Act II, Scene 1:
Act I, Scene 2:
While reading, pay attention to:

Character's Dialogue
Plot
Stage directions/notes
Subtext
Ruth
Walter
Travis
Beneatha
Mama
Opens at the Youngers' apartment - everyone's cleaning, George is over


oh-co-mo-go-see-a
Act I, Scene 3:
While reading, pay attention to:

Character's Dialogue
Plot
Stage directions/notes
Subtext
Ruth
Beneatha
Walter
Man
Travis
Mama
Bobo
Saturday, moving day - one week later
While reading, pay attention to:

Characters' moods/attitudes
'the Man' - who he is, why he shows up
Scene with 'the Man' at the Youngers
How the family responds
Bobo's visit to the Youngers
Bobo's news & how this changes things
Discuss Scene 3

Begin Act III

Final Test Study Guide

Essays back tomorrow
(grades are in PS)!
Tuesday, May 27th, 2014
Reminders:
Test Thursday (5/29)
Projects due Friday (5/30)
Rewrites due Monday (6/2)
Wednesday - 5/28: Finish Act III; Review

Thursday - 5/29: Raisin Final Test

Friday - 5/30: Raisin Projects & Film

Monday - 6/2: Raisin Film & Exam Review

Tuesday - 6/3: Raisin Film & Exam Review
Required - Due on Day
of Your Final:
One (1) of the following...
Personal letter to me - anything you want to share
(your way of saying goodbye to me!)

Activities/Things you liked/didn't like

Thoughts on the books - What lessons do you take-away?

What went well

What didn't go well

Your own progress in class

What was easy for you? What was hard?
Optional and if you are willing to do so!

1 - page letter from you

To be included in my teaching portfolio

Used to show a student's thoughts on my teaching
& how I might be as a teacher

Think about lessons, my 'leading' class, helpfulness, etc.

Remember how to format a letter....
To Whom It May Concern:
Sign your name!!
Class Reflection Letter
Letter of Recommendation
*Note:
I will award Extra Credit to those who choose to do both assignments!

(Turn in on separate sheets of paper!)
Remember:
I'm grateful for you all and you've given me in an incredible gift!
:)
1st Hour - 82.6%

5th Hour - 85.1%

6th Hour - 86.5%
"Raisin in the Sun" Class Averages:
#impressed
#impressed
"The last class of my old professor's life took place once a week in his house, by a window in the study where he could watch a small hibiscus plant shed its pink leaves. The class met on Tuesdays. It began after breakfast. The subject was The Meaning of Life. It was taught from experience.

No grades were given, but there were oral exams each week. You were expected to respond to questions, and you were expected to pose questions of your own. You were also required to perform physical tasks now and then, such as lifting the professor's head to a comfortable spot on the pillow or placing his glasses on the bridge of his nose. Kissing him good-bye earned you extra credit.

No books were required, yet many topics were covered, including love, work, community, family, aging, forgiveness, and, finally, death. The last lecture was brief, only a few words.

A funeral was held in lieu of graduation.

Although no final exam was given, you were expected to produce one long paper on what was learned. That paper is presented here.

The last class of my old professor's life had only one student.

I was the student."
The Curriculum
Short Sentences
Easy for readers
Keeps their attention!
Opposites/Contradictions
back-and-forth

Mitch Albom & his Writing Style
Remember: He's a journalist
Therefore, he's going to write simply & to entertain
Final Exam:
75 questions, multiple-choice
20% of semester grade
1st Hour - Wednesday, June 4th

5th Hour - Friday, June 6th

6th Hour - Friday, June 6th
http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/the-american-dream-isn-t-as-dead-as-it-sounds-152802749.html
"The American Dream Isn't as Dead as it Seems
Full transcript