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Crime In The GTA
Transcript of Crime In The GTA
Group 1 - Huma, Jennifer, Jordon, Katherine & Madelaine INTRODUCTION Crime is an extremely prevalent issue in urban societies. Crime affects the way people live, as it can confine people into staying indoors, limit their activities and affect a community’s sense of collectiveness. Crime is a very apparent dilemma in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and can be demonstrated through an analysis of youth and gang related crimes, with a look at community and Government programs implemented to address the issue. STATISTICS SHOOTINGS 2011 Toronto Gun Statistics 2010:
As of March 2013:
Out of the 56 victims, 6 were fatalities, 4 of them under the age of 16 years. (TPS, 2013) (The Grid, 2011) Guns and Class in Toronto This map demonstrates the number of fatalities in the GTA in comparison to Class. Each dot represents a victim, the majority of them under the age of 18 years. (Toronto Star, 2013) Hamilton's Youth Crime Rate A 2012 statistical report showed that while Hamilton's crime rate is dropping, the city still has the second highest crime rate.
Youth crime in Hamilton is down 5.3% from 2011. Total youth crime involvement is now at 14.2% though youth drug crimes were up 1%
Compared to 1997, youth crime has decreased by 54% (CBC, 2013) YOUTH CRIME Crime has always been a pressing issue in the GTA. Furthermore, it is our youth that are participating in these crimes that is concerning. The Toronto Police have stated that most guns found and confiscated are from youth. Community weapons (weapons used by youth that are passed around to other members to commit crimes) are becoming more prevalent. A 14-year-old girl was fatally shot during a gunfight between rival gang members at a community barbeque on Danzig St, July 2012.
The worst mass shooting to date in Toronto also killed a 23-year-old male and injured 23 others. Police deemed the incident a “planned homicide” based on the interactions discovered on Twitter just hours before the shooting began. Four men have been charged, 2 of them under the age of 17. Though Toronto Police are trying to implement different programs and initiatives to get youth involved with school and activities, the number of youth crimes are increasing. Statistics have shown that certain areas and neighborhoods of Toronto have always trended towards high crime rates and lack of facilities for youth to thrive in. These neighborhoods are where Toronto Police are beginning to focus their attention on. (Toronto Star, 2013) THE DANZIG SHOOTING (Toronto Star, 2012) (Toronto Star, 2013) GANG CRIME Besides shootings and homicides, gang activity has been linked to numerous other types of crimes such as drug sales and trafficking, breaking and entering and prostitution. Gang related crimes are one of the most prevalent crimes in the GTA. In 2000, a victimization survey of 3,393 Toronto high school students found that 5% of them reported belonging to a gang in the past and 6% reported current involvement.
Gangs tend to recruit members of a young age. Selecting youth too naive to understand the consequences of their relations with gang members and their activities. Older male gang members often become role models for the recruited youth. Government and Community Organizations Against Crime The P.I.T Program Since crime affects not only the GTA, the Government of Canada has implemented the National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS) to eradicate crime and promote safer and healthier communities. Their goal is to use properly designed interventions to positively affect behaviors. The successful interventions have displayed a reduction in victimization, social and economic costs resulting from criminal activities. Project Prevention and Intervention Toronto (P.I.T.) Program prevents youth from joining and committing gang related crimes in Toronto neighbourhoods.
The program is heavily involved with partnerships from the Toronto community which focuses on managing youth cases.
The program also encourages parental support networks and educates the community on risk factors of gang violence while finding youth opportunities for legitimate jobs.
P.I.T it is one of the many new ways Toronto based organizations and the Government of Canada are attempting to address the issue of youth crime in the GTA. (Public Safety Canada, 2012) The National Crime Prevention Strategy (Public Safety Canada, 2012) CONCLUSION The success in combating crime is not only dependant on the Government and public organizations but also the support of the communities involved. The battle against crime can be won with more well designed interventions and community driven tactics.
CBC. (2013). Youth crime in Hamilton falls for third year. In CBC Hamilton. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/hamilton/news/story/2013/03/19/hamilton-youth-crime.html
Metroland Media Group LTD. (2013). Hamilton’s violent crime rate dips, but still among worst in Ontario. In thespec.com. Retrieved from http://www.thespec.com/news/local/article/890506--hamilton_s_violent_crime_rate_dips_but_still_among_worst_in_ontario
Public Safety Canada (2012). National Crime Prevention Strategy. In Public Safety Canada. Retrieved from http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/prg/cp/ythgng/index-eng.aspx
Quick, M. (2013). Exploring crime in Toronto, Ontario with applications for law enforcement planning. In Geographic analysis of hot spots and risk factors for expressive and acquisitive crimes. Retrieved from http://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/bitstream/10012/7331/1/Quick_Matthew.pdf
The Grid. (2011). Fact Sheet: Border Crossing Patrol. In City local news. Retrieved from http://www.thegridto.com/city/local-news/fact-sheet-border-control-crossing/
Toronto Police Services. (2013) TPS Crime Statistics. In Toronto Police Service. Retrieved from http://www.torontopolice.on.ca/statistics/ytd_stats.php
Toronto Star Newspapers LTD. (2013). Guns and Class in Toronto. In Editorial Opinion. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorialopinion/2013/03/03/the_deadly_mixture_of_guns_and_class_in_toronto.html
Toronto Star Newspapers LTD. (2013) Guns seized in Toronto most often carried by youth. In CRIME. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/news/crime/2013/02/21/guns_seized_in_toronto_most_often_carried_by_youth.html
Toronto Star Newspapers LTD. (2013). Toronto community leaders decry violence after fourth youth shot dead. In CRIME. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/news/crime/2013/02/18/toronto_community_leaders_decry_violence_after_fourth_youth_shot_dead.html
Yang, J. (2012) Scarborough Shooting: What Really Happened on Danzig? In Toronto Star. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2012/07/21/scarborough_shootings_what_really_happened_on_danzig.html
Main Image: http://onlyhdwallpapers.com/car/toronto-future-skyline-high-resolution-desktop-hd-wallpaper-702291/ WORKS CITED (Quick, 2013) Communication COMM LL041
March 25th, 2013 (Toronto Star. 2013) THE END Public Safety Canada. (2011). Project Prevention and Intervention Toronto (P.I.T) Program. In Public Safety Canada. Retrieved from http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/prg/cp/ythgng/cpa09-ppitp-eng.aspx (Toronto Star, 2013)