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02.03 The Crusades: Assessment
Transcript of 02.03 The Crusades: Assessment
By; Madaja Turner
The First Crusade (1096-1099)
The Second Crusade 1147-1149
In 1146, the city of Edessa, the bulwark of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem on the side towards Mesopotamia, was taken by the Turks, and the entire population was slaughtered, or sold into slavery and that caused the second Crusade Second Crusade was a failure, despite some success in the Mediterranean. nstead of the crusaders wanting to protect Edessa they wanted to take Damascus.
The Fourth Crusade 1202-1204
In 1198, Pope Innocent III called for a new Crusade. During this there was a failed attempt to rouse any monarchs. The leader of this crusade was French knights . They were persuaded by lords to take the Eastern Orthodox church. Constantinople was put under Roman power and they lost power to the Muslims.
The Fifth Crusade 1213-1221
The leader od the fifth Crusde was King Andrew II from Hungary. He went in to The Holy Land then Egypt and failed his attempt of conquering. The Ayyubid state in Egypt was supposed to be conquered and was failed.
Holy Land History
The Holy lands were divided into the regions. T
he region in Southwest Asia that makes up Israel
lands, including the city of Jerusalem
, Christianity, & Islam. . European kings and lords organized their armies to launch a series of military voyage, called The Crusades to get back the Holy Land from the Turks . The Turks was in control of the Holy Land at the time and they fought for they claim .
The First Crusade played a very important part in Medieval England. The First Crusade was an attempt to re-capture Jerusalem. The 1st Crusaders was led by Godfrey of Bouillon and other lords, marched from Constantinople through lands held by Seljuk Turks to Antioch. In 1096-1099.e. The first crusade state of Edessa was created. The Crusaders reached Jerusalem in 1098, and fought for over a month before the people of Jerusalem finally surrendered. Baldwin became king of Jerusalem.
The Third Crusade 1189-1192
At this time Jerusalem was still under Muslim control. King Richard tried to gain control during this time. King Richard did make an agreement with his enemies for Christians to enter their Holy Land to visit their shrines. Only King Richard I, remained to lead the Christian armies. Frederick Barbarossa died in the midst of the crusade, and Phillip returned to Europe after the capture of Acre in 1191. Richard managed a lot of campaigns against Jerusalem.
A Call To Arms
The Sixth Crusade 1228-1229
Fredrick II the Holy Roman Empire led the sixth crusade and regained control of Jerusalem. Fredrick II wasn't pleased with how the last outcome was. The sixth crusade was a success in which succeeded in regaining the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1228.
In 1905 the Pope Urban saw an opportunity for the power . Emperor Byzantine Emperor appealed to Pope Urban II for defending the Byzantine Empire. The Turks were killed. Since they were Muslim the Pope did not want any power to remain in the hands of Infidels.
The People's Crusade
Pope Urban II call to arms The wave of religious enthusiasm swept across Europe. 1096, a French monk named Peter the Hermit pulled together a disorganized army. Together, they plunged eastward toward Constantinople. Known as the People’s Crusade. Peter's army crossed over into Anatolia and the Peoples Crusade didn't turn out to good
Chronicler of the Crusades
One important source of information about the Crusades was the authors Cleric, and Scholar. The Christians were not the only ones to record the events of the Crusades.