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eBooks and Libraries: overview and issues
Transcript of eBooks and Libraries: overview and issues
How do libraries get eBooks?
Why isn't this eBook working on my device?
The Way out
eBooks can be confusing, both in access and purchasing.
They are files
-eBooks are comprised of downloadable files. These files come in multiple formats.
They use DRM's
Digital Rights Management
-protects copyright, prevents sharing, controls duration of use
-illegal to break DRM
- epub: unofficial industry standard
- kindle: for amazon *
They require software
- Adobe digital editions: unofficial industry standard
- kindle: Amazon *
- Overdrive: uses multiple software types
Types of DRM
- Amazon *
Each individual makes their own decisions and policies about eBooks.
Things to Consider:
- lease or own? Purchase on Demand?
- concurrent users?
- perpetual access?
- cataloging practices
- IP ranges: proxy or main?
- Open sources? Project Gutenburg
- Privacy of patrons = *
This video is by Sarah Houghton of San Rafael Public Library in CA on kindle lending with Overdrive.
Points of the Video
1. Libraries end up endorsing a company/service because upon lending borrowers are prompted to buy the book at Amazon.
2. Links your borrowing to your personal Amazon account. This means all lending activities end up being tracked by a corporation.
3. Reader Privacy laws that essentially says reader borrowing habits are protected.
Is the patron using a Kindle device
Kindle DOES NOT talk with Adobe DRM. Therefore, the only software and DRM available for kindle books at the moment is Overdrive.
Other questions to ask patrons:
1. How long was the item checked out?
2. Did they download the item correctly into the software?
3. Is the digital content still available to the library?
Are the files, software and DRM compatible?
1. Adobe Digital Editions
2. Adobe Digital Editions
or, for all 3, Overdrive
Some software is already installed in the device. Example: kindles have kindle software and DRM already installed.
- ebrary/academic complete (rent)
- EBSCO (netlibrary) (own)
- Books 24x7 (rent)
- EBL (purchase on demand)
- and, of course, Overdrive *
Types of Vendors
table provided by Steven Harris
If a DRM is required by the file, it must be compatible with the software.
Check the file extension
Example 1: a HTML extension will need to be connected to the internet to open.
Is the patron using an Apple device?
Apple is NOT compatible with Adobe Digital Editions software
Therefore, they will need to download an app that can convert this software need.
The app is called: BlueFire
There are others as well, this is the most popular
Example 2: a kindle extension (.azw) needs to be used on a kindle device.
Rent vs. Own
Purchase on Demand module:
1. Vendor sends material based on a profile
2. Patron discovers material
3. After <3 *uses* library automatically purchases book
Good eReader comparison table at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_e-book_readers
One way around this is if an eBook is available in PDF and the reader has software to support those files instead.
1. Library identifies books to purchase and follows acquisitions procedures
2. Vendor sends materials
3. Materials are part of the library collection indefinitely.
1. Library sets up profile with vendor
2. Vendor sends materials
3. Library periodically removes these rented titles from collection.
What is in a license?
How many users can access the book concurrently?
Will the library have perpetual access on purchases?
Are materials available remotely (IP ranges or proxy)?
What about access?
Will the library get MARC records? If so, how? If not, what will the user need to do to discover and access the title?
At UNM we only sign licenses that provide MARC records. We add special tags in 690, 590, and 655 for identification needs
- UNM has over 600,000 eBooks!
- The majority of those are purchased.
- Preference is for MUPO over SUPO.
The file format, software, and DRM need to match.
Not all vendors are the same or offer the same access. Know your vendor.
Not all licenses provide the same services. Know your license.
By: Emily Veenstra-Ott, email@example.com
2013 NMLA: mini-conference, Oct. 18, 2013