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Autism

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Caroline McGavock

on 21 May 2009

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Transcript of Autism

Autism •Occurs anywhere and everywhere
•Lasts for entire life
•Affects what people hear, touch, or see
•Difficulties with acting normally in public or interacting with other people
•Severity and symptoms vary
•Usually obvious within first 3 years of life


Causes Description Genetic Environmental Other Causes


•1 in every 150 children in the United States
•1.5 million Americans infected
•Rate of autism rising 10-17% annually
•Males 4 times as likely to develop autism
•1 in 94 boys
•Fastest growing developmental disability

Statistics Discovered by Leo Kanner
1943
Thought autism was caused by bad parenting
His theory was false
How was it discovered? •Diagnosed based on clinical observation
•Tested by professionals
•CARS, Autism Diagnostic Checklist, and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test-2 are all examples of tests
•Children suspected of having autism take standardized tests
•Psychologists, psychiatrists, developmental pediatricians, and school psychologists diagnose autism
How is it diagnosed? Symptoms Social Skills Language Behavior •Doesn’t respond to name
•Bad eye contact
•Appears to not hear you
•Oblivious of other’s feelings
•Resists contact (cuddling)
•Prefers playing alone
•Starts talking later
•Loses ability to say certain words
•Abnormal tone or rhythm when speaking
•Can’t start a conversation or keep a conversation going
•May repeat words
•Repetitive movements
•Disturbed by changes
•Routines or rituals
•Constantly moves
•Fascinated by parts of an object
•Sensitive to light, sound, and touch
•Oblivious to pain
Prevention Treatments
Current Research Long-term Outlook •Nothing that has been discovered can actually prevent autism
•Don’t inject harmful substances during pregnancy
•Don’t do anything that could put the baby in harm during pregnancy
•Researchers still don’t know a specific cause so there can be no prevention
•Scientists and researchers trying to find a cure
•Keep finding out more things about autism, but not yet enough for a cure

•No single treatment is right for everybody
•Different cases of autism vary
•Must begin treatment as early as possible
•Must address different children’s needs, strengths, and weaknesses
•Will take a while to find a treatment that works for everybody
•Intervention is very important in finding what is right for different children

•Perception and Cognition-studies difficulties in feeling empathy and strengths in organization and attention to detail
•Screening and Diagnosis-works on developing earlier and more thorough screening for autism
•Intervention-promotes empathy and teaches emotional recognition
•Hormones-studies how hormones are related to autism
•Genetics and Proteomics-studies the association between strong systemizing and the number of autistic characteristics
•Neuroscience-studies brain development and function


•Different for different people
•Regressive autism- “regress” as they get older meaning their autism gets worse with age
•IDEA- states that the state must provide all autistic children with free public education that works for their specific needs
•Coping is difficult, but gets easier with time

•Abnormalities in brain function or structure
•Pattern of autism in some families
•Researchers have been searching for irregularities in the genetic code that autistic people have
•Cluster of unstable genes could have interfered with brain development •Environmental toxins could be behind the sudden rise of autism
•Heavy metals like mercury •Autism occurs more in individuals who have…
-Fragile X Syndrome
-Tuberous Sclerosis
-Congenital Rubella Syndrome
-Untreated phenylketonuria
•Harmful substances ingested during pregnancy increase the risk of autism
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