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Transcript of Pearl Harbor
Headquarters of the US Pacific Fleet
Attack on Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 United States Japan Japanese Imperial Army
Isoroku Yamamoto VS Empire of Japan United States Husband Kimmel
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Bibliography
"14 Part Message"
5,000 word notification
Printed on the front page of Japan's newspapers
Dec 8, 1941
Surprise Attack Before the Attack http://www.pearlharboroahu.com/after.htm Neutralize the U.S. Pacific Fleet
Protect Japan's advance
Into Dutch East Indies & Malaya
Wanted access to oil, rubber,and other natural resources http://pearlharbor.org http://history1900s.about.com/od/Pearl-Harbor/a/Pearl-Harbor-Facts.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor Wave 1 - North of Oahu
-Commander Mitsuo Fuchida
-3 groups with Goals Group 3: 45 Mitsubishi A6M Zeke fighters Group 1: 50 Nakajima B5N Kate bombers & 40 B5N bombers. Their targets were battleships and aircraft carriers. Group 2: 54 Aichi D3A Ford Island and Wheeler Field Targeted aircraft
Ford Island, Kanrohe,Hickam Field, Wheeler Field, Barber’s Point 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time
U.S. Army SCR-270 radar
353 Japanese planes in two waves
Attacked U.S. air bases across Oahu Pearl Harbor Attack Questions? Lieutenant-Commander Shigekazu Shimazaki
Four planes failed
171 Japanese planes Japanese Declare War
188 were destroyed
155 of them on the ground American Aircraft Composition Ninety minutes
2,386 Americans died
Eighteen ships were sunk Beginning End Group 1 54 B5Ns
Split in 2 Groups (27 each)
Targeted aircraft and hangars
1 went to Kaneohe, Ford Island,
and Barbers Point
Other Hickam Field Group 2 81 D3As
Targeted aircraft carriers and cruisers Group 3 36 A6Ms
for defense and strafing Strafing is "the practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons." http://www.history.com/topics/pearl-harbor Modern World History What we can learn http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/news/date-which-will-live-infamy/?ar_a=4 2,395 American Casualties Niihau Incident
Hawaii becomes military base
- identification cards required
-Japanese sent to camps America declares war
- Tripartite Pact
America's economy improves