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Censorship in Literature

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by

Katie Guernsey

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Censorship in Literature

Reactance Theory
We always want what we can't have
Study on Children's Views
Results
Children will get what they want, one way or another
Piqued interest once a book was restricted
Using sensitive material as a teaching tool

Ethical Principles:
The duty to not cause harm
Effect on the Mind
In Education
What Can We Do?
Help protect our f
read
om!
Protecting our human dignity

Stay current on censorship issues
American Library Association
The Freedom to Read Foundation

Report censorship to ALA’s Office for Intellectual Freedom

Make sure you aren't participating in this behavior.
In Law
First Amendment: Freedom of Speech and Press
Board of Education, Island Trees Union Free School District v. Pico (1982)
School curriculum and library censorship laws are made by local boards,
not
Federal
Obscenity, child pornography are exceptions

Ethical Principles:
Individual Freedom
Truth
Katie Guernsey
Censorship in Literature
Psychology
Law
Education
What Censorship Affects
Freedom
Tolerance
The Duty to Not Cause Harm
Ethical & Christian Humanist Principles
Human Dignity
Truth
Commitment to the Common Good
399 BC
1559
1644
1787
Socrates forced to drink poison for "his corruption of youth and his acknowledgment of unorthodox divinities"
China's First Censorship Law
Pope Paul IV ordered the first
Index Librorum Prohibitorum
in 1559
John Milton fights for free expression rights in England
History of Censorship
300 AD
Opposing View
Rebuttal
Selection
over
censorship
Exploring
rather than
ignoring
Protecting vulnerable minds
"Censorship is the suppression of ideas and information that certain persons—individuals, groups or government officials—find objectionable or dangerous." (ALA)
What
is
censorship?
Banned Core Books
1,577 - "sexually explicit" material
1,291 - "offensive language"
989 - "unsuited to age group";
619 - "violence"
361 - "homosexuality"
291 - "religious viewpoint"
274 - "occult" or "Satanic" themes
119 - "anti-family"

Why are books challenged?
"American Library Association Home Page." American Library Association. American Library Association, 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Cleee, Mona A., and Robert A. Wicklund. "Consumer Behavior and Psychological Reactance." Journal of Consumer Research 6.4 (1980): 389-405. JSTOR. Mar. 1980. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
"Illinois Library Association Home Page." Illinois Library Association, 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Isajlovic-Terry, Natasha, and Lynne (E.F.) McKechnie. "An Exploratory Study Of Children's Views Of Censorship." Children & Libraries: The Journal Of The Association For Library Service To Children 10.1 (2012): 38-43. Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
Kirsten Stewart, “Twilight Book Missing after Parent
Complains,” Salt Lake Tribune, Mar. 19, 2009,
Smith, Cortney. "A Comparative Case Study of Censorship in Public Schools: “The Chocolate Wars” and the “Battle of the Books”." Communication Law Review, 2008. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Tisdel, Michelle. "Beacon for Freedom of Expression." Beacon for Freedom of Expression. National Library of Norway, 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.

The United States passes the First Amendment, guaranteeing freedom of speech and of the press.
1,639 challenges in school libraries
1,811 were in classrooms
1,217 took place in public libraries

Ethical Principles:
Tolerance
Common Good
1. Captain Underpants (series), by Dav Pilkey.
2. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, by Sherman Alexie.
3. Thirteen Reasons Why, by Jay Asher.
4. Fifty Shades of Grey, by E. L. James.
5. And Tango Makes Three, by Peter Parnell and Justin Richardson.
6. The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini.
7. Looking for Alaska, by John Green.
8. Scary Stories (series), by Alvin Schwartz
9. The Glass Castle, by Jeanette Walls
10. Beloved, by Toni Morrison
Top Ten Books Challenged in 2012
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