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Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe
Transcript of Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe
Class 8GY Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe The Medieval times were horrible, it was one of the most bloodthirsty eras in history. Torture chambers and dungeons were found in almost every castle. Torture in those days was seen as a legitimate way to extract confessions and punish people.
A criminal was seen as someone who had 'disturbed the king's peace'. Conditions in the goals were dirty and crowded, if the prisoners survived, they were often executed in public and watched by large crowds. What exactly was life like in the Middle Ages? Today you will particularly be learning about the instruments of torture in medieval Europe. Rebellion/treason: They were hung and just before they died, they were quartered. Crimes and their Punishments 1. Thumbscrews: An instrument of torture used to crush the thumb Five instruments of Torture 1. Ripping out teeth and nails.
5. Bone breaking.
6. Limb/finger removal.
10. Dislocation. Ten Methods of Torture First Second Third Fourth The worst kinds of punishments Thanks for watching, just remember, never try this at home kids! :) Witchcraft: (death) Being burned at the stake was the most common punishment. (torture) The accused were left naked, arms and legs spread out and left in the sun for days. This resulted in bad sunburn which meant that whenever they moved excruciating pain would be caused. A medieval dungeon This is a medieval picture of Joan of Arc being burnt at the stake Vagrancy: (A vagrant person was usually someone poor who wandered around place to place without a home or regular work) The punishment for this in the 1530's was getting whipped, and in the 1540's you would be hung. Stealing/murder: Basically punishable by death. Lesser crimes: You would have to pay a fine and be publicly humiliated by being put in the stocks for a certain time period. A person being put in the stocks as punishment 2. Branding irons: A long metal rod that had a letter on one side and a wooden handle on the other. The irons would be heated up and then the side of the rod with the letter would be pressed into the victim's skin. 3. Water torture: This horrible method of torture still exists today. One method in the Medieval Times consisted of forcing the victim to drink water and then jumping on their stomach, making the water rise and the victim choke. 4. Brank: This method of torture was used to humiliate gossipy women. A metal cage would be worn around their head and sometimes different adornments would be added to humiliate her even further. This was also called the Scolds Bridle. 5. Ducking stools: The victim was tied to a chair and ducked into a pond or a pool of water. This method of torture was specifically designed for women. Witches would often by punished this way. Later on, the 'ducking' was inflicted without a chair. This meant that the victim had her right thumb bound to her left toe, a rope was then attached to her waist and she was thrown into the water. If she floated, then she was guilty and if she drowned, she was innocent. Methods of torture differentiate from instruments of torture in this way: the methods are more like the result, whereas the instrument is (as its name suggests) the equipment used to obtain those end results. THE STRAPPADO:
The victims hands are first tied behind their backs and then suspended by ropes (midair) attached to their wrists. Sometimes weights were added to the body to intensify the pain. THE BRODEQUIN:
Wooden boards would be placed on either side of the victim's legs and tied with rope. Wedges were then pushed into the boards with a mallet until the bones burst. THE MAIDEN:
The victim was tied inside a small cupboard like place (it was just big enough to fit the person inside) and the door would then be closed on them. The inside of the door had spikes protruding from it, which meant that they would penetrate the victim's skin. The Maiden was designed so that the person inside could not hear or see anything. THE WHEEL:
The structure was basically a large wooden wheel with spokes. The victim's limbs were tied to the spokes and the Wheel was slowly turned. The torturer would hit the victim with an iron hammer, which would shatter their bones. Once all of the victim's bones were broken, the victim was left half-dead to die. Often birds would come and pick at the rotting, alive corpse. This method of torture was the worst because it was the most painful and took the longest to die.