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Proud History of Korea, Goguryeo
Transcript of Proud History of Korea, Goguryeo
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Proud History of Korea, Goguryeo
- Goguryeo occupied all of vast range
- Existed 705 years from 37 B.C.
- One of the grandest ancestral civilizations
of its time
The rise of Goguryeo
- Goguryeo is located in the Tongge River basin, in all of Northern Korea, most of Manchuria and some of Inner Mongolia
- The third capital city of Goguryeo was Pyonyang because of the following geographical factors:
1. It was located in Taedong River which flows southwards of the Korean Peninsula
2. Making Pyongyang a very rich agricultural region.
3. With the access of the river, they had direct trading which improved the economy and politics
Inner power struggle, betrayal and many more factors caused the fall of Goguryeo in 668 AD .
The fall of Goguryeo
King Gwanggaetto (391-413)
King Jangsu (413-491)
Koguryo's Wars with Sui and Tang (598- 668)
- The Sui Dynasty from China created a series of campaigns against Goguryeo between 598 AD-614 AD. However, the war ended with the defeat of Sui in 618 AD.
- Many factors resulted in the Goggureo-Tang war:
1. Tang was in alliance with Sui, therefore, it needed to protect Sui
2. To punish Tang's Generalissimo Yeon Gaesomun for killing King Yeongnyu of Goguryeo was another cause for the Tang war against Goguryeo.
- Tang's campaign against Goguryeo started in 645 AD.
- Eventually, Goguryeo's was defeated in 668 AD and it became part of the Unified Silla (668-935).
- Zolbon area in the Yalu River valley.
- Founder: King chumo(Gojumong)
- First of the three kingdoms of Korea
- Lack of farmlands -> couldn’t afford its population -> Active conquests
- King Chumo : 37BC-19 BCE
- The 6th king
- Conquered Okjeo and Dongyae which have fertile lands and abundant resources
- A royal hereditary system of last name, Go had been established. - > strengthened royal authority
- Made a system of 5 clans
- The 9th King
- Central governing system.(centralization of authority in Goguryeo) by turning the five clans systems into five provinces-> Firmed royal control of the military, economy, and politics.
- Adopted a meritocratic system -> discovered talented people
- Turned the brothers hereditary system to father and son hereditary system.
The rise of Goguryeo
- The external conflicts which included the Silla-Tang alliance costed Goguryeo its loss of Baekje in 660.
- The alliance between Silla and the Tang Dynasty in
648 made Goguryeo their common enemy making them more unified and strong.
- Following the external conflicts came the internal conflicts.
- Internal conflicts between Yeongaesomun's sons after his death.
- 19th King
- King of Conquests
- Conquered some castles and the area of
Imjin river of Bakjae. + Guran, Huyeon, Buyeo and Malgal
-> Constructed great empire
- Gwanggaeto Daewang leungbi
- Capital city: To Pyonyang from Guknaesung
- Southern expansion policy
- Jeungwon Goguryeo bi
Goguryeo people enjoyed music, hunting, and archery.
Hunting and archery contests took place. Advance archery skills were esteemed in this society; it was an honour if one possessed high levels of archery skills.
Tomb of King Dongmyeong
Goguryeo's social structure was one of rigid hierarchical order.
Goguryeo government was a monarchy. Royalty was at the top of the social order.
Social discipline was established through laws and orders ensuring power of the state.
Aristocratic families were also powerful
A large majority of the populace were farmers who paid heavy taxes and had to fulfill military service and required labor.
Slaves were at the bottom of the social order.
- The unifying of both Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) dynasties in China
Goguryeo accepted Buddhism and daisom.
Goguryeo royalty was to believed to be of divine origin leading to a strong national pride.
Dongmeang - a festival used to confirm and deepen faith that royalty was of divine origin. Different social classes and even royalty came together to participate.
Goguryeo language dialects have influenced modern Korean.
Wagons were used as a mode of transportation for goods.
Steel and iron was an export to other kingdoms.
Goguryeo economically flourished with these exports.
Roads were constructed and highly maintained in order that wagons could effectively move cargo.
The Fall of Goguryeo