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Muscle Disorders in Sports

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by

Bo Wampler

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Muscle Disorders in Sports

MUSCLE
DISORDERS IN SPORTS OVERVIEW
There are many kinds of sports injuries that involve muscle injuries/disorders. These include: sprains, strainwww.essortment.com/muscular-disorders-26892.htmls, and contusions. The sport that experiences the majority of these injuries is football. Regions of the body infected mainly include: the shoulder, knee, and ankle. Treatments for injuries in these areas include: effective heat application, antibiotics, and physical therapy. TYPES OF MUSCLE DISORDERS IN SPORTS MUSCLE CRAMPS Muscles may cramp when overworked. Muscle cramps are sudden, tight, and intense moments of pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm or by abnormal functioning of the nerves which control the muscles. Cramps are also recognized as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. They are very painful and sometimes disabling. Massaging and gently stretching against the pull of the muscle may help to relieve the pain. OVERTRAINED SYNDROME Overtrained Syndrome frequently occurs in athletes who are training for competiton or a specific event and have trained beyond the body's ability to recover. MUSCLE PULL The most common sports injury is a muscle pull, which can in fact happen to almost any muscle in the body. A muscle pull is a sudden, severe force that is applied to the muscle and the fibers and are stretched beyond their capability. Only some of the fibers are torn in a muscle pull. There is little that can be done to prevent a pull other than staying limber and working your muscles regularly. Treatments include: ice, rest, and stretching. TORN MUSCLE A more serious muscle disorder in sports is a torn muscle. Torn muscles occur when muscle fibers are completely ripped. It can result from heavy lifting or a sudden pull/force. Sometimes during a torn muscle, tendons rupture or are pulled from the bone. Torn muscles take much longer to heal than other muscle diseases in athletes. Treatments are: ice, heat, and rest. EXAMPLES OF MUSCLE DISORDERS IN THE SPORTS WORLD WINTER SPORTS AND COLD-RELATED INJURIES Sports and exercising in cold weather places extra demand on the body. Common cold-related injuries include muscle sprains and strains, hypothermia and "snow blindness". Though the risks can be reduced, be alert for signs of hypothermia and frostbite. CHARLEY HORSE A very common muscle injury among athletes is a Charley Horse. A Charely Horse is a type of cramp caused by vigorous exercise such as athletic activities. IOWA FOOTBALL The University of Iowa stated recently that 13 football players had to be hospitalized with a muscle disorder following grueling offseason workouts that left them with extreme soreness and discolored urine. The players are suffering from rhabdomyolysis, a stress-induced syndrome that can damage cells and cause kidney damage and even failure in severe cases. While this is a rare case of muscle disorder, it can also be a sign of things to come for other teams as workouts continue to become more grueling every year.
SOURCES: www.essortment.com/muscular-disorders-26892.html;
www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-most-common-muscle-disorders.htm;
sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=6061650;
www.healthinsite.gov.au/topics/Muscular_Diseases
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