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G8: Keeping our promises

Since 2002, the G8 has promised to play its part in international development. These are the promises they made. This is the progress so far…
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DFID UK

on 11 June 2015

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Transcript of G8: Keeping our promises

G8: Keeping our promises
"This generation has seen
the fastest fall in poverty
in human history"

2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002
...the group of G8 countries* have promised to play their part in international development
This is the progress so far...
G8 Accountability Report, 2013
Promise:
Progress:
Over the last decade, the G8 made several commitments to help poor countries directly, from cancelling debts to increasing levels of aid.

While action to cancel debts has been agreed by all, the slowdown of the global economy has slowed down wider aid spending. Individual country assessments against the 2005 commitments shows mixed progress. But overall, aid to poor countries remained fairly constant.

Good progress is being made on making sure aid has a real impact - by agreeing ways to track where the money goes and to see what results it achieves. But there is still more work to be done.

Since
50
40
30
20
10
%
1990
2000
1995
2005
2010
2015?
In 2010 the G8 Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health generated some $60 billion of commitments - but the money will mean nothing if it's effectiveness is not monitored.

Canada has helped to make sure the funding is evaluated at every level, to see which
countries are achieving their health targets.

We now know what is working -
globally, maternal deaths nearly
halved from 1990 - 2011.
The number of people living on less than $1.25 a day has been dropping dramatically since 1990 - from 43% to an estimated
by
2015
FALLING FAST
IS
16%
*Canada, France, Germany, Italy,
Japan, Russia, the USA and UK
These are the promises they made
Aid and debt relief
Satisfactory
Promise:
Case study:
Aid
Canada
Promise:
Progress:
Economic development
Good
Women participate in the ownership of more than 34% of businesses worldwide. Yet women business owners win less than 1% of big corporate and government contracts.

The UK is funding an International Trade Centre project to overcome this gap – by better connecting female entrepreneurs to big firms and buyers.

So far, over 2,000 women working in sectors such as coffee, jewellery and garments have been linked up to new markets, creating $20 million in new sales.
Promise:
Case study:
Economic development
United Kingdom
Promise:
Progress:
G8 leaders made many ambitious promises on health in the past 10 years, prioritising increased immunisation and improving maternal and child health.

Their funding has been one of the best weapons in the fight against diseases, financing over 73% of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria so far.

G8 support will also be felt in the future, thanks to commitments made in 2005 which helped the registration of 43 new medical products over the last decade – that’s 43 potential new cures.

Health
Good
Pakistan is just one of three remaining countries where polio still persists – but possibly not for much longer.

Japan joined up with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to lend money to the country – fighting a surge of the disease with health workers and oral vaccines.

While Japan put up the cash, the Foundation promised to pay it back if the programme met its targets – encouraging wise use of the money. Sure enough, polio cases plummeted by over two-thirds from 2011 – 2012.

Promise:
Case study:
Health
Japan
There has been positive progress by the G8 to support trade
and development, including infrastructure and investment - particularly in Africa.

Much of this help has been in the form of financial or technical assistance, as well as building partnerships across trade regions among developing nations.

In total, the G8 contributed over $20 billion in "aid for trade" by 2011. However, progress to halve the cost of sending money to individuals in developing countries has been slower than expected.

Promise:
Progress:
Simple taps and toilets are a key building block for longer-term progress. Without them, disease spreads and countless children die.

That's why the G8 promised to keep up the political momentum on water and sanitation since 2003 and, collectively, have increased aid for this issue by 16% from 2010-2011.

The G8 is leading the push - providing 75% of all direct foreign aid from wealthy nations in 2011. Beyond funding, the group provides technical expertise and political pressure to keep it in the spotlight.

Water & sanitation
Good
France has put water and sanitation at the forefront of its foreign aid, committing to doubling its assistance since 2003.

At the 2003 G8 Summit in Evian, the hosts helped bring together the Water Action Plan to tackle water and sanitation issues for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

The French now provide access to safe drinking water for 800,000 people a year and sanitation for 500,000 people a year.

Promise:
Case study:
Water & sanitation
France
Promise:
A billion people across the world go to bed hungry every night.
In 2007 – 2008, the tragedy was magnified as food prices spiked.

The G8 and its partners responded through the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative in 2009 – promising to act quickly, pledging over $22 billion to support agriculture and food security over the next 3 years.

Progress continues with the launch of the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition - a commitment that brings together African leaders, businesses, and donors to lift 50 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa out of poverty over the next ten years.

Food
With the Feed the Future initiative, the US is helping to catalyse business investments in agriculture that fit with developing countries' own priorities – with a focus on new technologies and management.

Last year, its efforts in Tanzania alone reached some 18,000 rural households and saw nearly 17,000 hectares cultivated using improved technologies.

Investments centre on innovative solutions such as "nitrogen-fixing" trees that improve soil. Already, rice yields increased over 50% and exports by $340 million as a result of the programme.

Promise:
Food
Promise:
The G8 joined the global drive to get all children into primary school in 2000, stepping up support via the 2002 Global Partnership for Education.

From 2011 – 2012, the G8 provided half of all funding to the Global Partnership, as well as supporting other individual initiatives,
underscoring its ongoing commitment to education.

The number of children out of school has fallen from 105 million in 1999 to 61 million today, but at least 250 million still can't read or count. Quality – as well as quantity - must be the focus for future progress.

Education
Russia's Education Aid for Development scheme makes sure teachers are having an impact in the classroom by focussing on ways to measure pupils' progress.

Since 2008 the programme has helped to improve learning in some of the world's poorest countries, identifying any gaps in student assessments and also helping to set out key performance indicators.

The approach is tailored to each country, but the effects are wide ranging – from the training of existing staff to the creation of new national exam boards.

Promise:
Education
Promise:
Countries only prosper when governing institutions work the way they should - so people can get on without corruption getting in the way.

Together, the G8 has provided well over $1 billon each year since 2007 in support of good governance in Africa – and it’s getting good results. The Ibrahim Index on African governance reports that between 2006 and 2011 70% of African countries had shown overall improvement.

G8 countries have done their bit too – new bribery laws and safeguards have meant that between 2006 and 2009, the US and UK returned $122 million of corruptly acquired assets back where they belong.

Governance
Oil and minerals are often described as a "curse" for poor countries – but with transparent and fair management these resources can be used to help transform countries.

The G8 has been working for positive change by supporting the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative – a project which trains people in government, business and beyond to apply best standards and practice.

Germany alone has trained 300 "change agents" to begin the transparency revolution in extractive industries. They in turn have gone on to train colleagues in over 40 countries worldwide.

Promise:
Governance
Promise:
The G8 has already met its commitment to train over 75,000 peacekeeping troops, but the job continues with a new focus on police training to maintain law and order as well as protecting human rights.

Security issues also extend to the seas and efforts to tackle piracy – for example, off the East coast of Africa where G8 support led to the Djibouti Code of Conduct.

A recent breakthrough this year has been the international Arms Trade Treaty – finally adopted at the UN after G8 countries pushed hard for a deal that would regulate all conventional weapons around the world.

Peace & security
With an increasing need for police to support peacekeeping around the world, Italy set up a "centre of excellence" in 2005 that has now trained over 4,300 people from more than 20 countries.

Drawing on the skills and expertise of its own Carabinieri force, the centre provides training on site and in participants' home countries.

The centre continues to be forward-thinking, designing specialised courses such as training that helps police to prevent and investigate sexual violence.

Promise:
Peace & security
Promise:
Climate change will hit developing nations first, and hit them hardest, that's why the G8 focussed its resources on helping countries to adapt with $10 billion in 2010 - 2011 for projects in 100 countries.

Conserving valuable natural resources has largely centred on crackdowns against the illegal timber trade, while the wider efforts to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 has been less successful.

The G8 continues to increase support for green energy sources, getting behind the Sustainable Energy for All initiative launched by the United Nations in 2011.

Environment & energy
Over the past 5 years, an EU-wide programme has been helping the most 'at-risk' developing countries to deal with climate change – such as low-lying islands under threat from rising sea-levels.

From Bangladesh to Belize and from Ethiopia to the Solomon Islands – it helps countries to adapt as well as reducing the risk of a crisis turning into a catastrophe.

Take Jamaica – here, 306 hectares of mangrove forest have been replanted along the coast, helping provide a natural buffer against destructive storm surges.

Promise:
"The G8 has catalysed action,
influenced global policies
and mobilised resources"
"G8 leaders have been consistently engaged
in addressing the challenges of poverty
reduction and sustainable development"
Case study:
Italy
Progress:
Satisfactory
Case study:
European Union
For the full details of over 60 promises
and the progress made so far, go to:

www.gov.uk/G8
For the full details of over 60 promises
and the progress made so far, go to:

www.gov.uk/G8
Progress:
Good
Case study:
United States
Case study:
Russia
G8 Accountability Report 2013
Good
Progress:
Germany
Case study:
Good
Progress:
Satisfactory
Progress:
Environment & energy
Full transcript