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Culture: Fashion, Language, and Lifestyle in the 1920's

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fariha abigail

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Culture: Fashion, Language, and Lifestyle in the 1920's

Culture: Fashion, Language, and Lifestyle in the 1920's

Language in the 1920's
Some of the slang was:
Bootlegger- Supplier of illegal liquor
Brawl- Party
Handcuff- Engagement ring
Bee's Knees- An extraordinary person
Bimbo- A tough guy
Bird- An odd person
Flapper- A stylish women
Ossified- Drunk
Gold Digger - women who associate with or marry men for wealth
Changes in Women
Women were expected to uphold good morals and manners of society but that quickly changed with the new women and their ideas of what is considered proper
Hairstyles became bobbed or cut short
Women were becoming more independent through looks and attitude
Flappers came about (a stylish young woman with short skirts and shorter hair)
Flappers cared more about parties than politics
Women started smoking, drinking, dancing wildly and gave out kisses freely
Cosmetics became a large business
Women started to drink and smoke heavily
Women got the right to vote
Lifestyles in the 1920's
radios, telephones and motion pictures allowed everyone to become closer together communication wise
rates of divorce inscreased as well as affairs outside of marriage
plenty of racial and ethnic conflict
money spent on movies, dances and sports rose 300 percent
prohibition turned saloons into speakeasies (an illegal liquor shop or drinking club)
money made through illegal ways
public mingling of sexes, classes and ethnicities
demanded to dance to wild music
social dancing became popular throughout the new dance halls
discrimination between sexes was prevalent
Fashion in the 1920's
Women Wore:
low cut pumps
hemlines to the knees
undergarments just a layer of silk
corsets became a thing of the past
dresses featured a drop waist or no waist at all
looser clothing
women's dresses became more masculine
cloche hats

Connection to The Great Gatsby
Mens fashion: "[Gatsby] took out a pile of shirts...of sheer linen and thick silk and fine flannel" (Fitzgerald, Chapter 5, page 92)
Womens fashion: "[Daisy and Jordan] were both in white and their dresses were rippling and fluttering" (Chapter 1, page 8)
" in white knickerbockers" (Chapter 4, page 62)
"He had on a dress suit and patent leather shoes" (Chapter 2, page 36)
Pre-War Fashion
Women Wore:
high lace-up boots
hemlines at ankle or lower
long hair
emphasis on shapeliness of feminine body
layers upon layers of undergarments
restraining corsets
Men Wore:
knickers
short knee pants
knee high boots
wide leg trousers
coloured printed silk fashion for men with wealth
top hats with tails for special occasions
tailcoats as formal wear
men's fashion became less regimented and formal
Connection to
The Great Gatsby
Fashion in the 1920's
Fashion Pre-War
Daisy was seen as a
gold-digger
: "She vanished into her rich house, into her rich, full life, leaving Gatsby---nothing"(Chapter 8, page 149)
Gatsby was thought to be a
bootlegger
: "A lot of these newly rich people are just big bootleggers" (Fitzgerald, Chapter 6, page 107)
Owl eyes was a
bird
compared to everyone else
Connection to The Great Gatsby
Mannerisms:

Tom and Myrtles affair - "Tom's got some woman in New York" (Fitzgerald, Chapter 1, page 15)
Racial confict:
"It is up to [the white race] ...to watch out or [the] other races will have control of things" (Chapter 1, page 13)
Illegal activities:
"[Gatsby] and Wolfsheim bought up a lot of side-street drug-stores [in New York] and in Chicago and sold grain alcohol over the counter" (Chapter 7, page 133)
Dancing:
"Old men [pushed] young girls backward in eternal graceless circles...single girls [danced] individualistically" (Chapter 3, page 46)
Communication:
"Mrs. Wilson called up several people on the telephone" (Chapter 2, page 29)
Activities:
"In [Gatsby's] blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars " (Chapter 3, page 39)
Sexism:
"Making a short deft movement, Tom Buchanan broke her nose with his open hand" (Chapter 4, page 36)
Flappers in the 1920's
Connection to The Great Gatsby
By: Abigail J. and Fariha S.
Works Cited
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1925. Print.
Martin, Isaac.

"1910s in Western Fashion." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 May 2013. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

Brooks, Parker. "1920s in Western Fashion." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

Chilk, Marzi. "Culture in the 1920s: Loosening Social Structure." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, 09 Oct. 2009. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

Taylor, Wade. "Slang of the 1920." Slang of the 1920. N.p., 28 Nov. 1990. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

Colletta, Sorgente. "1920-30.com." The 1920s. 1920-30.com, 31 July 2011. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.

Language Portal of Canada. “Words That Were: 1920-1929.” Govt. of Canada, 12 June 2013. Web. 3 Nov. 2013.

McDonnell, Janet. America in the 20th Century 1920-1929. New York: Marshall Cavendish
Corporation, 1995. Print.

Peacock, John. 20th Century Fashion. London: Thames and Hudson Co., 1993. Print.

"Social Trends in the 1920s: Overview." DISCovering U.S. History. Online
ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Discovering Collection. Gale. Web. 3 Nov. 2013.

Men Wore:
coats,
waistcoats
trousers
Wild Partiers:
"They conducted themselves according to the rules of behaviour associated with amusement parks" (Chapter 3, page 41)
More Social:
"I like large parties. They're so intimate." (Chapter 3, page 49)
Smoking:
"Everybody smoked all through lunch" (Chapter 7, page 119)
Attitude:
"...she got up and went over to Gatsby...kissing him on the mouth" (Chapter 7, page 116)
Drinking:
"We all drank [gin rickeys] in long, greedy swallows" (Chapter 7, page 118)
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