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Cell Analogy: How is a COUNTRY like an Animal Cell?

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Nick Kim

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Cell Analogy: How is a COUNTRY like an Animal Cell?

Cell Analogy: How is a COUNTRY like an Animal Cell?
The Capitol = Nucleus
In a cell, the Nucleus functions as the central piece of the cell, and regulates all activities in addition to mediating DNA replication
In a country, the Capitol functions as the control center of all activities which take place within the country, and mediates what goes on throughout the country.
Borders = Cell Membrane
In a cell, the cell membrane functions as the outer boundary of the cell and controls the entry and exit of objects going to and from the cell.
In a country, the borders serve a similar purpose. They control which foreigners/objects can enter, and can also act as barriers for people/items trying to leave the country
Treasury Department = Nucleolus
In a cell, the nucleolus produces ribosomes, which create proteins (which provide structure)
The Treasury Department controls money from the government, which is used to create jobs (ribosomes) which make the country's structure (proteins)
Roads/Highways = Endoplasmic Reticulum
In a cell, the endoplasmic reticulum functions as the transport system, moving material throughout the cell. The Rough ER has ribosomes, whereas the smooth does not.
In a country, its roads serve the purpose of transporting all sorts of things about within the country. A highway is like rough ER, because it has ribosomes (jobs/wealth), vs. a dirt road, which while physically rougher, lacks ribosomes.
Jobs = Ribosomes
In a cell, the primary function of ribosomes is the creation of proteins which provide structure for cells
In a country, jobs create the very "structure" of a country, such as it's physical and economic structure, or the equivalent of proteins.
Waste Management Plants = Lysomes
In a cell, lysomes is the waste management, and breaks down food, unusable particles, and the cell itself when it dies
In a country, waste management plants prevent an overflow of trash/other unusable materials, similarly to the way lysomes work.
Power Plants = Mitochondria
In a cell, the mitochondria function as the energy suppliers of the cell, via supplying ATP from breaking down food
In a country, its power-plants create electricity, which to a technological civilization, is the equivalent of biological energy to a cell.
National Postal Service = Golgi Apparatus
In a cell, the Golgi Apparatus receives, modifies, and ships macromolecules/materials (often proteins) through and about the cell
The postal service of a country receives and packages up various materials/information and ships them about the interior of the country.
Storage Facilities/Warehouses = Vacuoles
In an animal cell, vacuoles act as containment for some macromolecules as well as water
In a country, storage facilities of all types hold things needed for a country to functions such as water, food, raw materials, etc.
Buildings of all Kinds = Microtubles/filaments
In a cell, microtubles/filaments provide structural support to the cell and are made of proteins
In a country, buildings provide both physical as well as non-physical (economic) support to a country. A skyscraper could be likened to a microtuble while a small house could be akin to a microfilament
Construction Workers = Centrioles
Centrioles primarily serve to maintain microtubles/filaments during cell division
In a country, construction workers maintain a country's structural supports in the event of a "split".
Fault Lines/Continental Plate =Cilia/Flagella
Cilia and flagella are used to allow a cell to move about. Cilia are more numerous but smaller, while flagella are less numerous but larger
For a country, smaller fault lines can move the parts of a country like cilia and are more numerous than continental plates, which are like flagella.
Land = Cytoplasm
The cytoplasm is the gel which exists throughout the inside of a cell in which all other organelles exist
For a country, the land fills the entire area and holds all other systems of the country
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