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Transcript of Text Structures
...the way an author chooses to present information.
3. Compare & Contrast
4. Problem & Solution
5. Proposition & Support
Types of Text Structures
Cause and effect gives the reasons and outcomes for events. A cause is a person, thing, or event that makes something happen. An effect is the result of a cause.
Important CLUE words are: because, as a result, since, so that, due to, and therefore.
Cause & Effect
Sequence is a chronological, or time, order.
Sequence Examples: Biographies, procedural texts, and recounts of specific events.
Important things to look for are dates, or words such as first, next, then, and last.
Individually, you will complete the first handout, and with a partner, you will complete the second handout!
Compare & Contrast
Compare means to to tell how things are similar.
Contrast means to tell how things are different.
CLUE words are: like, unlike, different, opposite, same, and similar
Problem & Solution
An obstacle, or a challenge must be overcome, or a problem must be solved. The problem is the difficult situation, obstacle, or challenge. The solution is the answer to the problem.
Proposition & Support
A proposition is a plan, opinion, or idea about something. In this text structure, an author suggests an idea or opinion, and then follows it up with supporting details (You will write these next year!).
Use your notes as needed.