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Letter to Birmingham : MLK Conclusion

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Becky Chan

on 15 April 2011

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Transcript of Letter to Birmingham : MLK Conclusion

Martin Luther King Jr's Letter From Birmingham Jail CONCLUSION S.O.A.P.S Speaker Martin Luther King Jr:
Religious American Clergyman
Civil Rights Activist
Prominent leader for the African American Civil Rights Movement Occasion After taking part in the non-violent campaign against racial segregation, Martin Luther King was arrested and confined in the Birmingham Jail. And as a reponse to Martin Luther King Jr.'s action, the Birmingham Clergymen written a statement called "A Call for Unity" describing MLK's "extreme" actions. And as a response to this statement, MLK wrote the "Letter from Birmingham Jail" Audience The letter was mainly addressed to the White Birmingham Clergymen as a response to their claims and is also targeted towards others who were part of the racial segregation campaign and those supporting King and other racial civil rights activists Purpose King's purpose in writing the "Letter From Birminghan Jail" was to explain and also refute the clergymen's accusations and claims in their written statement, " A CAll for Unity" in order to justify his actions and enlighten the clergymen. Subject Martin Luther King's Response to the "A Call for Unity" Paragraph 48 constant usage of "long" hinting at a long period of struggle and his time in jail.
Describes/hints at that how he's sorry for making such a "long" letter since that's all he can do in jail.
"alone" "narrow jail cell" describe his curret situations during when the letter was written Paragraph 49 "I"-taking responsibility for everything he has done and stated
"overstates...""understates...""unpatience...""patience.." - Alot of contradictory terms and words to show that he's not on any one side and sees things both ways Paragraph 50 continual usage of "hope" - "hope" for the future
"brother" "brotherhood" "yours" etc. - not just a leader but also one of the people, one with the people
"...cause of Peace and brotherhood" - civil rights movement - Kings wishes that the movement will lead to peace and unity among all americans "dark clouds" "deep fog" "fear drenched" "radiant stars" Paragraph 48-50 continual uses of words relating to religion
King's devotion to religion
Rhetorical Question.Def: A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer. …"what else can one do when he is alone in a narrow jail cell, other than write long letters, think long thoughts and pray long prayers?"- Shows the what he is thinking right at that moment sitting in that jail cell at Birmingham Jail.- Demonstrate his commitment to his cause of nonviolent protests even in jail.

Anaphora Definition: The repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive clauses. “If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me. If I have said anything that understates the truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me.” - “If I have said…” & “I beg …to forgive me” - Justify why he’s writing this response.- Shows that he is understanding and open to other views . - By repeating what he’s saying, he draws attention to that paragraph and shows his sincerity.

Imagery Definition: Vivid use of language that evokes a reader’s senses.“ Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away from and the deep fog of misunderstanding will lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow, the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with their scintillating beauty. “- Images of dark clouds and deep fog signifies that dark times they’re in. - The images of despair and suffering are replaced by images of radiant stars of love and brotherhood which signifies that ending of segregation and hatred for all people.

Tone :Def : The speakers attitude toward the subject or audience…- Very calm- Honest- Sincere-Respectful Rhetorical Appeals Ethos Pathos Rhetorical Techniques King uses various words and phrases within his concluding paragraphs in order to pull the emotions of the audience to sympathize his state and to understand the sacrifices he has made towards the civil rights movemnt. Such as the repetition of "I" and "brotherhood" in order to connect with the reader and himself. Also He uses the phrases hinting at the enviroment in pargraph 50 and continuous repetition of "long" in paragraph 48 to make the reader understand the position he is at when writing the letter. "dark clouds""deep fog" etc. King also uses religious terms such as "pray""prayer" "christian" etc. in order to pull towards the readers emotions with more of a religious perspective. King uses his position of being an American Clergyman, devout christian and a leader of the civil rights movement in order to push for civil rights against racial segregation and prejudices and bring more recognition and light towards the african american civil rights movement. Paragraph 50 Lines 705-706 - "...not as an integrationist or a civil rights leader but as a fellow clergyman and a christian brother." Line 713 "Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood." Paragraph 49
-Holding on to his responsibilities "Yours for the..."Line 713
-Not physically there but he's still there for the people and care for them Tying up/ending his letter THANK YOU!
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