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Miles Davis and the Progression of Jazz

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Taylor Littleton

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of Miles Davis and the Progression of Jazz

Different Kinds of
Jazz
Miles Davis Early Life
Born on May 26th 1926 in Alton Illinois.
Grew up in a middle class household, first introduced to the trumpet by his dad at age 13
Had a natural talent for trumpet under the infulence of Elwood Buchanan a friend of his father who ran a music school.

Early Career
Davis played professionally while in high school.
When he was 17 years old, Davis was invited by Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker to join them onstage when the famed musicians realized they needed a trumpet player to replace a sick bandmate.
Moving Out
In 1944 Davis decides to move from Illinois to New York where he attends the Julliard School for Music
Began to play at Harlem nightclubs
During the gigs, he met several musicians whom he would eventually play with and form the basis for bebop, a fast, improvisational style of jazz instrumental that defined the modern jazz era.
Miles Davis and the Progression of Jazz
Influence of Miles Davis
In 1949 Davis formed a nine- piece band with uncommon additions such as trombone, french horn and tuba.
He released multiple singles which would later be recognized as a major contribution to the modern jazz era.
Mos Def
Rapper from Brooklyn
"Ruled the Underground"
Decided to jazz up his sound
Mentor was Miles Davis--advocate of Davis's early '70s fusion
Prince
Known Friends with Davis
Performed together
Occasionally featured on eachother's albums
Davis was an Icon for Black Power
Both control freaks
Relationship diminished
Chaka Khan ft. Miles Davis and Prince
New Orleans (Dixieland)
Big Band Swing
Fulltime Musician
In 1945 elected to drop out of school and become a fulltime musician.
Davis made his first recording as a bandleader in 1946 with the Miles Davis Sextet.

Bebop
Hard Bop
Fusion
Origins
Historical Origin
Originated in late 19th and early 20th century (1895-1917)
Started in Southern United States (New Orleans)
Began as a combination of African and European rhythms
Creole Musicians
Freed slaves
1894 Segregation Law (Canal Street)
Musical Origin
African
Strong beat
Polyrhythms
Melody separate from beat
Improvisation
European
Formal dance rhythms
Conventional harmonies
Structure
Developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century
Spread to Chicago and New York in the 1910s
Combined brass band marches and ragtime with polyphonic improvision
Standard band line
Developed by Louis Armstrong
Ex: "When the Saints Go Marching In"
The Bands All Here
Between 1945 and 1948, Davis and Parker recorded continuously. It was during this period that Davis worked on developing the improvisational style that defined his trumpet playing.

Developed in early 1930s
Dominant form of American popular music from 1935-1946
Strong rhythm section
Swing time rhythm
Featured soloists who would improvise melody over arrangement
Developed by bandleaders such as Benny Goodman and Glenn Miller
Developed mid-1940s
"Bebop" derived from nonsense syllables used in scat singing
Younger generation countering popularization of swing
Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Thelonious Monk
Highlighted improvision
Theme at beginning and end of piece
Works held togther by underlying harmonies in the rhythm section
Extension of bebop that began in the mid-1950s
New movement within jazz which incorporated blues, R&B, and gospel
Reaction to cool jazz
Miles Davis Quintet
Developed in the late 1960s
A mix of funk, R&B rhythms, and the amplification and electronic effects of rock music
In the Silent Way
Bitches Brew
Jazz in the 20th Century
Addiction
In the early 1950s, Davis became addicted to heroin. While he was still able to record, it was a difficult period for the musician and his performances were haphazard.
Davis overcame his addiction in 1954

A Career of Excellence
His performance of "'Round Midnight" at the Newport Jazz Festival earned him a recording contract with Columbia Records.
Once he signed he formed a permanent bad with memebers John Coltrane, Paul Chambers and Red Garland.
Through the Years
Davis recorded several albums with his sextet during the 1950s, including Porgy and Bess and Kind of Blue,
His final album of the decade, released in 1959. Now considered one of the best jazz albums ever recorded, Kind of Blue is credited as the largest-selling jazz album of all time, selling more than 2 million copies.

60's-70's
The album Bitches Brew set the stage for the Jazz fusion movement
Soon became a best selling album
First Jazz artist to be featured in RollingStone Magazine
In 1975 Davis slips back into his addiciton and take a five year hiatus
In 1979 he met Cicely Tyson who he later married in 1981.
Davis Reinvented
Davis reinvented himself in 1986 with the release of Tutu. Incorporating synthesizers, drum loops and samples
He later won a grammy award for this album
Won another grammy in 1989
The Last Song
Honoring his body of work, in 1990, Miles Davis received a Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award.
Later that same year, on September 21, 1991, Davis succumbed to pneumonia and respiratory failure, dying at the age of 65
Santana
Fusion of rock and Latin American music
Band members had background in jazz
Wanted more jazzy elements in his music
Inspired by Miles Davis during his Jazz phase
"Umi Says" by Mos Def
"Burn" by Miles Davis and Carlos Santana
Other Jazz Artists in the Century
-Joe “King” Oliver (1881-1938)
-Bandleader, cornet player, composer
-one of the most popular jazz bands of early 20’s.
-Use of mutes.
-New Orleans style jazz
-Mentor to Louie Armstrong

Louis Armstrong (1901-1971)
-Originally a trumpet player
-read music by age 20
Armstrong was a staple of jazz music.
-shifted collective improv to solo performance.
-injected his own personality into his music.
-1922 he joins “King” Oliver’s Creole Band.
-1924 Fletcher Henderson Orchestra. Influential music.
- Racially Divided America, music mattered more
Duke Ellington
(1899-1974)
-composer, pianist and bandleader
-referred as ‘American Music”
-Led his band for 50 years
-gained national attention through performances at the Cotton Club
-Enjoyed collaborating
-Use of orchestra and big bands.
-Composed parts for certain artists
-over 1000 compositions
“king of swing”
-popular group in America
-Showcase jazz coming to prominence
-racially integrated groups
-civil rights advocate

Benny Goodman (1909-1986) -
Bebop Artists
-1939 "Body and Soul" by Coleman Hawkins
-Danceable music moves to difficult fast tempos and improvisation based on harmony and melody.
-Artists include Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Bud Powell
-consists of saxophone, trumpet, bass, drums, and piano

Dixieland Revival
40’s and 50’s record companies reissued jazz classics
Old artists, Eddie Condon, went back to original styles
new artists, Lu Watters band, Turk Murphy clung to the trend.

Herbie Hancock (1940- )
Miles Davis's Second Great Quintet.
-melodic in its use of synthisizers
-found great success among pop audiences
redifined role of jazz rhythm section.
Primary architect of the post bop sound
Won 2008 Grammy for album of the year
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