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Water Conflict in South Asia
Transcript of Water Conflict in South Asia
Tulbul Dams Disputes Sources http://www.rsis.edu.sg/nts/HTML-Newsletter/Report/pdf/Symposium_on_Inter-State_Water_Conflicts_in_Southern_Asia.pdf
http://media.treehugger.com/assets/images/2011/10/verdant-power-turbine-j001.jpg Over Population Pakistan-190,291,129
South Asia Total Currently suspended because of pressure from Pakistan who believe that this dam is a violation of the Indus Water Treaty. The rivers are dry Pakistani water supplies have dropped by 75% in the last 60 years.
“The Sutlej and Beas are already dry, and the Ravi is partially dry. All water is being stopped in India.”
Graph below is from Columbia University's Water Center The Rivers The river distribution is about 80% to Pakistan and 20% to India
Beas Physical Capability Pakistan can only store 30 days supply of water
India's Water Renewal
Supports about 90% of the agriculture in Pakistan.
No longer flows to the ocean A dam that was designed for the regulation of water flowing from the mouth of the Wular Lake to keep drought levels to 4.5 feet. Though has been voluntarily suspended by India since 1987, Pakistan believes this to be a violation in the treaty The Indus Water Treaty Agreed between India & Pakistan
Created in 1960
Allows for a division of rivers for each country
Pakistan went to World Bank and asked for a neutral arbitrator
Has never been broken, though both sides blame each other for breaching the treaty History of Tension Nuclear powers
History of war
Both governments are plagued with insecurities
Multitudes of social problems
Lack of communications
Building of dams
Tipping point the water crisis
Future dam building planned Theorists 1947-1948 India-Pakistan War Maharaja Hari Singh leader of Kashmir refused to decide which nation to join
Tribal Muslim rebellion broke out in Poonch
Pakistani forces invade Kashmir
Singh pleads for India's support but must first accede to India
Kashmir accedes to India
India pushes Pakistani forces back but are halted by India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Eight months later India cuts off Punjab water flow to Pakistan, because of drought Pakistan blames India for dam building Pakistan claims its land is infertile
Says India is restricting flow
Pakistan claims India is breaching Indus Water Treaty Modernity and its affects regarding the Indus River James Scott-
High Modernism theory and needs to the mastery of nature, strong confidence in science and engineering
Hydraulic Empire or dams, irrigation required substantial and centralized control, government representatives monopolized political power and dominated the economy, resulting in an absolutist managerial state. "The new temples of India" -Jawaharlal Nehru Impacts of the Tennessee Valley Authority Nehru visits the TVA
Invites to India
Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (Corbu)- Famous architect
Lilienthal- Director-General of the Tennessee Valley Authority
Mr. W.L. Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA
TVA inspires the creation of the Damodar Valley Corporation based in India controlling the wild and erratic Damodar River.
Voordin brought in to help make recommended the creation of the DMC
DMC is created the 7th of July 1948
Used as a standard to base other dam projects from Free-flow hydroelectric technology
These turbines will solve many issues that are occurring in South Asia.
Brings a potential for all countries involved to work with each other
Relieving tensions, allowing waters to flow naturally
More dams for both countries Fixing energy issue 1947 Pakistan Splits from British India
East & West Sections
3 Wars Fought (India won each war) 1947 Partition “In mastering nature,they felt pride in having created the great dams which are bearers of physical and spiritual splendor.” -Corbu